Arthrosis of the jaw joint: what is it and how to treat

Артроз челюстного сустава: что это такое и как лечить

Osteoarthritis is quite well-known disease that affects the cartilage of various joints. The initial stage is characterized by a slight aching in the joints. If people do not pay attention to them, then after a few years you can easily be in a wheelchair or on the operating table. Osteoarthritis affects different types of joints, so the effects of the disease may be different.

A disease such as arthritis of the jaw joint, can deprive people of the opportunity to talk, sing, chew food, and even affect the hearing. With age, the incidence of this type of osteoarthritis has been increasing steadily. Patients, celebrated its fiftieth anniversary, this disease occurs in nearly 60 % of cases, and after 70 years, the indicators are moving towards 100 %. Joints can be affected and in children (secondary arthrosis), no one is immune from arthritis and 30 years.

Due to the temporomandibular joint individuals can make several types of movements of the jaw: lower, offset, extension. If it disrupts the mobility of a joint, the person is partially or completely unable to reproduce the sounds (talking, singing), eat, make chewing movements. These problems are accompanied by pain syndrome. There are phenomena such as yawning or sneezing.

Why and where it hurts when the jaw osteoarthritis

In this disease often have pain. This is due to the fact that the tissues that form the joint (cartilage, bone and connective) become very thin. For this reason, the jaw is functioning is limited. Here are a few groups of factors, which for various reasons may contribute to the development of the disease:

  • surgery and injuries of the jaw;
  • dental problems: malocclusion, absence of teeth (fully or partially);
  • a genetic factor;
  • chronic inflammation in the joint;
  • the proportions of the facial contours.
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Артроз челюстного сустава: что это такое и как лечить

Primary arthrosis of maxillofacial joint occurs closer to 40 years, and more often in women than in men. Osteoarthritis can occur completely painless for diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease or metabolic disorders. Secondary osteoarthritis is the result of trauma, impaired vascular system or of various pathologies. This form can occur even in children.

What are the symptoms you need to pay attention

What symptoms accompany the jaw osteoarthritis? Threat signals are the following problems:

  • Pain when chewing on one side of the jaw (provided that no of the patients teeth and sharp of tooth decay).
  • Crunching or clicking while various types of movements of the jaw.
  • Pain syndrome after prolonged stress (speaking, singing, chewing) or, on the contrary, after a period of inactivity (night sleep).
  • Change of hearing acuity (concomitant symptom).
  • Change of motor activity of the jaw (hard to open mouth wide).
  • Painful symptoms of jaw muscles with pressure (may spread to the entire jaw, eyes or ears).
  • Артроз челюстного сустава: что это такое и как лечить

    The disease should not be ignored. Find at least two symptoms should be referred to a specialist for further diagnosis. For confirmation of symptoms and an accurate diagnosis, your doctor may prescribe the patient with the characteristics of osteoarthritis x-rays and a CT scan.

    Arthrosis of the jaw joint requires combination therapy, which is determined by the stage of development of the disease. So, at the initial stage of osteoarthritis is treatable through diet, a correct regimen, and various physiotherapeutic procedures. Restrictions are imposed on long conversations and singing. Will have to get rid of bad habits: do not want to use chewing gum or nail biting.

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    But, unfortunately, the patient often delays treatment to the doctor, and then usually have to resort to drug treatment, orthopaedic correction or surgical intervention. These methods not only eliminate the symptoms. Is the impact on the joint itself, followed by a full recovery.

    Diet and regime is very important for treatment of osteoarthritis of the jaw joint. As the main task of the doctor or nutritionist is to reduce the load on the joint, the menu of the patient will prevail liquid food or soft food that require less effort when chewing. Menu is a balanced food: cereal, soups, fruits, vegetables, fish. Another thing is the cooking method.

    Fruits and vegetables for the patient with osteoarthritis of the jaw can be crushed on a grater, in a blender, bake in the oven. Meat is served in the ground: cutlets, meatballs.

    Physiotherapy and medication

    The list of physiotherapeutic procedures determined by the treating physician based on symptoms. This takes into account what the patient has lesion of the jaw joint (the type of the disease, its stage). Most often to cure the disease used ultrasound and laser therapy, electrophoresis, microwave therapy and the dynamic current.

    Also needed medication. For the treatment of osteoarthritis using two groups of drugs. The first is the various pain relievers that reduce pain. These include ketarol, Ketanov, ibuprofen and others. The second group provides the power of cartilage to restore its functionality. For this purpose chondroprotectors: teraflex, hondrolon, chondroitin and others. The treatment should not be discontinued, even if symptoms disappear.

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    In case of arthrosis of the jaw joint and orthopedic methods are used, such as:

    • correction of teeth and their shape;
    • changing bite;
    • the restoration of the functions of the maxillo-temporal joint.

    For the treatment of osteoarthritis of the jaw joint using plates (for the sky and for nadkusyvat), special limiters mouth, mouth guard. If the above methods do not help and the disease progresses, it is surgically remove the joint or part thereof, as a replacement for putting the implant.