Creaking knees: causes, symptoms and treatment of disease

Скрипят колени: причины, симптомы и лечение недугаThe knees play an important role in the human body and have a complex structure. They consist of the tibia and the femur. In-between is the meniscus, which serves for the mobility of the joint. Due to the fact that the knee joint is covered with cartilage tissue, occurring bending and straightening of the knees. Blood vessels via cartilage are not.

The body regularly develops synovial fluid, which provides nutrition and lubrication of cartilage. This fluid is located between the articular surfaces. When the distance between the joints is reduced, they are taken to catch each other, especially when walking, and then there is the distinctive sound — the creak. That’s why you hear the crunch in my knees.

If early treatment is creaking at the knees, this disease should no longer go into a knee or other ailments.

Why crunch and creaking knee joints?

Humans can’t hear, move healthy joints, this happens silently. Painful joints make their characteristic sound — a squeak. The reasons may be different:

  • Lifting weights. This burden impacts negatively on the knee joints, causing pain and creaking knees.
  • Unbalanced diet, excessive consumption of sweet, salty and spicy dishes and spices. For the sake of the experiment should be abandoned in a few weeks from these products, and the result will be noticeable soon.
  • Heels. Lift the foot from the ground should not be more than 3-4 cm, and many women manage to walk in heels 15 cm, with a crunch in the knees.
  • Excess weight can cause the appearance of the creaking in his knees. In turn, the primary treatment is aimed at lowering weight and diet.
  • A sedentary lifestyle. Doctors recommend that if the work is sedentary, you need to occasionally get up and move, try to walk, start to play sports or even to do gymnastics in the form of walking on the spot.
  • Old age. This category of people are more susceptible to other diseases of the joints.
  • The hereditary factor. Usually joint disease inherited.
  • When starting the development of disorders of the musculoskeletal apparatus, the likelihood of osteoarthritis increases several times.

    In the beginning of the disease the surface of the cartilage is deformed and becomes uneven. It is dry and loses elasticity. The cartilage loses calcium. Such changes mainly occur in the middle of the cartilage, which takes all the pressure of the human body. He, in essence, acts as a shock absorber. When the cartilage loses this feature increases the amount of stress on the bones.

    Then the cartilage tissue that serves as padding between the bones thins and turns out a squeak. This so-called osteoarthritis of the knees, which occurs because of immobility and anatomical shortcomings in a person. Exist, and secondary arthrosis, which a person acquires as a result of infectious bone lesions or hypoxia of the tissues, both soft and osseous. In such cases, the person experiences pain and audible clicks in the knees.

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    Doctors advise: once you heard the distinctive creak in the knees, is to go immediately to a specialist. After examination, the professional will prescribe the right treatment.

    And the earlier they are started, the more likely the disease will pass and not turn into a more desolate version of the disease.

    The cause of the pain

    Скрипят колени: причины, симптомы и лечение недуга

    The structure of the knee joint

    In addition to the above, the cause of creaking in the knees can be:

  • Disease and inflammatory condition of the joints, such as bursitis (affects the shoulder Bursa), tendonitis (tendon pharyngitis). The disease of soft tissues is to ensure that the ligament during walking joint relief bones hurt and you receive the typical sound. As a rule, it is accompanied by pain.
  • Osteoarthritis. When there is a failure of the functioning of the interarticular cartilage, then there is a creaking in my knees, fingers and elbows.
  • Age-related changes of the joints contribute to the difficulty that evolves without the first signs of osteoarthritis appear.
  • Injury to the joints. The emergence of a single and a loud creaking could be due to incomplete or whole tendon, ligament, meniscus violation, and, besides, the deepest fracture and bone fracture. Athletes are more exposed to chronic injury, which usually lead to the precariousness of the position of the joints. In the end, there are creaking in the knee can signal the formation of post-traumatic osteoarthritis.
  • The appearance of salts in synovial bag — microscopic arthritis, the main cause of the creaking in the knee. Because of inflammation occurring on the surface of the joint, make it uneven, which leads to the emergence of a squeak while driving.
  • All these diseases respond fully to the question, why there is a crunch in the knees.

    Pain in the knee joint as the main symptom of the disease

    The creaking in my knees has the following symptoms:

  • It becomes too visible and appears at the slightest movement.
  • Together with the emergence of difficulty a person experiences pain. There are swelling in the knee and inflammation. In the future, man becomes difficult to move.
  • Скрипят колени: причины, симптомы и лечение недугаIf these signs appear as a result of thinning of the cartilage, the person begins to develop osteoarthritis.

