Cervical kyphosis: characteristics, causes, treatment of pathology

The symptoms and treatment of kyphosis of the cervical spine

The concept of kyphosis comes from the Greek word «hump» or «bent», which determines the type of pathology.

The neck is called kyphosis abnormal curvature of the spine developing in this area, which belongs to the category of rare diseases.

Deformation part of the neck makes the shape of the curved spine, curved back.

Features of pathology in the cervical spine

The spine supports the human body. Due to the existing natural kinks it provides the skeleton of the damping properties. If the back is bent forward in the lumbar region and neck, it is about the disease called lordosis.

The protrusion of her thoracic and sacral regions diagnosed as kyphosis. If the natural deflection of the cervical gradually straightens out, becoming flat, it indicates the development of pathology of the neck.

The flexion of the spinal division of the back neck is a rare phenomenon. In this case, blood circulation in the results of the changes in spine shape, in which is compressed its structural elements.

The brain lacks oxygen and the blood supply. Broken blood pressure, numb hands, forming a hump in the neck.

Causes and risk factors

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The disease can manifest itself in people of different age groups — from infant to elderly.

At birth, the reason recognizes the presence of a weak muscular system or diseases of bone, making them fragile.

In older age kyphosis of the cervical spine develops because of a neck injury, comorbidities.

The main causes of disease there are several.

Congenital abnormality

It happens because of underdeveloped elements of the spine, most commonly the vertebral body or intervertebral disc. Affects the hereditary factor, when several generations have abnormal development of the vertebrae.

Congenital cause of the disease is considered as rickets in children (vitamin D deficiency in the body) at 1 year of life, encourage the development of kyphosis due to the weakening of ligaments, muscles of the skeleton.

The risk of developing the disease are abnormalities of the fetus inside the womb and postnatal trauma.

Acquired pathology

The causes of this disease are:

  • the injury of the spine, spinal muscles and ligaments;
  • deformity of the neck due to injuries, surgery after injury;
  • childhood leukemia;
  • the development of age-related changes in the structures of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs;
  • diseases of the spine (osteoporosis, osteochondrosis and other);
  • infection and inflammation of the cervical;
  • tuberculosis of the spine;
  • scoliosis, excessive, insufficient stress on the body;
  • tumors of different kinds in the spine and the soft tissues surrounding it.
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Degenerative changes in the spine

Occur in the elderly due to abnormalities in muscle tone of the neck. With age, people have deformed vertebrae under the influence of daily stress and diseases.

The classification and degree of pathology

Cervical kyphosis is 2 types — probrosy manifested a pronounced angle at the highest point of the curvature, and arc-shaped.

The origin of this deformation is divided into pathological and physiological.

In the age dependence of the disease is:

  • infant (rachitic);
  • children’s;
  • adolescence or youth.

Children’s kyphosis is manifested in a bone or muscle form. Bone deformity happens due to damage of the vertebral body or systemic disease.

Muscle form of the disease occurs as a result of poor physical development, severe diseases.

The degree of development of the disease are classified as:

  • minimum 1st degree with the angle of curvature not exceeding 30°;
  • average degree 2 with the warping angle 30-60°;
  • severe 3rd degree of curvature at an angle of 60°.

Symptoms of the disease

The main and obvious symptom is impairment to the cervical and spine.

The first sign of the disease is the appearance of headaches in the neck, arising from the fact that through the holes of the spinal cord has many nerves and blood vessels.

In addition to pain, there are dizziness, jumps in blood pressure, hearing and vision disturbances. Decrease in motor activity in the neck, muscle spasms, numbness in hands, tingling in lower jaw and neck also create a General feeling of discomfort.

In addition to these signs of illness are observed, the stoop and the education of the occipital hump because of the protruding spinous processes.

Due to the unnatural position of the cervical vertebrae pain marked not only the curvature, but also in other areas of the body.

A dangerous manifestation of kyphosis neck is compressive myelopathy, in which the vertebral artery, supplying a quarter of the brain structures affected.

