Cervical syndrome: symptoms, treatment, prevention
Neck shoulder syndrome is a complex of symptoms such as pain in the arms and shoulder girdle and neck. Most of all, the problem affects people of middle age — 30 years and older. The causes and development of disease may be different.
The term cervical syndrome is hiding from several diseases and one of the most common — posterior cervical sympathetic syndrome, which has other names (syndrome of vertebral artery or cervical migraine). The pain symptoms on the background of this disease appear due to compression of blood vessels and nerve endings. The symptoms when this condition not limited to pain, one begins to experience dizziness and nausea. Treatment of disease starts with a diagnosis. The most affordable and efficient method is a Doppler ultrasound.
Features of the structure of the cervical spine and cause of disease
In most cases the disease develops after injuries of the clavicle, shoulder or neck. Also, the disease could be a consequence of degenerative disorders of the intervertebral discs, for example, osteochondrosis. The problem was not serious, but its presence in the neck area poses a serious threat to human health.
In the neck are the most important the nervous and circulatory path through which passes the connection of the body with the brain. Therefore, the neck is the most vulnerable part of the human body. Even slight trauma can cause painful syndromes.
This disease is due to compression of the nerve endings (the radicular syndrome) entails more negative consequences than muscular-tonic syndrome, caused by degenerative disc disease. When radicular syndrome affects the internal organs, the treatment of which often becomes useless.
Variety of syndromes
When there are symptoms, a doctor examines several reasons for the development of diseases that have certain characteristics.
To treat sympathetic syndrome it is necessary not only to eliminate pain but also getting rid of the cause.
If this syndrome is a result of osteochondrosis, to eliminate the symptoms completely fail. However, you can reduce the level of compression of the nerve endings and restore blood flow in blood vessels, thereby returning the person to normal activity.
Cervical brachial syndrome: the main symptoms
Vertebral artery syndrome is one of the most common among cervical diseases. The first symptom of the disease manifests in the form of pain. However, pain can be very unpredictable, that is, to occur at a distance from the place of defeat. For example, it can get a lower back or legs. Consider the syndrome can be easily confused with certain diseases of internal organs, as the symptoms of pathologies are identical.
This syndrome can mimic symptoms of angina. But medicines from angina are absolutely ineffective. Correct diagnosis in such a situation, under the force experienced doctor who will be able to distinguish one disease from another. Pain when radicular syndrome is characterized by a duration, can stay for hours or even days, and angina pain syndrome is manifested by short-lived attacks.
This disease can masquerade as symptoms of peptic ulcer disease. In this case, to distinguish the disease more difficult. If after the use of antispasmodics pain persist, there is every reason to suspect this syndrome.
The back cervical sympathetic syndrome
This syndrome refers to the most dangerous varieties of the disease. Symptoms appear quite clearly, so the diagnosis is not difficult.
Due to compression of blood vessels supplying blood to the brain, you experience symptoms such as blurred vision, pain in the neck (a burning sensation in the neck), heart, a violation of the vestibular apparatus. Pain may occur at night. The pain begins, usually in the neck area and gradually the parietal. At the peak of pain may begin as nausea and vomiting.
Pain in the eyes accompanied by the appearance of flies or veil before the eyes. Increase pain during eye movement. On the background of the disease may occur pharyngeal-laryngeal symptoms, when a person begins to cough, during bouts of wheezing or voice completely disappears.
Non-specific signs of the syndrome include mood changes, irritability, anxiety, resentment, sleep disturbance, memory, and also not a passing feeling of heaviness in the head.
Treatment of the disease
Treatment of cervical syndrome is necessary in the acute phase of the disease a person is considered disabled and can not live normal fulfilling lives. In the acute phase of the disease is recommended bed rest (3-5 days). Under the head to put a small low cushion.
With cervical syndrome helpful dry heat, this under the neck, you can put a dry bag with warm contents (e.g. sand). Cervical it is desirable to fix a soft collar.
Effective treatment of cervical syndrome is carried out with the help of physical therapy. Electrophoresis with analginum and forearm phonophoresis with hydrocortisone. If the physical therapy that either prevents, appointed anti-inflammatory ointments, and mustard plasters on the neck and various appliques with anti-inflammatory drugs.
Vascular disorders restore drugs to improve circulation. Further treatment continues with a set of special exercises. Depending on the patient’s age, comorbidities and severity of illness assigned to exercise of varying intensity. When you exercise you are allowed to make a rotational motion and tip the head back. Gymnastic exercises help to strengthen the muscles of the neck and stabilize the cervical spine. Chiropractor pulls the neck of the patient in different positions — sitting, standing and lying down. This should be done with caution in order not to provoke dizziness and headache. Atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels and hypertension stretching of the neck is contraindicated.
The specificity of the localization of the pathology does not allow to apply the whole range of therapeutic methods, for example, on the neck it is impossible to carry out a full massage. Therefore, a standard list of medications (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) complement vasodilator and means from dizziness.
An effective method to reduce compression of the vessel is wearing a special corset. However, after prolonged use of a corset the muscles of the neck lose their tone, and the disease returns.
A favourable impact on the condition of the patient in the remission phase syndrome cervical have mud, pearl and sulfide baths.
This syndrome has similar symptoms but is not included in the syndromes of the shoulder complex, as it has a somewhat different etiology. The disease begins with damage to the neck or after excessive load on the cervical spine.
Signs cervical-cranial syndrome and described complex disease same as treatment. The difference is only in the reasons that cause such similar symptoms.
If you start treat cervical cranial syndrome, full recovery is almost guaranteed. If not promptly deal with the problem, the disease can become chronic. To leave unattended, even a minor spine injury, otherwise you will begin to develop degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the spine.
Treatment consists primarily in removing the load from the cervical. The task is complicated by the fact that the cervical spine is the most mobile area of the spine. To solve this problem using special corsets and bandages, as well as special medication. Cervical cranial syndrome and treated using physiotherapy and medicines.
Prevention of possible problems
Treatment of cervical syndrome is in most cases effective. However, observing certain rules, it is possible to alleviate the symptoms of the disease and to recover more quickly.
First, you need to monitor the condition of the spine, avoid injury and overstress. Moderate exercise helps strengthen muscles around the spine and good nutrition and bone tissues of the spine.