Bandage for the hand, its features and functions
Bondage is a method of conservative treatment and one of the options immobilization (immobilization) when injuries of the hand and its separate structures. Depending on the level of the injury, its severity and lesions of various anatomical structures, respectively, apply different types of bandages. Still in the medical community debated the question, what is better: a bandage or plaster bandage. The solutions let’s look at the device bands, their strengths and weaknesses.
Indications for use of the product
To use the locking shoulder brace indications include fractures of the anatomical or surgical neck of the humerus, violation of the integrity of the clavicular-acromial joint. Also this sling for shoulder is effective for postoperative immobilization in region of shoulder joint deforming arthrosis, postoperative period after installation of the endoprosthesis, individual and habitual dislocations.
Shoulder patch for fixation on the abductor pillow while torn ligaments of the shoulder, dislocations of the humerus, inflammation in this region, degenerative diseases. The bandage according to the type of scarves is indicated for full and partial dislocations of both shoulder and elbow joint, tears of the ligaments of the shoulder and elbow, post-operative rehabilitation.
Bandage type bandage Desault used when the fracture of the humerus and the proximal ulna, fracture of the clavicle without displacement, injury of the shoulder and elbow joints, deforming arthrosis.
Bandage that provides fixation of wrist joint, which also limits the brush, indicated for the violation of the integrity of ligaments and injuries of the joint and the period after surgery in this area. Also it is suitable for fractures of the distal radius and ulna, diseases and syndromes that affect the wrist joint and contractures.
The device and the mechanism of action of the striker
Fixing bandage for the shoulder joint consists of elastic fabric and straps. Elastic fabric fits over and compresses the structures of the shoulder, while the straps provide a fixation and immobilization of the joint. The single strap makes two rounds (girth) around the elastic part, and further along the anterior surface of the thorax and on the upper edge of the pectoral muscle is directed to a metal ring. The second belt consists of two parts that go on the edges of the elastic bandage, at its end connected to one strap which goes on the back, the scapula and fixed to the rear metal ring. Front and rear ring are connected to each other via a belt that goes through the trapezius muscle. This design provides a reduction of shoulder and limiting his mobility in all directions.
Bandage for the shoulder to fix the hands on the abductor pillow gives the ability to immobilize the shoulder, the elbow and the location of the pillow provides abduction of the upper limb. Support arm brace with cushion by converting allows to achieve the optimal state of the damaged structures for a more rapid and effective treatment and rehabilitation. It consists of a triangular bandage and cushion, which is fixed at the waist with a belt.
Supporting bandage according to the type of scarves is:
- armrest made of thick fabric;
- a fixation belt.
One strap runs obliquely on the anterior surface of the chest to back and back to the armrest.
The bandage according to the type of dezo is one of the most popular and versatile when hand injuries. It provides a complete limitation of motion of the elbow and shoulder joints. Support unit is located along the forearm and two straps go from the front, through the trapezius muscle and through the back of the back are fixed at the bottom. The third strap goes horizontally across the middle third of the humerus, and then over the back and axillary region to the front surface of the chest.
The wrist bandage semi-rigid based is from the border of the middle and lower third of the forearm up to the interphalangeal joint. Provides fixation and maintains the brush.
The pros and cons of brace
The main positive sides of bandages for injuries of the upper limb include the possibility of individual regulation of the product and ease when wearing it. Due to the possibility to change the degree of fixation in accordance with the dynamics of recovery provided by its versatility. Quality materials from which it is made, ensures durability and multiple use of the product.
Thanks to recent advances in the development of tissues bandages:
- eliminates discomfort during extended use;
- do not violate the physiology of the skin;
- withdrawn excess moisture;
- ensure the skin breath.
Elasticity creates additional pressure to be the muscles, which reduces their stress and swelling of the tissues. The product, in addition to additional functions, performs the bulk – immobilization. Also provides immobility fractures and does not produce dangerous movements in the joints of the hands, that warns against the displacement of the damaged structures.
The main negative feature of the bandage is able to take it off. Due to this, most patients can not stand the time of immobilization, remove it ahead of time under the pretext of taking a shower and for other reasons. This violates the plan of treatment, reduces its effectiveness and often leads to re-traumatization and increase the length of immobilization 2 times.
The most dangerous and least rare complication when removing the brace ahead of time is the impossibility of conservative treatment and subsequent surgery. Due to this, the majority of trauma tend to impose the same form casts, which are not so convenient. Also minus brace compared to a plaster cast is their cost.
With adequate and responsible approach to treatment and under the advice of a physician for the duration of wearing orthopedic bandage of this product is the best tool to immobilize his hands.