Cervical dislocation: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
Retraites — so in medicine is called the displacement of the vertebrae (pathology, characterized by the violation of the provisions of one or more vertebrae). The shift can be recognized by several symptoms, such as headache, insomnia, nervous breakdowns. However, accurate diagnosis will require further examination, as pain, which are the main symptom of the disease, may indicate other diseases (osteochondrosis, injuries, disc herniation). Ailments associated with disorders in the cervical spine, should be treated immediately after their revelation, as the consequences can be unpredictable and heavy.
The symptomatology is as follows: in addition to the pain in the neck, the patient observed a significant reduction of skin sensitivity, dysfunction of internal organs, disturbances in the autonomic system. Thus, a clinical picture characteristic of retrolisthesis. If you find at least one of these symptoms, you should immediately consult a specialist. The sooner you start treatment, the more chances to avoid serious consequences.
Self-medication in this case is contraindicated, as the consequences can be severe. The diagnosis can put only a doctor. Who is at risk? First of all, it is worth mentioning that cervical dislocation is not an age-related disease, i.e. it occurs in adults and in children. Pathology can be congenital or acquired. It is not excluded offsets after birth trauma. Usually newborns is one of the most common pathologies.
What are the risks of the displacement of the vertebrae of the neck
As a result of displacement of one or more vertebrae narrowed intervertebral canal, zaselyalsya the spinal nerve roots, the spinal cord is pinched. Thus, there are problems not only with the spine, but with some bodies. Sometimes the displacement of the cervical vertebrae may fail several systems in the body.
Among the most common causes of displacements of the vertebrae of the cervical spine are:
- different kinds of injuries;
- the body’s response to external factors;
- the occurrence of spasms in the muscles;
- of the tumor.
Being in an uncomfortable position for a long period plays an important role in the development of pathology. In children the cause of displacement often are the trauma of childbirth and the dramatic throwing back of the head. Any wrong move can lead to various injuries of the neck, as at an early age have not yet formed all the joints, bones and vertebrae.
An adult can trigger this pathology, if you fall on your back with the crowding of the head. If you go to the doctor immediately after the injury, the displacement of the cervical vertebrae can be cured in a short time.
Symptoms and diagnosis
Insidious disease is that its symptoms do not manifest immediately. Even neck pain caused by spasms of the neck muscles and irritation of spinal nerves can occur after some time. At first, they appear only after exercise, then the intensity gradually increases.
But changes in the internal organs begin immediately after there has been a shift. A number of signs will help you recognize the disease. When there is a shift of the cervical vertebrae, headaches, fatigue, weakness in the limbs (particularly with regard to the hands), rhinitis, laryngitis, problems with eyesight and hearing, disturbed sleep. The shift of the third vertebra accompanied by the presence of pimples and blackheads, eczema, as well as neuritis and neuralgia. The offset of the fourth vertebra causes the consequences, such as hay fever, hearing loss, Qatar. As you have seen, the consequences depend on the location of the vertebra. Each of the seven vertebrae responsible for any of the functions in the body.
Thus, a few months later, the patient may complain of hearing loss or the occurrence of neuralgia. Accordingly, the treat will be that sick and disturbing. But if the focus lies in the displacement of the cervical vertebrae, such treatment will be useless. As the overall clinical picture of the disease is known, a skilled surgeon will always put the correct diagnosis. Thus, in the presence of one or more symptoms on the background of injuries of the spine (or one of its departments), you must immediately see a doctor.
Diagnosis is made after verbal questioning of the patient. It includes C-spine, MRI, CT. These methods of research allow us to most accurately determine the affected area and the severity of the disease.
How to treat the displacement of the vertebrae
Remember that the treatment should be under the supervision of a physician. Depending on the readings of the x-ray specialist determines which method will suit you.
There are two types of treatment: conservative and surgical. A conservative method is an exercise aimed at normalizing the situation of the cervical vertebrae, physical therapy (magnetotherapy, electric and phonophoresis, stimulation, paraffin — therapy, inductothermy), manual therapy, acupuncture, spine stretching. Often recommended wearing a special support corset to prevent displacement of the vertebrae. For the relief of pain, prescribed analgesics.
Surgical intervention is only necessary in that case, if the degree of damage is too high. The purpose of the operation — strengthening of the spine using special plates.
If after treatment you have symptoms such as headache, insomnia, increased intracranial pressure, problems with vision and hearing, memory impairment, you are given a second survey. Surgery is done as needed. The best treatment is always considered prevention, so take care of your health and promptly visit a doctor.