Contusion of finger: symptoms, signs, treatment, and photos of injuries

How to cure a bruise, not to provoke complications

The fingers consist of three phalanges – proximal, middle and distal (far).

They are interconnected interphalangeal joints.

The thumb has only two phalanges – proximal and distal.

All four fingers are located on the brush in one row, and the thumb opposed to them, due to which the hand has the ability to perform a variety of functions:

  • hold items of different sizes and weight category;
  • the ability to email;
  • flexion and extension of fingers, and many others.

The mechanism and causes of injuries

Injury of the finger may occur as a result of impact with a blunt object or falling from a slight elevation, and is characterized by the absence of violation of the integrity of the skin. The situation can be quite different. For example, the finger fell something heavy, or you hit your finger on the jamb of a door, or fell on my arm.

The degree of damage is determined by the force of the blow and the place where he fell.

Classification of injury

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Injury is called soft tissue damage which usually has a closed character. It also damaged the small blood vessels, causing the appearance of bruises. Sometimes, as a result of severe injury, the fracture of bones.

Injuries are classified by such categories:

  • the degree of injury;
  • its localization.

There are four degrees of injury:

  1. I have little skin damage. Can occur fine scratches or abrasions. This injury does not require special treatment and goes away within 3 to 4 days.
  2. At the II degree of the injury occurs the muscular tissue damage, edema and hematoma. At the point of impact there is a sharp pain.
  3. III is defined by the presence of damage to muscles or tendons. In severe cases, can cause dislocations.
  4. IV – the most extreme. Occurs from a strong blow, it is characterized by acute pain, tendon rupture, hematoma emergence of a strong dark color, even black. This injury requires immediate hospital treatment, ignoring it may lead to undesirable consequences.
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Localization contusions are distinguished as follows:

  1. Bruised finger joint of the hand, which occurs at the junction of the phalanges with the brush.
  2. Bruised finger, which can also be combined with damage to the joint. Sometimes multiple and single.

Symptoms that indicate trauma

A bruised finger may have a different degree of difficulty – from easy to strong. It is clear that the heavier a bruised thumb , the more clearly appear symptoms and the more they are expressed.

Symptoms injury of thumb the following:

  • swelling at the site of impact;
  • the injury turned blue or red;
  • the appearance of pain in the result of trying to move my finger, there is this pain due to the strong tide of blood to the site of injury;
  • hematoma (subcutaneous hemorrhage) which, depending on the severity, has a shade from light blue to black.

If the impact was strong, there are signs:

  • sharp unbearable pain at the point of impact;
  • the inability to make a damaged finger movement;
  • the pathological (abnormal) mobility bruised finger;
  • change the appearance of a finger – swelling or displacement;
  • the emergence of crack in the bone;
  • opening bleeding wounds.

If you notice these symptoms, you need to immediately consult a doctor to avoid complications with the arm.

First aid

So how to treat a bruised finger in the first minutes after a trauma that does not cause irreparable harm?

First, you need to make the right diagnosis based on the symptoms present.

Secondly, it is necessary to carry out the following steps:

  1. Applied to the site of the injury a cold compress by wrapping ice in fabric or substituting bruised hand under running cold water. From cold the pain is muted, since a narrowing of blood vessels, causing the injured area receives less blood.
  2. If there is a wound, apply dressing to stop bleeding.
  3. Even if the skin is not damaged in any way at the site of injury you need to draw an iodine grid, which will reduce swelling and protect from infection.
  4. In case of severe pain you can take analgesic such as ibuprofen or paracetamol.
  5. To reduce discomfort on the damaged finger can apply a bandage, not tight, otherwise block the access of blood.
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First aid is crucial to the success of further treatment.

You should avoid with injury

Osipiv thumb, you need to try not to disturb it, once you rest to full recovery.

However, it is impossible to leave without moving the injured limb, otherwise the liquid will remain in the joints, creating swelling. And blood flow to the injury site are supplied nutrients. It is therefore necessary from time to time to stretch hand, rotating it in different directions.

The medical complex

Before treatment of injury of the fingers need to consult with your doctor. He will prescribe you:

  • physiotherapy;
  • if the finger is very sore, can be assigned to receive pain;
  • a doctor will recommend using special anti-inflammatory creams that promote the resorption of hematomas. For example, Diclofenac, Voltaren, Heparin ointment, Fastum gel, and many others, represented in the Russian pharmaceutical industry.

If the injury is not serious, the finger is restored in about one to two weeks, but the pain goes away completely in a few months.

If you have a badly bruised thumb, the recovery may take up to six months.

What to do after an injury in a given situation only solves the attending physician.

Traditional medicine

Recipes of traditional medicine, proven over the years will also help to get rid of the injury they Are much cheaper than imported ointments, and the effects are sometimes even more effective. So, consider a few of these recipes:

  1. A poultice of potatoes. Boil the potatoes in their skins, mash it, and put the resulting slurry on the gauze bandage, making it compress. You can also add a spoonful of baking soda or honey. This tool is a great pain reliever and reduces hematoma.
  2. Mix equal proportions of vinegar, oil and honey to saturate this part a piece of fabric to attach to the injury and fix it with bandage.
  3. In a blender grind onion, dipped in this slurry a piece of gauze and tape to the finger with a bandage. To change one to two times a day.
  4. Powder concoctions diluted to the consistency of sour cream, apply to the injured area and apply a bandage. To change two times a day.
  5. Is a great tool Vishnevsky ointment, promotes the resorption of hematoma. It also should be applied to the injured spot and cover with a bandage.
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Possible complications and prevention

After injury of the finger, if not in time to initiate treatment or undertake it incorrectly, you may cause various complications.

For example, if you do not apply the funds, resolving hematoma, the location of the injury may be inflammation that will only worsen the condition of your finger and will contribute to a longer healing process.

To avoid this, careful consideration should be given to treatment, not letting him slide, because it affects your health and well-being.

If necessary, do not delay, contact the hospital where you will get recommendations about how it should be treated.

And remember that the best cure for any injury is to prevent its occurrence.

It needs to comply with the elementary caution, wherever you are. Always look at his feet, overcome dangerous sites path. In places where many kinds of ledges, be careful not to wave your hands. For the production must strictly adhere to safety regulations.

Take care of yourself and stay healthy.

Video: Taping joint of the thumb