Arthritis differs from osteoarthritis: what is the difference and what is worse with photo explanation and table
How to distinguish arthritis from osteoarthritis: what is the difference and similarity in symptoms and treatment
At the joints there are two main «enemy» of opposing work full time. This disease arthritis and osteoarthritis, despite the similar names, the essence of occurring pathological process is different. The area of destruction of these diseases are cartilage.
Cartilage plays an important role in the health of the joints. It has no blood vessels and nerve endings, so that could be durable and withstand heavy loads. This softened the impact on those tissues that have nerve fibers or blood capillaries.
When the body moves, cartilage ensures a smooth and painless rotation of the bone heads in the joints, reducing damage from friction to zero. When jumping, the cartilage acts as shock absorbers, absorbing an inertia load.
Arthritis and arthrosis «stifle» joint function and prevent you to move. Some of the symptoms of these diseases are similar, others differ radically.
Physiological processes in arthritis
When a person begins to feel pain in a certain joint, this may indicate the emergence of such diseases as arthritis. Under this disease means inflammation of cartilage.
The disease can affect all components of the joint:
- synovial membrane located at the edges;
- synovial fluid, nourishes tissues and acts as a lubricant;
- the joint capsule.
Patients with arthritis complain of severe pain, for example in the knee, limited mobility of the limb. Characterized by increased temperature and redness of the inflamed place. The pain may be «steamy», affecting the same joint on the other limb.
A constant feature of the disease is visually distinguishable outer tissue swelling.
Despite the decreased functionality of the joint, its internal structure is not changed. It is only an inflammation of the cartilage caused by metabolic disturbances, infection, or triggered by trauma, which with proper treatment can be eliminated, without subsequent degradation of the joint itself.
Physiological processes in osteoarthritis
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This disease has more to do with internal changes in the joint. Because cartilage lacks blood vessels, its nutrition and recovery is provided by the synovial fluid that contains useful chemical substances.
With age metabolic processes slow down, and cartilage, getting less support, begins to wear out faster, than to recover. This leads to its thinning.
Crumbling thin cartilage is no longer able to absorb well under load, therefore, patients with osteoarthritis experience pain when walking or work-related involvement of the affected joint.
Inflammatory processes are not observed. The disease is extremely age and related to the individual characteristics of lifestyle (proper eating habits and receiving the additional supporting elements can serve as a good prevention and long delay the appearance of the disease).
Degradation of cartilage leads to pain that is aching in nature. Swelling and redness are absent.
Osteoarthritis is a disease affecting a specific joint. Not observed a parallel development at the same location in the adjacent limbs. The disease is often «chooses» major «node» in anatomy. It could be hip or knee joint.
Similar and distinct features — in brief
Arthritis and osteoarthritis has similarities in the manifestation of certain symptoms. They are:
- stiffness upon waking, the feeling of numbness of the joint;
- the loss of full motor function in the limbs;
- pain, making the execution of elementary actions unpleasant.
Despite the General symptoms and the nature of feelings, their quantity and place, you can tell what kind of diseases they treat. The differences in the manifestations of diseases will help to better identify the diagnosis.
So, the difference between arthritis arthrosis:
- At first, there is a clear increase in body temperature on the background of inflammation. The second disease this is not due to gradual and subtle development of degenerative processes.
- Have arthritis, there is pronounced swelling of the tissues. In the case of osteoarthritis, this symptom is absent.
- Inflammation of the cartilage can lead to the formation of subcutaneous nodules. The second disease is not causing this anomaly.
- Arthritis leads to the anatomical deformations. Osteoarthritis, in fact, makes the joint incapable (at the stage).
- When the disease of arthritis there is redness of skin around affected joint. Osteoarthritis is not allocated change of skin pigmentation.
Details of the differences and similar characteristics
Upon closer examination of the symptoms, you can highlight the nuances that help to precisely define the «enemy», hit the joint. Below are the main symptoms basic similar and individual symptoms.
Pain is common to both disease. But since arthritis is associated with inflammation of the joint, pain is an integral part of the course of disease. She has a sharp character. Sometimes patients can feel it at night or in the morning. Pain cause suffering regardless of the nature of human action.
Pain in osteoarthritis is associated with cartilage degeneration and the inability to fully fulfill his destiny. Depreciation and mitigating friction are not performed at the proper level, so the injured bone machine.
