Bursitis of the hip: symptoms, causes and treatment
Bursitis of the hip is an inflammation of the periarticular synovial bags. This pouch, or Bursa, is a small-size cavity with a small amount of liquid. The disease occurs due to injuries or physical overload of muscles and tendons. The development of the disease is facilitated by such factors as immobility, hypothermia, excess weight and a significant difference in leg length.
Structure and pathology of the joint
Muscles of the hip joint is attached to the bony protrusion, which is located on the femur. Call it a large spit, from the top it is covered with a synovial Bursa. For various reasons it may be inflammation, leading to the development of bursitis of the hip joint.
The structure of the joint implies the presence of a second synovial Bursa, ilio-comb or ilio-lumbar. They are on the inner side of the thigh bone. Another, sciatic bag is located at the buttock, in the place where the attached muscles. These Bursa act as shock absorber between bones and soft tissues.
When inflammation of the Bursa causes pain extending into the groin area. The disease can lead to the braking friction of the muscles on the tendons. However, pathology can manifest in various ways. Trochanteric bursitis among all forms of the disease the most common. Methods of treatment of any disease are exactly the same.
Bursitis of the hip joints most often occurs in sportsmen and women of middle and old age.
The types of diseases and their manifestations
Inflamed individuals all 3 bags. Based on what occurred the lesion, there are 3 types of the disease.
The main symptom of diseases of the hip joints — pain that spreads to the outer surface of the thigh. At an early stage of the disease it is more acute and intense. Strengthening of pain in the region of the hip joint occurs most often at night, after long lying of the patient on the side, where there is inflammation of the joint. The same situation occurs after long walks and exercise.
Diagnosis of bursitis requires a full examination, with particular attention paid to the causes of pain and sensitivity region on the protruding bone sections.
The main reasons for the development of the disease
Possible causes of bursitis:
- injuries of the thigh bone or protruding sections;
- excessive load on the joint, and recurring motion;
- a significant difference of length of lower extremities;
- pathology of the spine;
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- the presence of salt deposits in tendons and the formation of osteophytes.
Treatment of bursitis is based on providing joint rest, physical therapy and taking anti-inflammatory drugs. Effective physiotherapy treatments such as electrophoresis and ultrasound. After the diagnosis of the disease, the doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, based on the individual characteristics of the patient. As soon as will be eliminated pain, bursitis begin to heal with the help of special exercises. The complex of therapeutic exercises is chosen based on the specific form of the disease.
The goal of physical therapy in bursitis is to restore the health of the joint and the muscles that surround the inflamed bag. To surgery when inflammation of the Bursa of the hip joint is resorted to rarely.