Patient numb separate parts of the neck and shoulder, there is pain. Due to the compression of the nerve roots in the spinal cord could start a problem with urination, stepping flaccid paralysis.

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Diagnosis

Experienced enough to look at the patient to determine the curvature. A patient has a hunched back and drooping shoulders forward and down, round the back. But a final diagnosis to determine the extent of the disease, after research:

  • radiography in 2 projections, frontal and lateral (to confirm the diagnosis and assess the degree of development of the pathology);
  • magnetic resonance and computed tomography (for a detailed examination of strangulated nerves);
  • radiographs of the spine.

Treatments

Kyphotic deformity of the neck appears due to various reasons, so treatment after diagnosis each patient individually.

Takes into account the characteristics of the human body, its General condition, the severity of the disease.

Treatment usually lasts for a long time and requires a lot of effort on the part of the patient, only scrupulous adherence to the recommendations of the doctor gives a full treatment of the cervical kyphosis.

The treatment consist of events the following sequence:

  • therapeutic exercise is the mainstay of therapy of the spine;
  • reception of medications (analgesics for pain, anti-inflammatory drugs);
  • massage (assigned in cases where it can not damage to health);
  • physiotherapy;
  • chiropractic;
  • wearing orthopedic collars, corsets, having a rectifying action;
  • surgery.

A good result, in certain cases, provide acupuncture, massage, reflexology.

Chiropractic effective if abnormal kyphosis has easy and average degree of the disease.

Treatment by a medical doctor, acting with your hands on the affected part of the spine and surrounding tissues.

The result of these manipulations become the next changes in the body:

  • stop the occipital and spinal pain;

  • is the location of the vertebrae, joints, intervertebral disks in their natural place;
  • blood pressure returns to normal by improving blood circulation, disappear dizziness;
  • muscles become less tense and the muscular system gains strength.

To engage in chiropractic treatment are entitled to only qualified vertebrology. The number of procedures designated doctor (usually a day). Depends on the General condition of the patient and concomitant diseases from him.

As with all spinal disorders cervical kyphosis cured by exercise, because only they are able to return the twisted plot to its former state.

Physiotherapy helps to strengthen the ligaments and muscles that support the spine, allowing you to establish blood circulation in it, and returns flexibility to the joints. The exercises selected physician individually for each patient.

Not less important condition for recovery is considered correct posture to support you want to constantly. One of the exercises for this is to touch the wall four points of the body.

In severe cases is surgical treatment or dental prosthetics using metal plates that are installed in the area of pathology to neighboring vertebrae, but after a certain time is removed.

Ends this treatment is physiotherapy, gymnastics, swimming.

Complications and consequences

Kyphosis neck is not actually a disease of the spine, it is rather its symptom, the beginning of the emergence of serious pathologies in the body.

If you ignore these cifonie manifestations, it is possible to problems and complications.

What can happen:

  • a deviated posture resulting in deformation of the cervical vertebrae;
  • changes in breast cells, for example, rib displacement that creates discomfort while driving and tilt;
  • pulmonary insufficiency due to the changed position of the ribs, provoked by the pathology;
  • numbness of limbs, problems of musculoskeletal apparatus due to the compression of spinal nerve roots, which are crushed vertebrae.

When referring to homegrown manuals, no experience with vertebrate pathology, there is a risk of complications and even disability as a result of their inept actions.

The most serious complication is getting ugly due to the deformation of the cervical or the onset of complete paralysis.

It is easier to prevent than to treat

Regular exercise, active lifestyle, swimming, aerobics, yoga are an excellent prevention of disease.

Equally important is the proper posture when walking, sitting, standing.

To avoid cervical kyphosis, it is necessary to perform certain complex of preventive exercises, which is recommended by doctors.

Exercises performed in this pathology, are carried out, when the pain syndrome is eliminated. They are a good preventive measure of many diseases.

The disease responds well to conservative treatment at early stage of development. It is important not to forget that every illness must be treated at its first signs by qualified doctors in order to avoid the development of pathological processes.

The curvature of the cervical spine is no exception to the rule.