Crunch knees: what to do and how to help the patient

Хрустят колени: что делать и как помочь больному

The knee is quite weak and prone to various diseases part of the human body. From diseases associated with the knee joints suffer as adults and very young children. Quite often patients ask the doctors question: if you crack your knees what to do?

The knee can bend and straighten. All movements are performed silently. If a person crunch the knees, it is worth considering not signal whether it is about the existence of any problems in the body.

Physiological and pathological causes of the phenomenon

Crunching in the knee joint is a physiological and pathological nature. For physiological type is characterized by a sound like crackling. The crunch in the knees as occurs during active movements and passive (for example, when bending or straightening the legs or fingers). There are the following alleged causes of physiological crunch in the knees.

  • Ligaments when motor activity for protruding bones. The crunch sounds dull and most frequently in the shoulder, wrist joints.
  • When the engagement surfaces of the two adjoining bones move relative to each other, resulting in a negative pressure. In the synovial fluid begin to form special bubbles, consisting of a vacuum. Therefore, the crisp sound is the vacuum cotton.
  • The rupture of adhesions in the cavity of the joint or stretch the ligaments. Crunching in the knee structures due to these reasons rarely.
  • Хрустят колени: что делать и как помочь больному

    A diseased joint is almost destroyed cartilage

    Crunching in the knee joint can occur due to any pathology. Often it is heard in the repetition of certain motor acts in the presence of pain or absence of refractory period. Cause pathological crunch is considered to be a violation of the contact surfaces of the joint. This violation can be observed in diseases that affect the cartilage of the knee joint and change their structure. Examples of such diseases can serve as arthritis, osteoarthritis.

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    Specific factors of the crunch

    Common causes of pain and the crunch are the processes of an inflammatory nature, localized to the periarticular tissues, or any traumatic injury. Examples include inflammation of the involving handbags of the knee (bursitis), affecting the tendons of the muscles of the knee (tendinitis) and meniscus injury (avulsion fracture).

    Inflammatory diseases have the following symptoms:

    • creaking when moving the knee;
    • soreness;
    • swelling;
    • the increase of the local temperature;
    • decrease in motor activity.

    If the patient has signs of this symptoms, you should seek the advice of a rheumatologist or physician. Crunching in the knee joint may have other specific factors of its appearance. They affect the body not directly, but impairs nutrition, and the functioning of organs. These factors are:

    Хрустят колени: что делать и как помочь больному

    • weight;
    • family history;
    • disorders in the endocrine system: diabetes and other similar diseases;
    • old age;
    • viral infection (they can act as a trigger factor for inflammation of the joints);
    • poor nutrition: eating salty food, overly sweet food;
    • big load on knee joints;
    • diseases that are accompanied by the deposition of mineral salts in articular tissue, for example, gout, chronic kidney disease.

    What to do when the crunch occurred because of the injury? In this case you need to consult with a traumatologist and surgeon. The doctor will examine, prescribe examination and treatment.

    How to get rid of pohrustyvaniâ in the joint

    How to get rid of the crunch in the knee joints? First and foremost, you need to consult your doctor and understand what is the cause of the crunch. If it is a big physical stress on the joint, then at the time you need to reduce it. The knees rest, and crunch significantly reduced. To give rest to the joints, it is recommended to lie in a hot bath. Treatment with heat relieve muscle tension, increase blood circulation.

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    To treat the crunch have only after examination and consultation with a specialist. The most common diseases are arthritis and arthrosis of the knee. These diseases lead to degenerative changes in the cartilage, the deformation of the joints. Drug treatment of arthritis are aimed at restoring the cartilage and maintain its structure. What if there was a deformity of the knee? Treatment in this case can only be operational: primenyaetsya arthroplasty.

    With the progression of the arthritis the doctor prescribes a medication:

    • ointment and pills, which has anti-inflammatory effect;
    • painkillers;
    • chondroprotectors.

    If cracking the joints due to the large mass of the human body, it is recommended to follow a strict diet. Before eliminating certain foods from the diet, you should consult with a nutritionist. An important element is the use of physiotherapy. All exercises must choose a doctor. The essence of physical therapy is to strengthen muscle mass on the legs and reduce the strain on the knees. The specialist can recommend swimming and water exercises.

    Хрустят колени: что делать и как помочь больномуIs it possible and how to get rid of the crunch folk ways? This treatment should be carried out in conjunction with the prescribed therapy. There are a number of known means to combat pain. The most effective among them are the following.

  • Gelatin. In the evening, pour 5 g of substance 1 glass of water. In the morning, the prepared mixture is to add 50 ml of water. Mix well. Take on an empty stomach.
  • Eucalyptus oil, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. When you crunch, pain and inflammation in the knee, apply the compress.
  • A compress of cabbage leaf. Sheet applied to the affected joint, fix a bandage and a scarf.
  • Treatment of folk remedies does not replace major medical events. This therapy is only a concomitant.