Cancer of the hip: symptoms, treatment of tumors and metastases of the pelvis
Cancer of the hip tumor with a poor prognosis
Cancer affect not only tissue organs: they also extend to bone and joint structures.
Cancer of the hip joint – a tumor that progresses rapidly and spreads to nearby tissues and organs. Despite the rare prevalence (1% from other types of cancerous lesions of the body), the disease can cause death.
General characteristics of education
The tumor of the hip joint is extremely dangerous: it can not be expressed in any of the symptoms until such time as will not metastasize. Education often identify in children, adolescents and young people up to 20 years.
The area of the hip joint hit the tumor, Ewing sarcoma and chondrosarcoma. The first of these is the most dangerous, attribute it to varieties of giant cell tumor. During its formation the affected area of bone structures of deformed. The disease is characterized by severe clinical picture already at the stage when the tumor metastasizes.
Learn more about the types of tumors that can affect the thigh area:
- Tumor Ewing’s. The most aggressive type of neoplasm that affects the joints and bone structure with a high rate of metastasis. Usually diagnosed in patients between the ages of 10 to 15 years. May be limited or metastatic. At the stage of metastasis of Ewing’s sarcoma affects the bone marrow and bone tissue, and lung tissue.
- Sarcoma. It is considered a fairly rare variety of tumors that affect the hip area. The tumor is a compound of the ligaments of the major joints, synovial membranes and muscular tissues. Sarcoma causes impaired growth and development of cells. According to statistics, this species is more commonly found in women under the age of 40 years. First and foremost sarcoma metastasizes to the lungs, then to the bones and lymph nodes.
- Chondrosarcoma. Such a tumor in the hip bone area detected mainly in patients aged 30 to 60 years of age and in adolescents. The degree of malignancy of chondrosarcoma is quite low, with timely treatment prognosis is favorable. However, it is not excluded the probability of transition to a malignant stage.
Regardless of what kind of tumor is diagnosed in a patient, to begin the process of treatment is necessary as soon as possible.
The causes and mechanism of development of tumors
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A tumor affecting the hip joint, occurs under the influence of the following factors:
- predisposition due to genetic characteristics;
- pathological changes occurring during fetal development;
- damage to the bone, which was not adjusted properly;
- inflammatory processes in the bone tissue, with chronic in nature;
- residence in areas with elevated content of radioactive substances in the atmosphere;
- the effect of chemical substances on the body (especially phosphorus and beryllium);
- cancer of the hip occurs as a result of leg injuries;
- the passage of the radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
The clinical picture stage by stage
Cancer of the joints of the hip develops in several stages:
- Starting when the tumor size does not exceed 9 cm, and the aggressiveness of the pathology is quite low.
- Second. The tumor is growing, it is larger than 9 cm. This stage is characteristic of the average degree of aggressiveness.
- Third. At this stage there is a fracture of the tumorous limbs.
- Fourth. The neoplastic process is occurring on a massive scale, it begins the process of metastasis. Metastases reach the various organs, lymph nodes, and even penetrate into the bloodstream. The fourth stage of cancer of the hip gives the most unfavorable prognosis.
Secondary tumor process also occurs very frequently, making the development of cancerous tumors in the hip region is extremely dangerous.
The danger is that the first stage of cancer of the hip joint, for which treatment is still possible, and do not have symptoms. On the third and fourth stages with the rapid growth of the tumor and formation of metastases are such characteristic signs:
- unexplained fever (up to 38 degrees);
- feeling of weakness;
- reduction of body weight;
- pain in region of hip joint;
- swelling of tissues surrounding the joint;
- lameness in one leg;
- pain that occurs during movement.
If education had metastasized, the patient can mark the intensity of pain, significant deterioration of the General condition, increased susceptibility to sprains and fractures, and bleeding into the joint cavity.
To identify the tumor of the hip using the following methods of diagnostics:
- x-ray to obtain a General picture of the condition of the joint;
- magnetic resonance imaging for more detailed research involved in a cancerous process of the tissues;
- computed tomography to determine the structure of pathological tissues and the extent of their prevalence;
- histological and cytological studies.
The sooner will be revealed pathology, the more chances to prevent the likelihood of metastasis.
Methods of treatment and prognosis
For the treatment of cancer TZB use three typical methods:
- Surgery. Altered tissue and the healthy part of excised together with the regional lymph nodes. In the case of a running of the pathological process are amputated limbs – this allows you to save the patient’s life.
- Radiation therapy. X-rays of high activity are applied at an early stage of the disease.
- Chemotherapy. This technique is required before carrying out a radical intervention to reduce the size of the cancer or stop its growth due to the destruction of cancer cells.
The two last methods are not used as independent, they are only a Supplement to surgical treatment. During rehabilitation the patient is recommended the medical gymnastic exercises, massage. Perhaps the use of support and fixing devices (prostheses, bandage).
The outcome of the pathological process depends on what stage of development identified was education. Also important is the variety of the tumor. If the cancer was diagnosed early, and treatment is started promptly, survive about 80% of all patients. If there are metastases, this figure falls to 50%.
Within 5 years after treatment the patient requires regular clinical examination.
How to reduce the risk
Specific prophylaxis of tumor diseases of the hip joint missing. To reduce the risk of development of malignant process is possible if the time to consult a specialist in injuries of the pelvic area. Also you should follow a healthy lifestyle, eat right, exercise.
The risk of pathology is that it is asymptomatic up until the tumor will not metastasize. To avoid late detection, it is recommended to undergo regular medical examinations, especially if the patient has a tendency to develop cancer.