Bandages for the knee joint: types, causes and rules of carrying

Бандажи для коленного сустава: виды, причины и правила ношения

People can make an infinite number of actions, not getting stuck in the process due to the structure of the joints. Often people just do not pay attention to what stress they put your body, and begin to cherish it only when you have problems with health. The reasons for these problems can be different: injuries, illnesses, excessive exercise. Most often affects the knees. To minimize soreness, patients wear the bandages for the knee joint. Such dressings facilitate the movement and help to rehabilitate.

Avoiding the use of brace at the knee joint can result in unpleasant consequences. If the ligamentous apparatus is malfunctioning, that is, the probability of dislocation. This will cause tears and bleeding in the ligaments. The result can be obtained more serious injuries. The use of a sports brace increases the strength and stability of the knee joint, prevents subluxation and bleeding in the muscles.


Causes of knee pain

Most often, pain in the knee joints tested by athletes. The people who are energetic and agile sports often get a variety of injuries. If the training process is not well-balanced, there is a risk of minor injury or sprain that can lead to serious consequences. In order to avoid them, patients are assigned a bandage for the knee joint.

Those who are overweight, the pain too familiar. In this case, the human body is unable to cope with the increased load. Usually such patients assigned physical therapy. Quite often injuries and damage to the knee joints come to those who lift weights or a long time in one position. In the category of patients who suffer from knee pain, are pregnant women. In this case, painful feelings are more connected with hormonal changes.

There are several symptoms that can serve as a signal for a visit to the doctor. Most often it is the crunch in the knees, indicating that the joints are not in the best condition. Frequent long-lasting pain after any physical activity and instability when walking, the signs of disturbance of the knee joint.


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The types of devices for fixing

There are several types of fixtures.

  • Elastic bandages.
  • A soft bandage.
  • Reinforced clips.
  • The splints.
  • Soft dressings are often made from natural fabrics (knit). In order for the lock to be able to support the foot and repeated her form bandages are added high-tech fibers. Before the invention of these tires used a conventional elastic bandage, but its application has not always been easy. Such a bandage could at any moment to slide, or, conversely, very peredelyvala leg.

    Бандажи для коленного сустава: виды, причины и правила ношения

    Orthopaedic fixator for the elbow

    Modern soft bandage does not irritate the skin, very light and durable. This bandage has a medium level of support. In his design there are no springs or special brackets. Elastic sports bandage should not be used for complete immobilization of the knee joint. The main function of this armband — the improvement of blood circulation. Most often it is used for sprains or sprain. In these cases, is imposed on the knee joint of elastic bandage.

    Reinforced ties at the moment, the most convenient to use. They are made of durable and elastic synthetic material that takes the shape of your foot and not be deformed after use. This unit has small openings that allow the skin to breathe freely. Such models are fastened with special belts and have bones for greater rigidity and confident fixation.

    The area of the bandage around the knee has extra cushions and inserts made of silicone. Such structures provide a strong, secure fit. Appointed like a stick in the main to relieve pain and provide support to the knee. Most of these bandages are used for arthritis, joint inflammations, chronic diseases.

    Splints are complex structures. They include fasteners, hinges, metal and plastic inserts. In these devices, you can select the degree of fixation of the joint and change it as needed.

    Splints come in different shapes and sizes, have a sufficiently rigid frame and provide maximum fixation. They are usually prescribed after a serious sprain or surgery as a tool that assists in rehabilitation.


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    The reasons for the application of an orthosis

    Бандажи для коленного сустава: виды, причины и правила ношения

    Athletic bandage is used primarily for prevention during significant physical exertion. Not always the human body is able to withstand them, he needed help. In this case, the bandage on the knee joint is worn to protect feet from possible injury and damage. Use these armbands are mostly athletes and people who engage in heavy physical labor.

    Athletic bandage is necessary for patients who already have damage to the joint. In the presence of any pathological deformations of the retainer support injured ligament of the patient. This gives you the opportunity to avoid further deformation of muscles and injuries. Such support would not only reduce the pain, dislocation of joint, but will prevent the formation of edema.

    One of the main objectives bandage retainer — motion limitation of the knee joint. The device will eliminate the extra physical activity during rehabilitation after surgery and serious injury. In this case, the bandage on the knee joint — the best alternative to the uncomfortable plaster.

    Unloading of joints is one of the main factors in the use of retaining devices. Diseases such as arthritis or arthrosis, accompanied by severe pain. When using the brace, they significantly reduced. The longer articular cartilage will be in a state of rest, the faster he will recover. In this case, is slowed down and the development of inflammatory processes.

    Бандажи для коленного сустава: виды, причины и правила ношения

    There are instances in which wearing a brace is necessary.

  • A knee injury mild to moderate severity (sprains or dislocations).
  • Inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions of the joints (arthritis, arthrosis, synovitis).
  • Predisposition to patellar dislocation, or fusion.
  • Disease Shlyattera-Osgood.
  • Rehabilitation after surgeries or severe injuries.
  • Prevention of injuries for athletes and people whose work involves lifting heavy loads.
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    Rules of the band

    Contraindications to the wearing of bandages of the knee joint following.

  • Acute injury in which you are not allowed to do thermal treatments.
  • Inflammation and diseases of the skin in the area of the knee.
  • Thrombophlebitis of the veins in the area of wearing the brace.
  • Allergic to the material from which made the bandages.
  • Only a podiatrist can prescribe you the right treatment and find the right bandage. Try to do it yourself is not worth it. Retentive bandage for the knee joint needs to be matched by the specialist, taking into account all characteristics of your diagnosis. Sporting a brace can not substitute comprehensive medical treatment. This is only an additional method, which helps to cope with pain and swelling.

    Wear a bandage every day, but the duration of wearing during the day should be determined by the doctor. With any physical activity, including the implementation of physical therapy to remove the pressure bandage is undesirable. On the contrary, exercises performed, when the damaged knee wearing a brace will be more effective.

    Do not tighten the bandage too tightly, but ensure that it is firmly fixed. Remember that the bandage must support the foot, and not to hurt her. It is important to not peretasoval vessels and do not interfere with the blood flow.