Arrhythmia osteochondrosis are disorders of the heart, which consist in change of frequency, rhythm or sequence of reductions of the various structures of the heart on the background of lesions of the spine. Patients who experience palpitations, in recent years more and more. No wonder low back pain is considered the epidemic of the 21st century, because 65% of the world population suffer from it.
Develops osteochondrosis quite long. Since the majority of the population leads a sedentary lifestyle, unsustainable feeds, it accelerates its progression. Peak manifestations of the disease observed in 45-50 years and older. At this age already there is a persistent lesion of the spine, and characteristic neurological symptoms.
What changes in the spine lead to arrhythmias
Since osteochondrosis is a disease that develops throughout life, in recent years, many begin to consider it the norm. However, this statement is false. When people led a more active lifestyle, and its power was more complete than at the present day, the prevalence of osteoarthritis was minimal. To understand the cause of the arrhythmias on the background of osteochondrosis and choose the right tactics of treatment, it is necessary to find out what happens in the spine.
Initially, the affected intervertebral disc, which compensates for all loads on the spine as a shock absorber. However, under the influence of damaging factors diminishes with the number of vessels that supply blood to the intervertebral disc. When a critical amount, the drive starts drying and shrinking, and its surface is covered with cracks. They gradually increase in size until the critical moment does not occur, the rupture disk. Through it bulges purposee — disc, which forms the intervertebral hernia cervical.
In addition, the affected adjacent vertebrae, which gradually begin to coalesce with the intervertebral disc, which leads to limitation of the cervical spine. This is a compensatory reaction aimed at reducing pain and slowing disease progression. In paravertebral tissues in response to damage leads to inflammation. All these changes are factors that can irritate the various nerve fibers, causing the development of neurological symptoms.
The occurrence of arrhythmias on the background of osteochondrosis is associated with irritation of nerve structures, which provide the innervation of the heart.
In the area of the cervical spine is the spinal cord and the sympathetic nerve plexus. Irritation increases the number of pulses that go to the internal organs, particularly the heart. Normal heart rhythm is ensured only due to the activity of the sinus node. However, under the influence of an additional source of pathological impulses is disrupted, the heart rate, rhythm and sequence of contraction.
Signs and symptoms of arrhythmias
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine leads to the development of two types of arrhythmias: sinus tachycardia and arrhythmia. Sinus tachycardia is an increase in the frequency of contraction of the heart more than 90 beats per minute. This condition occurs in healthy people during exercise or emotional arousal. How to distinguish pathological from physiological arrhythmia?
In patients with osteochondrosis of the cervical for sinus tachycardia is characterized by:
- the sudden appearance (at rest);
- appearance after the sharp turn of the head or prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position;
- quite often accompanied by a burning pain behind the breastbone.
In more rare cases, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is manifested by premature beats. Arrythmia is an extraordinary contraction of the heart muscle, the occurrence of which is associated with the emergence of impulse outside the sinoatrial node. During exercise arrythmia in patients increases. Beats can go after the physiological reduction, and in a row. All of this leads to inefficient blood flow.
This arrhythmia is either not felt at all or felt in the form of a strengthened impetus behind the breastbone or heart-stopping. To suspect beats, it suces to study the pulse and conduct auscultation of the heart. Pulse wave when arrhythmia is weakened or there is a loss of regular pulse wave. When listening to the heart notes the presence of premature heart tones. For a reliable diagnosis it is necessary to conduct electrocardiography.
It is worth noting that arrhythmia occurs when degenerative disc disease is often in the period of exacerbation of the disease. Therefore, you should also pay attention to pain in the region of the cervical spine, paravertebral muscle tension, stiffness in this area. You should be careful, because cardiac arrhythmia on the background of degenerative disc disease may resemble angina or myocardial infarction, and they are life threatening conditions.
Cardiac arrhythmia should be diagnosed by a cardiologist in conjunction with a neurologist.
Treatment of cardiac abnormalities
Since the cause of pathological pulses to the heart, is low back pain, it is the main goal of treatment. In the plan of treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical part of the whole complex of actions.
|At the time of exacerbation of the disease you must create a full rest for the cervical spine.||To prevent excessive extension or flexion of the neck under the mattress put a hard shield. With the aim of fixing a cervical collar is also used Trench. It reduces the load on the spine.|
|Very good effect is observed when spinal traction loop Gleason with a load of 6 to 10 kg.||It is noted that in the majority of patients after traction arrhythmia docked. After the traction required to wear a collar Schantz.|
|Drug therapy is focused more on symptomatic treatment.||Since pain in the neck and heart violate General well-being of the patient, he prescribed painkillers (analgin), sedatives or sedatives (tincture of Valerian). Also shown sleeping pills for sleep disorders. For relief of arrhythmia and pain in the region of the heart to effectively use Romanya 1 ml subcutaneously. Course introduction Romagnola – 25 injection. This drug is the extract of cartilage and bone marrow of animals. It increases the production of substances necessary for the functioning of the intervertebral discs, reduces the degree of dehydration and prevents destruction of the disk.|
|Balneotherapy is the use of coniferous-salt bath.||The duration of each bath within 10-15 minutes, the course of 10-12 baths, at a water temperature of at least 37°C. After a course of such baths, approximately 75 % of patients feel a significant improvement.|
|Electrophoresis with the anesthetic drug (Novocain).||After 10 sessions significantly reduced pain. Physiotherapy is contraindicated in patients with the presence of cancer pathology (mastopathy, fibroma).|
All of these methods are used to treat osteoarthritis, which is accompanied by arrhythmia. But to choose the most suitable plan of action can only be a doctor after examination of the patient.