Bursitis of the knee: symptoms, causes, treatment

Бурсит коленного сустава: симптомы, причины, лечение

The tumor in the knee joint of the patient

Every day we do many things: go to work, walk, do sports. And everywhere there is a risk of injury: in transport, in the street, at home. Often injuries go unnoticed, but sometimes the result is bursitis of the knee — inflammation of the synovial Bursa. How it looks, you can look at photo 1.

Synovium, she’s a Bursa is a pocket located in the soft tissues of the knee are filled with fluid. Around the knee has three Bursa. But what is bursitis of the knee, how it arises and what methods treated? You should understand.

There are several varieties of the disease.

  • Suprapatellar bursitis of the knee develops in the synovial bag, which is located directly below the knee, so it is also called a popliteal. Most often it is the result of trauma.
  • Prepatellar knee bursitis affects the Bursa.
  • Of Baker’s Cyst. In this case we are talking about inflammation within the synovial bags.
  • Infrapatellar bursitis can develop in the large Bursa under the tendon of the Cup.

  • The causes of the disease

    Among the causes of disease there are three main:

    • knee injuries;
    • increased load on the knee joint (during sports, overweight, long standing on the knees);
    • infection.

    Бурсит коленного сустава: симптомы, причины, лечение

    A knee injury triggers the formation of tumors

    Most often bursitis of the knee occurs when knee injuries. At least — as a consequence of inflammatory diseases of the joints. Call other reasons: repetition of monotonous movements, metabolic disorders, allergies and inflammatory processes in the body.

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    What are the symptoms of bursitis of the knee? As practice shows, they can be very diverse. Contact your doctor immediately if:

    • there was pain in knees;
    • decreased mobility of a joint;
    • redness, swelling and other similar symptoms of bursitis;
    • significantly weakened muscles;
    • there is a rise in temperature of the skin;
    • raised body temperature.

    To diagnose bursitis of the knee allow, these types of studies as x-ray, ultrasound, CT, MRI. If the disease has symptoms, then take puncture for the study of synovial fluid.

    The treatment of the disease

    If the bursitis is infectious in nature or is the result of an injury, treatment should start as soon as possible to prevent complications and disease transition in the chronic form. Therapeutic interventions begin with limitations in motor activity of the knee joint. On doctor’s decision imposed a retentive bandage, langeda. At the advanced stage of the disease is assigned bed rest. Then appointed to the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.

    If bursitis knee joint inflammation, there is a drainage to drain the pus. If no improvement surgery performed by bunion surgery. This treatment ends, as by eliminating the inflammation, it is necessary to fix the result and to restore mobility of the joint. Usually used for this:

    • physical therapy;
    • manual therapy;
    • massage;
    • physiotherapy.

    It should be noted that it is possible to use folk remedies (decoctions and poultices), but such therapy must be coordinated with the attending physician. The main thing in treatment — timely access to a specialist, there will be more chances to cure the disease without consequences.

    To prevent relapses is recommended the wearing of the fixing of bandages. In addition, you need gentle load, frequent interruptions, if it overloaded my knees.