Allergic infectious arthritis in children and adults: symptoms, treatment

Allergic arthritis: causes and treatments

Allergic arthritis is a disease indicating pathological changes of the joint caused by sensitivity of the organism to infections and allergens.

The difference in this type of arthritis because when eliminate the causes of allergic reactions, the disease is completely cured. Disease often affects girls.

Allergic arthritis also occurs in children as a result of not formed by the immune system.

The causes and pathogenesis

Allergic arthritis occurs in the case of a too strong sensitivity to unknown proteins or their metabolic products. A violation occurs when any kind of Allergy and even after the injection of therapeutic sera.

The main reasons for the development of the lesion are:

  1. Foreign matter that has penetrated into the body – medication: antibiotics, serums, pain killers that the body does not believe her and begins to fight them.
  2. External stimuli is allergic to any substance, stress, hypothermia and severe physical exertion.

Once in the body, allergens stimulate the formation of antibodies, which then combine with the alien body elements. If the immune system has disorders, these compounds begin to accumulate in the tissues, particularly the joints. They are the inflammation is of allergic arthritis.

One of its causes is the introduction into the body of the haptens.

They are not allergic reactions on their own, but when combined with other agents (protein of blood or tissue) exhibit the properties of allergens.

Phase of development of the disease

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The manifestation of the disease may be acute if there has been exposure to the allergen, but most often it occurs 7-12 days after contact with blood.

The phase of development of allergic arthritis:

  1. In the first phase, signs of arthritis can be confused with a cold – there is a runny nose, fever, weakness, joint pain and heart palpitations.
  2. Second, the appearance of lesions on the skin, itching of various degrees may increase lymph nodes.
  3. The third phase is manifested by pain and inflammation in large joints, they swell up, swell, redden, and the skin in this place becomes hot (the affected area «temperature»).
  4. The fourth phase is characterized by severe pain in the affected arthritis joints, the appearance of fluid in the tissues and the beginning of the destruction of joint tissues.
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The accumulation of the substance in the joint cavity is rare, mostly if in addition to allergic arthritis there is a different disease of a joint.

Typical symptoms

Allergic infectious arthritis is flaring up after the secondary invasion of an allergen into the body, because after the first impact usually produces immunity.

Affected, usually large joints, small – are less common.

The symptoms of the disease are presented in the form:

  • pain during movement that increases after a rest;
  • acute edema of the inflamed joint, the skin of the affected area warm, which felt the usual touch them;
  • urticaria, rash of various types and itching in the affected location or body;
  • tears, itching, and other signs of conjunctivitis;
  • can be other signs of allergic reactions more serious angioedema or occurrence of chronic diseases, such as asthma;
  • nonspecific symptoms: nausea, fast pulse, elevated temperature, diarrhea and other troubles.

The defeat of large joints (knee, hip) leads to difficulty of movement of the patient. Lack of proper treatment allergic arthritis can lead to serious consequences.

This can be destruction of cartilage and bone displacement. A complication of this disease is rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis.

Diagnosis in a medical institution

The symptoms of allergic arthritis is similar to other types of joint diseases. To establish an accurate diagnosis will help test for allergens – it will indicate that the reacted body.

Here resort to such methods:

  1. You should first check the blood for allergic arthritis increases the level of leukocytes and eosinophils. Marked increase in ESR, but not much – 20-25 mm in one hour.
  2. The presence of overt inflammatory process of the joint involves ultrasound diagnostics to the study of the articular cavity and fluid accumulation.
  3. You may need to take a puncture of the effusion (substance accumulated in the joint), to detect the presence of the allergen.
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Radiograph at the time of development of allergic arthritis in the early stages is not necessary because bone changes are not yet occurring.

Therapy violation

The goal of treatment is to eliminate symptoms and decrease sensitivity to the allergen.

Also carried out to identify the allergen that caused a reaction, taken active steps to avoid contact with him, otherwise complications can occur. Allergic arthritis respond well to treatment, which is conservative.

To therapeutic actions include:

  1. First, for the treatment of a specialist shall be appointed anti-inflammatory and antihistamines. They relieve pain and inflammation, also stop an allergic reaction. Doctors recommend to take Suprastin, Diphenhydramine, if there is no strength to endure the pain that is assigned to Adrenaline. To relieve inflammation used Aspirin or Brufen.
  2. Before starting treatment with antibiotics, testing for their portability. Antibiotics is usually administered Penicillin or Erythomycin the course of 7-10 days. In parallel, it is necessary to take drugs to restore the microflora of the intestine: Lactobacterin or Bifidumbacterin.
  3. Sometimes Allergy triggers lose other body systems, then assigned the rehabilitation and treatment side of disease.
  4. To protect the joint from sudden changes and physical impacts on the limb is applied to the tire.
  5. Surgery is used in exceptional cases. Typically, treatment does not even allow for the introduction of therapeutic agents in articular cavity itself.
  6. Physiotherapy running, if inflammation and pain do not disappear for too long, and the effusion is poorly absorbed. Assigned heat treatments: paraffin, of an application with the peat, the sessions of diathermy.
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It is important to ensure the rest of the extremities with inflammation of the joint, to comply with bed rest. Need to rest for several days to relieve acute pain.

Useful tips

A patient suffering allergic arthritis, is obliged to notify doctors, to implement their recommendations, monitor your health. The penetration of the allergen into the body a second time is unacceptable.

Taking medication with the allergen should be administered an antihistamine.

Such patients require regular observation by a physician immunologist with comprehensive examination 2 times a year.

Available patient’s allergic signs to different antigens, which lead to arthritis, may later manifest in a very severe form. The main preventive measure for the prevention of allergic arthritis is the immune system.

The prognosis of the disease, if treatment is assigned correctly and in a timely manner. The disease begins with acute forms and all its manifestations are eliminated immediately at the beginning of therapy. You should not self-medicate – a comprehensive treatment appoint a doctor.