Cervical osteochondrosis and a panic attack: symptoms
Today about this disease, as osteochondrosis, have heard almost every man at least once in your life. This is not surprising because the cervical degenerative disc disease is sometimes called the «disease of the century». They can get sick, anyone who leads a sedentary life or work at the computer. Patients with this diagnosis every day becomes more and more.
The causes of osteochondrosis
Changes of intervertebral disks of degenerative-dystrophic nature are called cervical osteochondrosis. With the development of the disease in the spinal column inflammation, changing the structure of the discs. Cervical osteochondrosis is a chronic progressive disease. It occurs because of violation of metabolic processes in the body, deterioration of the blood supply to intervertebral discs or trauma of the cervical spine. Most often the disease affects young people aged 25 to 40 years.
Causes of cervical degenerative disc disease can be:
- way of life, characterized by a low mobility, a constant work in sitting position at a Desk or computer;
- incorrect posture;
- the injury of the neck;
- the metabolic disorders caused by hormones;
- autoimmune disease leading to destruction of cartilage, such as rheumatism or systemic lupus.
Doctors there are 3 stages of development of cervical degenerative disc disease, each of which has its own manifestations.
Symptoms syndromes disease
The manifestation of symptoms affected what specific vertebrae affected by cervical osteochondrosis. In this regard, there are several major syndromes. Cervical sciatica appears when the nerve entrapment. He has another name — radicular syndrome. The main symptom is pain spreading from the top down, from the neck to the shoulder blades, then from shoulder to fingers. In patients with radicular syndrome quite often have slight swelling, tingling around the shoulder, wrist and fingers, feeling shivers running. Can numb hands and tongue, will feel that it is swollen. Have the feeling of a lump in the throat and shortness of breath, marked weakness, and crunching or crackling in the neck. The radicular symptoms of the syndrome include hearing and vision, General debility of the body.
Cardiac syndrome very similar symptoms to angina. Its main symptom is the unbearable feeling of pain in the heart area, which is paroxysmal in nature and may last for several hours. Possible tachycardia. This syndrome is quite common among those who have sedentary jobs, such as drivers or office workers.
In the event of vertebral artery syndrome the main symptom is a throbbing headache, gripping the back of the head to the temple and forehead area. Pain syndrome is permanent and increases with movement or after a stay in an uncomfortable position. There are movement disorders — the patient appears unsteadiness of gait. If the person does not differ good health, probable loss of consciousness and nausea. Possible hearing loss. In addition, the syndrome of the vertebral artery may decrease the vision to see the pain in her eyes.
Irritative-reflectory syndrome accompany severe pain, burning sensation in the back of the head or neck when moving head and in the morning. There is the possibility of pain in the chest and shoulder. As a rule, the intensity of the pain increases during sharp turns, sneezing or coughing.
The development of the syndrome of «cervical migraine» affects the ability of blood vessels to expand. It later becomes the blood circulation of the brain. Called a syndrome because occurs pain have a similarity to migraines: they only appear in one part of the head and neck region.
In the presence of the syndrome of «cervical migraine» there is considerable risk of hypertension with concomitant hearing problems (ringing, congestion) and noise in the head. There is a possibility of tachycardia. This syndrome occurs in the initial stage of development of osteochondrosis.
Diencephalic syndrome known as hypothalamic. It is characterized by headache, accompanied by chills, increased heartbeat, feeling of falling, a sense of panic. The symptoms are not of a permanent nature, and are manifested as seizures and disappear in about half an hour. End in most cases, copious urination. Some patients with diencephalic syndrome there is pain in the heart.
Diagnosis and treatment
Because of the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of human cervical osteochondrosis — the most dangerous disease of the spine. If you don’t treat the disease, it will lead to pinching of the nerve root extending from the spinal cord, and the absence of the right cerebral circulation, because the blood vessels are bent. The improper functioning of blood circulation in the brain can lead to mental health problems, for example, to cause depression, panic attacks, epileptic syndrome, which in its manifestation is often similar to the signs of epilepsy. Moreover, with this kind of osteochondrosis, the consequences may be loss of coordination, stroke, hearing loss, reduced vision. Therefore, when the first signs of the disease, you should immediately contact the clinic.
For accurate diagnosis you will need to consult a neurologist. The doctor conducts examination, and the patient is assigned to a computer or magnetic resonance imaging. In some cases, done x-ray, but often this is not enough to determine the stage of disease development.
In the first stage of the disease, drug treatment in most cases is not required, but the patient must take preventive measures: change your lifestyle, start to do exercises of physical therapy. Patients rarely go to the doctor at the initial stage of osteoarthritis, as symptoms are expressed rather weakly. On the second and third stages it is necessary comprehensive treatment. It may include massage, acupuncture, physical therapy, visiting a chiropractor, and of course drug therapy.
The sequence of treatment in osteoarthritis is:
- elimination of painful symptoms;
- removal of edema;
- the restoration of normal blood circulation;
- strengthening the muscles;
- the nutrition of tissues.
With cervical osteochondrosis is almost always required to wear a special orthopedic collar Trench. This allows you to relieve tension of the spine and relieve the stresses to which it is subject. In addition, due to the fixation of the head in the correct position and posture correction, the collar will help to relieve headaches, insomnia, strengthen the muscles of the neck that will be a good preventing further progression of the disease. Orthopedic collar is worn the whole day, but only a few hours before bedtime.
In the treatment of degenerative disc disease the patient must have patience and complete all prescribed by doctors actions. Completely cure the disease is impossible, as it is chronic. But the right therapy can significantly slow disease progression and to withdraw from most of the symptoms.
Prevention of disease
No one will deny that to comply with the prevention is always nicer, wiser, and more economical than curing the developed disease. So you should take some simple steps to prevent the development of cervical degenerative disc disease. This is especially useful for those who are at risk.
- taking a daily hot shower for 10 minutes;
- frequent visits to the bath or sauna which will contribute to the removal of spasms in the neck;
- sleep on an orthopedic mattress and a low pillow (preferably orthopedic);
- aerobic exercise;
- performance of special physical exercises to relieve tension from the neck and strengthen the muscles;
- in any sedentary work every hour to do a break for 5 minutes to warm up.
At the risk of the occurrence of cervical degenerative disc disease is best to abandon the gym or to consult a specialist about what kind of loads you can perform. You should not engage in bodybuilding because it can cause a protrusion. Better jumping and running after the age of 25, as it is putting a strain on the spine.
Panic attacks patients
Sometimes accompany cervical osteochondrosis and panic attacks, which are one of the signs of stroke. A panic attack is a sudden fear of physical or mental discomfort. She may have a different duration: from several minutes to hours. Patients with osteoarthritis can sometimes be like one attack a day, or several. As a rule, the greater is manifested pain in the neck in osteochondrosis, the more pronounced signs of panic.
Panic attacks are characterized by the following symptoms:
- heavy head;
- emotional depression, sluggish, apathy;
- incessant tears;
- the fear of society;
- cardiophobia (cardiac neurosis);
- the aggravation of the perception;
- the constant obsessive thoughts.
To prescribe treatment for a patient having a panic disorder, it is first necessary to correctly diagnose the degree of development of the disease. Treatment of degenerative disc disease and panic attacks should be carried out in parallel. If the patient has the acute period of the disease, prescribe tranquilizers or beta-blockers.
If a panic attack is not prominent, quite regular visits to a qualified psychiatrist.