Arthritis of the fingers — causes, symptoms, treatment of joints

How to treat arthritis fingers

Arthritis – a disease which is characterized by the occurrence of acute inflammation in the various joints or simultaneous failure of several of them. It is observed quite often, especially among elderly people.

The reasons may be different, but the result is increasing pain in the joints and reduce their mobility.

In this case, it is necessary to immediately start treatment, as arthritis causes irreversible changes of almost all joints.

The reasons for the development of the disease

Among the causes of arthritis of the fingers secrete genetic predisposition and viral infections.

The impetus may be any stress: hypothermia, overheating, stress, intoxication during illness, childbirth, breast-feeding etc.

Also provoke the pain can be tendovaginitis and legalentity.

Over time, the cartilage of the joints degenerative changes are observed, they are gradually destroyed, and there is osteoarthritis. In an unhealthy joint may start the inflammation, combined with redness, increase local temperature and swelling.

Also a violation can occur in ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic and reactive lesions of the joints, extrapulmonary tuberculosis, and other disorders.

Today there are several types of arthritis and they all have different origins. Effective treatment is impossible without determining the real causes of its appearance.

There are the following types of diseases:

  • infectious;
  • exchange;
  • rheumatoid;
  • post-traumatic.

Symptoms and signs of disease

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The symptoms of this disease are quite diverse.

Specific are:

  • pain in certain joints of the hands, or all at the same time;
  • the appearance of nodules in the joints;
  • numbness in the fingers;
  • the limitation of the fingers after sleep;
  • swelling of the fingers;
  • weakness in the hands;
  • the curvature of the joint;
  • the skin over the joint is warmer than in the neighboring parts;
  • periodic pain.
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Diagnostic methods

It is impossible to imagine the treatment of arthritis without passing quality inspection.

Such treatment of arthritis of the fingers not only makes sense from a medical point of view, but also very unsafe.

The identification of this violation must necessarily include the examination of the planning history.

Also, the doctor prescribes the blood and urine, biochemistry of blood. If you suspect rheumatoid arthritis is an ultrasound of the organs of the peritoneum and heart. Additionally, it may be the study of rheumatoid factor in the blood.

How to treat arthritis of the fingers?

If a person is worried about joint damage, you should deal with the treatment of provoked diseases. Dependent violations are subject to certain drugs, complex restorative and proactive measures.

This pathology is extremely difficult to be treated. On the choice of means for carrying out of complex treatment is affected by many factors, but in any case the treatment of arthritis of the fingers lasts long enough.

To completely neutralize this violation is now impossible. You can only significantly reduce the speed of the process of joint destruction by means of special preparations.

Today the medication variances is the use of those funds:

  1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They can neutralize the inflammation and eliminate pain in patients with arthritis. This is the most effective means that give quick positive shift without much side effects;
  2. Antibiotics. The action of these drugs aimed at the destruction of infection causing the symptoms of arthritis;
  3. Corticosteroids. Reduce inflammation and inhibit the negative influence of immunity;
  4. Antirheumatic agents.
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In the treatment use physiotherapy. They help to restore blood flow in damaged parts of the joint, and normalize metabolic processes in the body.

As a result, reduces the swelling of joints and pain disappears. The most actively used types of physiotherapy:

  • ultrasound;
  • magnetic therapy;
  • Phono — electrophoresis;
  • exposure to cold;
  • paraffin;
  • ozokeritotherapy.

For the treatment of pain associated with this diagnosis can use folk remedies:

  1. 1 tablespoon birch leaves, nettle and parsley brew 400 ml of water, insist in a closed container for one hour. The resulting composition drink warm 0.5 tbsp. three times a day. The duration of treatment is 2 weeks.
  2. 20 g of birch buds and needles сосны10 days insist in 100 ml of alcohol. Amazed brush warm sea salt, and then RUB the resulting composition. To continue the activities necessary to reduce symptoms.

A huge role in treatment is diet.

Features diet:

  • vegetables and fruits;
  • unprocessed vegetable oil;
  • lean meat;
  • fish;
  • bean;
  • products.

From the sweet, flour, fried and fatty should refrain as these foods cause weight gain, the load on painful joints and strengthening of the manifestations of violations.

Complications

The disease appears due to wear and tear of the body.

Men are several times less likely to suffer from this violation. More than 30% of patients only happens one attack some people suffer from recurrence.

In more severe cases, the wear process of the joints is severe and causes problems with the muscles, impaired blood flow, displacement of joints, the appearance of cones.

In order to get rid of such disorders, you need time to see a doctor and to fulfill all his requirements. Otherwise there can appear various complications to neutralize that would be difficult.

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Preventive methods

The main condition that is taken into account to avoid arthritis hands – not to overcool your pet hands and always keep them warm. When joint pain is already there, you need to make a cold lotion to the affected area.

Don’t need to heat sick joints.

If possible, you can periodically take a bath of soft paraffin. It improves the blood circulation in patients, areas, and also reduces tension in the muscles of the affected area.

Very useful to prevent disease swimming. They provide an opportunity to restrain the development of disease and reduce the pain.

But the best way in this violation will be a visit to a specialist. Only a doctor can give really effective and useful tips to combat the insidious disease.