Brace lumbar: classification and characteristics of destination
Orthopedic appliances, such as a lumbar brace and a variety of corsets that are required to create a strong or moderate compression in the lower back. Compression helps to solve various problems, among which a special place belongs to the following:
- maintaining a normal arrangement of bodies in their descent;
- strengthening the weakened muscles of the abdominal region;
- preventing the formation of hernias, including lumbosacral;
- reducing the load exerted on the lumbar region is in the process of carrying a child.
How to choose a back brace
Corsets can be used for fixation of the lumbosacral and cervical and thoracic. Among all the varieties of braces the most common is the lumbar brace. Orthopedic corset is a medical belt made of breathable, elastic fabric. It enclosing a special ribs which can be made of plastic or metal. Brace for lumbosacral belt is intended for its fixing on the housing.
The selection of a corset it should be approached with great responsibility, as the mismatched model is able to exacerbate the existing problems of the musculoskeletal system. Key parameters when selecting a lumbar brace are the following.
Types of corsets-bandages
The medical industry produces several types of bandages. Each of them helps to solve certain tasks. Distinguish corsets:
Orthopedic bandages klassificeret in accordance with the sections of the spine for which they are intended. The most commonly used orthoses are for fixing the lumbar and thoracic spine. Among the corset-bandages widespread following.
Function of lumbar orthoses
The bandage is indispensable in the event of ailments of the back. The use of an orthosis has beneficial effects on the musculoskeletal system and promotes a speedy recovery. The lumbar corset is currently the most popular. This situation is due to several reasons, main among them — the overvoltage, excessive load, incorrect posture, maintaining a passive lifestyle, injuries of the spine.
The band is the subject of personal hygiene. It is made of environmental and hygienic material, wash in warm water. Ribs hold the shape of the corset and ensures the fixation of the case when giving him the correct position. The main objective of the stiffeners brace is the removal or proper distribution of the loads experienced by the musculoskeletal system. Good and proper fixation to prevent the displacement of the vertebrae, ensuring conservation of motor activity of man.
The use of almost all types of tires similar, however, the function each of them different. Much depends on the type and degree of development of the disease. Lumbar suffering from such ailments as hernias, sprains and strains and pinched nerves. The use of corsets allows you to avoid the formation of hernias, which are caused by excessive load and lifting weights. The brace performs the role of support, helping to reduce muscle tension. In addition, it helps to relieve fatigue and eliminate pinched nerves.
The basic functions of a lumbar corset with semi-rigid design:
- external fixation of the lumbosacral spine;
- ensuring partial discharge of the affected area;
- protection of muscle from excessive stress;
- create a massage and warming effect.
Tight corset is prescribed by a doctor-rehabilitologist or trauma as part of therapy for recovery after injury. The orthosis needed to compensate for the load on the affected area of the spine. Tasks tight corset: protection from vertebral displacement and acceleration of rehabilitation processes.
There are a number of corsets with variable stiffness. They can be used for fixing lumbar, lumbosacral and thoracic spine.
Fixtures for other divisions of the spine
The main functions of rigid thoracolumbar brace are:
- stabilization and lower lumbar;
- pain in the spine;
- unloading of the muscles of the back.
These orthoses are used in the initial phase of recovery after injury, as a preventive and for treatment of diseases of the thoracolumbar region of the spine.
Functions of lumbosacral brace:
- stabilizirovannyi lumbosacral;
- to restore mobility;
- eliminate back pain;
- reducing the load on the spine during intensive physical labor.
Lumbosacral corsets can be rigid or semirigid. Such designs help with sciatica and spinal hernia. Brace for lumbosacral used in rehabilitation period after injuries of the spine.
In addition to the cuts to the lumbar and thoracic regions of the spine, there are bandages, fixing the neck. This type of orthopedic fixture is applied after injury of the cervical. The neck brace allows to stop the pain.
Corset helps to relieve pressure off the spine in the cervical and relieve from muscle tension. This type of brace provides limited mobility of the neck, helps to normalize the functioning of the nervous system and blood supply. Has a soft design, and it has a warming massage effect.
Bandages for the cervical spine are available in several forms. Their design depends on the disease in which they are applied. The neck brace is able to provide moderate or hard fixing. The use of such an orthosis allows to improve the results of treatment and preventive measures aimed at freedom from disease or injury.
The advantages of the application of the brace for cervical spine:
- the possibility of using at home;
- strengthening of the neck muscles and intervertebral discs;
- low cost;
- the durability of the structure;
- therapeutic efficacy that allows you to refuse the use of certain medications.
Pneumaticity: features and functions
Pneumaticity are used to fix and reduce mobility of the spine. The use of such a brace helps to restore the spaces between the vertebrae. When creating pressure in the cavity of the corset provides support for the spine.
The expansion of the cavities is vertical in order to increase the intervertebral gap, to fix the vertebrae and prevent movement. The use of pneumaticity can relieve the back muscles, relax them. This effect improves blood circulation, innervation, and muscle structures. As a result of applying the brace decreases pain syndrome.
The main functions of pneumaticity are relief the pain associated with physical activity and preventive effects in osteochondrosis, scoliosis, spondylosis, and herniated. The latch is applied and if the violations of posture.