Baker’s cysts of the knee: causes and treatment

A Baker’s cyst (also called hernia or bursitis popliteal fossa) is a dense elastic tumor formation in the upper corner of the popliteal fossa. The disease was first diagnosed in the nineteenth century, doctor Baker, in his name and was named this pathology. Approximately 50% of the people under the knee between the tendons of the gastrocnemius muscle and preperitoneal a so-called marsheila bag (a normal anatomical structure). If in the knee joint develops inflammation, accompanied by an increase in the number of synovial fluid, it penetrates into mishail the bag and causes it to increase – this is the Baker’s cyst.
Киста Бейкера коленного сустава: причины и лечение

Often a Baker’s cyst affects both knees. The causes of this disease several. In particular, it may be accompanied by arthritis or osteoarthritis. A particular danger is rupture of Baker’s cyst.

Some experts believe that the appearance of the cyst contributes to the inevitable and irreversible process of aging. However, this view is debatable, because the disease affects not only the elderly. And the reasons lie not only in aging.



Diagnosis of Baker’s cyst

As for symptoms, they in this disease is controversial. Moreover, they may not be at all, and then the person does not know that he develops a serious illness. Yes, and a little swelling in the knee fossa, as a rule, not serious. Even at the reception in the clinic inexperienced doctor may not give it value.

However, if the swelling is large enough, then already at the initial examination, the doctor may assume it is a Baker’s cyst. As a rule, in this case, there is pain in the knee joint, limitation of its mobility. The patient feels discomfort during movement.

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In the treatment of disease to the physician, it is important to prevent rupture, because ruptured cysts can cause severe swelling of the lower leg, to cause thrombosis. By the way, tear and deep vein thrombosis difficult to distinguish from each other. In the diagnostic process, the physician often uses ultrasound, but the most effective is an MRI. The fever, increase in temperature, the doctor sends the patient for further blood tests to rule out more serious diseases. To confirm the diagnosis, as a rule, appoint puncture fluid popliteal joint.

Treatment of cyst is not only a surgeon, but the orthopedic surgeon. And best of all, when these professionals work together in solving the problem. A Baker’s cyst should be treated, because in the future the patient’s condition may worsen and the disease will develop very quickly.

The knee joint is one of the most important for the life of the human body.


Treatment of tumors below the knee

A popliteal cyst often resolves on its own without special treatment. However, this does not always happen. On the background of the underlying disease it can stay in the knee for several years, causing a lot of discomfort. In this case, medical intervention is required:

  • The doctor carries out the treatment of the underlying disease (arthritis, arthrosis, meniscus injury), against which is and treatment of Baker’s cyst. Usually assigned medication (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
  • Mandatory physical therapy and gymnastics, that is physiotherapy, which includes exercises. They help to strengthen the muscle ligament of the knee. Exercises can be performed independently at home.

Киста Бейкера коленного сустава: причины и лечение

The tumor in the knee is filled with synovial fluid

If the treatment does not bring noticeable relief, the cyst can be removed. For this purpose its size should be large enough. It is already operative treatment, which experts tend not to use. The doctor may go for surgery in case when other means do not help, when the Baker’s cyst of the knee joint is large, there is a tenderness.

Such operation is not considered difficult, it lasts no more than half an hour. Then on the foot plaster bandage and prescribe a rest period of 10 days. After removing the stitches, the knee has to acquire its former mobility. Today, such operations do, both in public and in private clinics, so the removal of Baker’s cyst of the knee joint should not cause problems.

Do not forget about the treatment folk remedies. With this diagnosis it is allowed and can bring good results.

Take his assistant Golden mustache, celandine and burdock. They are recognized as the most effective plants for the treatment of formations. Make compresses with these plants, apply bandages on the painful area.