    This is due to non-compliance with the power of cartilage, and the process of erasing cartilage dominates his resume.

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    There are several stages of occurrence of creak in the knee:

  • The crunching and pain are made from time to time, mostly under load or hypothermia.
  • Creaking brightly articulated. Is thinning of the cartilage, and on x-ray this process is becoming visible. Starts the deformation of the bones, appear growths, which are called salts. The second stage is characterized by the following symptoms: pain, the constant creaking of the joints (even with little physical exertion). The disease begins to flow into the chronic form.
  • There is a breakdown of cartilage, its whole surface is filled with scar tissue. This stage is considered advanced disease. Doctors rarely treat people with the third stage of the disease. Why is this happening, is known only to patients themselves.
  • Most often with pain in the knee and difficulty turning the elderly. But there is a lot of complaints of young people who come to the office complaining of there are creaking in the knee. And the reason is a sedentary lifestyle.

    A large amount of time is spent at the computer and TV screen. All this adversely affects their physical condition. Such problems also result in frequent heavy physical loads, e.g., weight lifters and movers.

    What to do if you hurt your knees?

    Any disease of a joint accompanied by pain. At the initial stage occurred creaking in the knee should be treated in the following ways:

    Скрипят колени: причины, симптомы и лечение недуга

    For acute pain injecting drugs directly into the joint

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Course of treatment — 10-15 days mainly for the relief of pain, swelling, and other signs of disease. Appointed in tablets ibuprofen, Ketonal, diclofenac, voltaren, Ketoprofen, moreover, in the embodiment ointments and gels without and festungen. Physicians usually prefer the external use of NSAIDs, as without special indications (swelling, severe pain) has adversely effects on the stomach and intestines.
  • Vitamins and microelements — calcium, iron, phosphorus, zinc, vitamins of groups b, E, A.
  • Chondro — preparations of glucosamine and chondroitin. Are the progressive method in the reconstruction of cartilaginous tissues of the joint. The most effective with long-term oral administration or introduction by injection into the joint cavity. The course of treatment — 10 days 4-5 times per year. If there is no risk of degenerative changes, it is possible to use monotherapy.
  • Medications of hyaluronic acid are injected into the joint. This medication is ready to replace the natural lubricant (synovial fluid), thus ensuring excellent mobility to the joint. In the end, the crunching and creaking in my knees disappear.
  • Dietary supplements — mostly drugs of collagen. Excellent for improving the condition of synovial fluid, complementing it with the necessary microelements and amino acids, reinforcing fiber of soft and bone tissue, tendons and ligaments.
  • Treatment outside usually consists of ointments, composed of natural plant elements (cinquefoil, comfrey), bee or snake venom, compresses with Dimexidum.

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    Joint pain treatment without pills and ointments

    Скрипят колени: причины, симптомы и лечение недугаHow to cure a creak in the knees, if the drugs don’t work? What to do if it is not possible to buy ointments and creams?

    Drug-free physiotherapy treatment and advice on the treatment of creaking in the knees:

  • Sometimes you need to unload the joints, to give the joints a rest and immobilization. Mainly used knee pads, bandages and dressings elastic bandage.
  • Physiotherapy: UHF, magnetoactive and shock wave therapy.
  • Exercise, swimming, aerobics, physical therapy. Very useful Cycling and roller skates, of course, with observance of all security measures.
  • Massage. For kneading of the joints and reduce the creaking in the knees you need every day to perform light exercise:
    • lie on your back, legs extended: bending the knee and sliding across the floor, lifted a foot to her stomach, then to reach the knee to the chest;
    • effective squats (hands);
    • standing, alternately bend your knees and try to reach the knees to the stomach;
    • standing up, legs alternately bend at the knees and take them in hand (the same exercise can be performed supine).

    Healthy joints have always been considered the key to youth. Monitor health and weight, eat right, try not to abuse addictions. In the morning you need to drink on an empty stomach a glass of water. The volume of fluids you drink should be equal to 2 liters per day.

    For joint mobility and reduce the occurrence of difficulty it is necessary to lead an active lifestyle, exercise and exercise.

    That’s why I advise to do exercises in the morning.

    To protect the joints before physical activity, you need to perform warm-up before training. Try to avoid injuries to joints, especially in the winter. And at the slightest onset of pain and swelling in the knee immediately consult a doctor. These small tips will help to avoid this disease, like the creak in his knees. Be healthy!