The pain is aching and often appears after a long walk, or a different load on the affected joint. In the initial stage the pain may be subtle, but the picture is changing as the progression of the disease.
Both diseases affect the structure of the articular apparatus. Physiological changes with arthritis have more visual character. This:
- the nodule formation;
- redness of the skin;
Arthritis may be accompanied by: psoriasis, excessive sweating and weakness. Only some kinds of disease (traumatic arthritis) can alter the structural design of the anatomical site.
With arthritic manifestations, the exterior of the joint looks like normally, but inside there are irreversible processes. The cartilage layer becomes thinner, leading to an increasing load on the bone tissue.
The inflammatory process
For arthritic manifestations are characteristic swelling in the affected joint.
This is due to the inflammation of the synovial most of the film inside the joint capsule. The blood analysis shows these patients have an elevated white count.
The causes of inflammation may be trauma or infection.
Have osteoarthritis leukocyte mass is normal, due to the absence of an inflammatory process. Degenerative changes occur gradually, often unnoticed by the patient.
The crunch and clicks
Crunchy sounds in the joint serve as a sure sign of osteoarthritis. This is due to wear of the cartilage and painful interaction of bone tissue. In healthy people all the joints sometimes crackle. The difference of the affected area that the sound will be «dry» and «rough.»
Arthritis is not allocated crunch, because the swollen joint is restricted in motion, and it is still the cartilage protects the bone tissue from painful interaction.
Restricting joint unites the symptoms of these diseases. But there is a significant difference in the nature of the violation.
When arthritic pathology the range of motion decreases, but it occurs gradually as abrasion of the cartilage. For arthritis characterized by extensive stiffness, paralyzing the work of the joint. This is due to the swelling and inflammation.
Common and different causes of development
These diseases can develop due to injuries received when jumping or running. Joint disease can provoke a strong and lasting burden. This «professional» heritage of many athletes. Transferred hypothermia is another factor contributing to the development of both diseases.
The difference between the diseases is that arthritis can occur due to infection, trapped in the body, which is not typical for osteoarthritis. It is a common inflammation where the arthritic manifestation is only a consequence, for the treatment which you must find and eliminate the source. Another cause of arthritis can be extra weight overloads the joints daily.
Arthritis is a separate disease that is not associated with General health status. It can develop due to the low quality of food and income insufficient amounts of necessary substances for cartilage. This can contribute to hormonal disturbances and diseases of the circulatory routes, worsening the supply of other tissues. Often the disease is accompanying the elderly.
Arthritis can develop at any age. As a result of the infection, it can affect the joints of even young children. Often they suffer from the beautiful half of humanity, at the age of 35-55 years.
Osteoarthritis is exclusively «elderly» disease. Structural changes in the cartilage occur after 60 years. This is due to the deteriorating process of metabolism and other factors of aging. The owners of arthritis are more susceptible to the development of osteoarthritis.
Overweight, wrong nutrition and heavy load, increase the likelihood of developing both diseases.
About arthritis, arthrosis, their differences and similarities:
Approach to treatment
In the diagnosis of these diseases is assigned in part similar treatment consisting in:
- the establishment of a sparing mode, excluding load on the affected joints;
- medication, nourishes cartilage, and reducing its volume;
- massage combined with physical therapy, ulucami blood flow to the affected area and natural metabolism;
- pain painkillers;
- intra-articular blockade;
- the saturation of the joint with oxygen;
- special set meals.
The difference between the treatment is a course of antibiotics in case of infectious arthritis, in order to remove the cause of disease.
For the arthritic manifestations of the separate remedy of the disease is surgical intervention. This is required in case of total destruction of the cartilage. In such a situation it is replaced by the joint prosthesis.
A summary table which clearly explains what is the difference between arthritis and arthrosis:
As preventive measures, both diseases are the following:
- Reasonable load. Several times a week to make time for exercise from cardio group. It promotes joint mobility, without any extra load, as in the case of lifting weights.
- Not to SuperCool.
- Eat right. The food should be saturated with minerals and vitamins.
- To maintain a healthy weight that will not allow the joints to wear out prematurely.
- To avoid injuries of the joints. To avoid jumping from a great height, and weight lifting.
- In his old age to walk with a cane, which reduces the load on the leg, where it can develop the disease.
- Wear comfortable shoes.
For arthritis prevention will be more rapid diagnosis and treatment of any infectious diseases, they will spread the inflammation to other places.