Anti-inflammatory medications for joints for different diseases
NSAIDs — nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for osteoarthritis and osteochondrosis, which represent pharmacological drugs that reduce the inflammatory processes in the body. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have antipyretic and analgesic effect in various diseases of bone structure and joints. When using anti-inflammatory drugs are formed of biologically active components that localize the inflammatory process in the joints. There is a large group of drugs which cope with inflammatory processes in bone and cartilage segments of the body.
The principle of non-steroidal drugs group
The human body produces two types of special forms of cyclooxygenase (COX-1 and COX-2). The first type represents the concentration of healthy enzymes that participate in physiological processes of internal organs. Main objective of COX-1 is the synthesis of biologically active substances, which increase the resistance of gastric mucosa to aggressive juice of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and acidic environment.
The second form of cyclooxygenase appears only in the inflammation. Due to the destructive structure of this enzyme and lead to pain. Basically, a therapeutic agent may not be able to share these forms of cyclooxygenase. Come to the aid of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that block COX-2 and have a beneficial effect on internal organs. Before using such medications it is necessary to survey the entire gastrointestinal tract. Appreciating all possible risks, the doctor assigns the optimal dosage and duration of medication.
In order to avoid the risk of diseases of the stomach (particularly ulcers) and other complications you should not use non-steroidal drugs without prescription.
Degenerative disorders in articular cartilage that cause joint inflammation of various parts of the skeleton, called osteochondrosis. For the treatment of this disease are various anti-inflammatory ointments for the joints and pills non-steroidal groups of drugs. In the composition of medicines for treatment of joint diseases contain active substances that allows to stop the inflammatory process. There is a large spectrum of pharmacological medicines, which includes anti-inflammatory drugs in osteochondrosis.
Pills and injections osteochondrosis and arthritis
At the initial stage, a good antipyretic and analgesic effect in osteochondrosis and arthritis is aspirin, which contains acetylsalicylic acid. The mechanism of action of this drug is well researched and tested in clinical conditions. Pharmaceutical tablets containing acetylsalicylic acid is recommended for use by the world health organization (who). The most common anti-inflammatory drugs, having analgesic effect in osteoarthritis and arthritis, are considered cetanol, indomethacin, nice and other dipyrone-containing pharmacological group of drugs.
Be aware that any pill can cause side effect. Therefore, an important condition when using medicines is to consult a specialist. Apply pills will not be recommended dosage of the drug and prescription of the attending physician is not recommended!
Injections in rheumatoid arthritis
Treatment of diseases of the skeletal system with arthritis or osteochondrosis is not limited to only the use of anti-inflammatory tablets. In some cases, to prevent pain used injection blockade. Injections osteochondrosis localize the affected areas and are the most efficient and effective method of treatment of the disease. The injectable form of the inner subcutaneous administration of medications allows for faster delivery of required active biochemical components in the body of the patient, than the simple use of anti-inflammatory pills.
Painkillers and anti-inflammatory injectable drugs for musculoskeletal diseases:
There are many injectable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that will help alleviate the internal condition of the patients joints. All these medicines are aimed at early restoration and treatment of inflamed bone structures and also muscular tissues of the body.
Creams and gels with joint diseases
Modern pharmacological industry offers not only pills and injectable drugs, but also anti-inflammatory creams and gels. For external use various ointments used in osteochondrosis, which contain active anti-inflammatory agents. Such action have phenylbutazone, diclofenac, indomethacin and other nonsteroidal drugs. Ointment osteochondrosis reduce swelling of the affected areas and localized pain.
Apply the ointment needs a thin layer 2-3 times a day on prescription. Prescribed ointment has a warming effect, which will improve the elasticity of muscle tissue and will have a tonic effect on bone segments. However, prolonged use of the drug can lead to side effects: dry skin, burning, itching, redness of the treated area of the skin. If any visible manifestations of changes in the skin should immediately consult a doctor.
The pros and cons of NSAIDs
The main advantage of using NSAIDs is to control pain. The systematic use of NSAIDs allows you to adjust the pathology of joint diseases, the probability of transition of the disease in chronic phase is minimized. This is extremely important since some forms of joint diseases can lead to disability and sometimes to the complete immobility.
In addition to the elimination of pronounced pain syndrome, anti-inflammatory agents for arthritis and osteochondrosis allow you to remove the inflammatory process in the joints, to remove swelling and reduce the temperature of the inflamed area. All these characteristics allow NSAIDs to improve the health of the patient.
Along with the positive properties of drugs, there are negative aspects of using this group of medicines. The main disadvantage of the use of anti-inflammatory drugs are side effects. Therefore, to use NSAIDs for arthritis and degenerative disc disease, it is recommended a short course of treatment. Side effects may include:
- irregularities in the cardiovascular system of the body;
- the change in the functional parameters of kidney and liver;
- the development of diseases of allergic nature;
- nausea and retching, constipation, pain in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
The use of nonsteroidal drugs should be administered with caution, so as not to cause unpleasant consequences. Reception of all therapeutic agents should be monitored by specialists.
Watch your body and stay healthy!