Arthritis: symptoms and treatment of joint inflammation

Полиартрит: симптомы и лечение воспаления суставов

In the diseased joint cartilage depleted and inflamed

If we are talking about this disease, such as arthritis, refers to inflammation in one of the joints. Arthritis is an inflammation of several joints.

The disease can occur under the influence of various factors, so each patient is different. If diagnosed with «arthritis», treatment should begin immediately.


Causes and symptoms

On the occurrence of arthritis is influenced by such factors as infectious diseases (tuberculosis, syphilis, gonorrhea), abnormal metabolism in the body, allergies, trauma of local character. As you know, the joints and surrounding tissues are composed of a large number of blood vessels and nerves. Because of this reaction to the effects of external and internal factors occur quite quickly. The symptoms and treatment can be different and depend on the type of developing arthritis.

If it is infectious arthritis, which arises under the influence of an infectious disease, its signs are redness and swelling around the joint, limited movement. Rheumatoid arthritis is manifested exceptional sensitivity to weather conditions. On ordinary days the pain is not felt, the swelling of the joint not observed. There is a risk of internal organ involvement and fever. Some patients complain of loss of appetite and weight.Полиартрит: симптомы и лечение воспаления суставов

In children arthritis is most often develops at the age of 2 years. There are joint pain and the inability to carry out movements. Children arthritis is characterized by swollen lymph nodes and a symmetric defeat of joints.


Treatment and prevention of disease

Once diagnosed, indicating that the patient has polyarthritis, should be closely monitored for the appearance of symptoms of the disease. When they are worsening you should immediately contact the hospital. In General, the treatment of arthritis is to remove the factors causing the development of the disease. There are also activities to improve metabolism. Treatment of arthritis includes intake of antihistamines, antibiotics, painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.

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For maximum effect, therapy should be integrated:

  • increased immunity;
  • elimination of inflammation in the joint tissue;
  • the release of the body of toxins;
  • improved nutrition of the joints;
  • getting rid of the pain;
  • stimulation of tissue repair in the joints.

Полиартрит: симптомы и лечение воспаления суставовTo treat arthritis should be under a doctor’s supervision. In no case should not self-medicate. A lot also depends on what kind of doctor treats. The disease in the first stage may rapidly progress and become fatal for the patient if the doctor is incompetent. He must know how to treat and what drugs to use in each individual case.

The disease is treated using laser and shock wave therapy. Provides for the introduction of drugs. In shock wave therapy significantly improves nutrition of articular tissues, increase immunity and ability to regenerate. Laser therapy promotes activation of protective forces of an organism, tissue repair in the joints, stimulates capillary blood circulation, eliminate allergies, and the primary symptoms of the disease. The treatment of polyarthritis in such a radical way is only as a last resort if other methods have not worked properly.

In the treatment and prevention of the disease should reduce the load on the musculoskeletal system. If you are overweight, you need to get rid of it, as it only increases the pressure on sore joints. Physiotherapy helps to reduce pain and swelling. This procedure restores blood flow to damaged tissue, stops the destruction of bone metabolism in the joint.

Physiotherapy reduces pain and inflammation using ultrasound, paraffin applications, curative gymnastics, massage, diathermy. Spa treatment is an important part of a Wellness complex for arthritis.


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Medications

Полиартрит: симптомы и лечение воспаления суставов

Diclofenac is an effective pain medicine

The question of how to treat arthritis medication, many in an impasse. You should know that there are certain drugs that can halt the development of inflammation of the joints and prevent the aging of cartilage. These tools can be divided into several groups.

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications to help reduce inflammation, limit the release of prostaglandins involved in inflammatory processes. These drugs relieve pain and not have a negative impact on the body.
  • Corticosteroids. Give a quick effect in the elimination of pain.
  • Antirheumatic drugs are mostly used to eliminate the factors that provoke the development of arthritis.
  • Methotrexate. This medication is used in the treatment of cancerous tumors, but in high doses. The drug strongly affects the liver, so taking it is only under the close supervision of a physician. Should always take a blood test in order to determine the side effects.
  • Anti-TNF drugs. Inflammation can be caused by tumor necrosis. This group includes drugs to block it. Is infliximab, etanercept, which is administered intramuscularly or intravenously. Remember, however, that after the introduction can appear side effects such as temperature, muscle pain, migraine, chills, etc.
  • The complex, including laser and shock wave therapy and medication that can stop the development of arthritis. Thanks to the above described methods, the constant pain will go away, and health will improve many times over. But it is worth remembering that the disease cannot be cured completely.