Deformity of the spine
Skeleton – bone and the Foundation of our body, and the spine – the Central axis, which is attached to the bones of the upper and lower extremities, therefore, the deformation of the spine for a person becomes a big problem. In addition to critical support functions, bones also protect such vital organs as the brain, heart and lungs. The places where bones are movably connected to each other are called joints. Despite its durability, the human skeleton is still prone to injury and diseases. The most common pathologies of the skeleton include various deformations of the spine and joints of the hands and feet.
Deformity of the cervical
The spine has curves, which is normal from a physiological point of view. They are necessary in order to mitigate the burden that falls on the body during movement. But under the influence of various pathological factors, there is excessive curvature of the spine that leads to pain, diseases of internal organs, paralysis and even disability of the person.
The norm is that the neck is curved forward. A condition where the cervical vertebrae are curved back, called kyphosis. Kyphosis of the cervical spine is a rare disease. The reasons for this curvature, in General, the same as when bending in other parts of the spine. They are divided into congenital and acquired.
Congenital causes of cervical kyphosis include the following.
Acquired kyphosis can occur due to such reasons:
- natural aging;
- violation of metabolic processes in the body that cause low back pain and osteoporosis;
- injuries of the spine;
- tumors of the spine.
The main symptom of the curvature is headache, and pain in the cervical spine. There has been a change of blood pressure. The person observed drowsiness, General weakness, the appearance of «bags» under the eyes. Due to the displacement of the cervical vertebrae can zaselyatsya vessels. So violated, for example, venous blood flow from the brain, which causes stagnation. In addition, the displaced vertebrae can also damage the nerve roots, which contributes to the appearance of pain, numbness of the hands and impaired vision or hearing.
When driving in the region of the cervical heard the crunch. The movement becomes dull.
Treatment of kyphosis neck
The curvature of the cervical spine must be corrected because it can cause serious consequences. You first need to determine the exact cause of the disease and only then to start treatment. The treatment of this disease is mainly conservative.
Patient is prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs, pain relievers. If the wrong position of the spine has led to muscle spasms, the spasm is removed from the muscle relaxants. Also the patient shows the drugs that improve blood circulation. Use the chondro – special drugs that promote regeneration of the cartilage tissue of intervertebral discs.
In addition, requires the use of special orthopedic devices for the cervical spine. They are a corset, which helps the muscles hold the vertebrae in an anatomically correct position. In parallel, the patient is prescribed therapeutic exercise, swimming and physiotherapy. Physical activity is important to strengthen the muscles of the cervical. In addition, exercises also focus on stretching the neck. It relaxes the cervical muscles, relieves soreness, and also allows you to restore the correct position of the cervical vertebrae.
Kyphosis of the cervical spine are also treated with manual therapy. The specialist puts pressure on certain areas so that the vertebrae and the intervertebral discs literally «fall into place». Such procedures help to completely get rid of pain, muscle tension, and helps to normalize blood pressure.
If conservative treatment fails or is inappropriate, then surgical treatment is applied. During the operation, the vertebrae are held together by metal structures in an anatomically correct position. We all know that it is better to prevent disease than to take his medication.
For the prevention of diseases of the spine requires regular exercise. Even a 10-minute, daily exercise, has a positive effect on health.
Curvature of the lower extremities
The common pathology in medical practice is a deformity of the knee joints. This deformity is varus and valgus. Varus deformity knee joint is O-shaped curvature of the limbs. When valgus deformity of the limbs resemble the letter H. the Disease can occur in people of any age and gender. But most often it affects elderly people and children.
In children joint deformity is often hereditary. In addition, it is also possible fetal developmental disorders of the fetus, which in the future can become the reason of various pathologies. O-shaped feet from the newborn child are the norm. This is due to the compact arrangement of the child in the womb. When the baby begins to actively move and to stand on his own legs, limbs at the same time is a big burden. The bones of a child at this age is not strong enough and under the weight of his own body the baby may develop hallux valgus.
This is especially true for children who missed the «creeping» phase, and immediately began getting to his feet. Therefore, deformation of the lower extremities are the norm for a child up to 5-6 years. At this age it is necessary to pay attention to the child’s development, and if the curve does not pass by itself, you need the intervention of doctors.
The elderly various deformities of the knee joints, as a rule, occur due to various joint diseases. These include arthritis, osteoarthritis and other inflammatory joint disease. In addition, uncomfortable or poor quality footwear is one of the main factors of the curvature. Wrong shoes, uneven leg locks, so she gradually gets used to this situation.
Excess weight also negatively affects the health of knee joints and can exacerbate hallux.
Correction of varus and valgus foot deformities
Treatment of deformity of the knee includes a range of different activities.
|Methods of treatment||The application and impact|
|The use of orthopedic appliances.||There are special tires, which secures the foot into the correct position. In addition, the use and special pads to put in shoes of the patient. Orthopaedic goods not buy their own. Their selection provides only a podiatrist.|
|Physiotherapy.||The effect of currents of different frequencies leads to rapid contraction and relaxation of muscles. The same thing happens when you workout at the gym. Leg muscles are strengthened, increasing their volume and strength. Also improves blood circulation and normalizes metabolic processes in tissues.|
|Massage and manual therapy.||The joint is held in a stable condition thanks to the surrounding muscles and ligaments. If the ligamentous-muscular apparatus is weakened, the joint begins to «become loose». Massage helps to strengthen muscles and relieve stress.|
|Adjustment of lifestyle.||People with excessive weight to get rid of the extra pounds. As physical activity is perfect Cycling and swimming. In addition, are mandatory and therapeutic exercise that helps strengthen muscles and joints. Refrain from tight shoes or shoes with high heels. Prefer orthopedic shoes with stiff backs. Summer is useful to walk barefoot on grass, sand or fine gravel.|
If these methods prove ineffective, or the deformation is in the later stages, it is necessary surgery. During the operation produced an artificial fracture of the limbs with subsequent fixation of the bone using the Ilizarov apparatus. Finding signs of deformation of the limbs, you should immediately contact to the doctor-the traumatologist or orthopedist. On the basis of visual inspection and x-rays the doctor will establish the diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
The patient needs to follow some rules: not recommended for long periods of time standing or walking; in the sitting position you can not put the foot on the leg, and also close reduce knees; prohibited strength exercises for weight lifting and resistance.
Valgus deviated toes
In addition to the hallux knee joints, there is also valgus deviated toes, or «bump». This deformity in which the toes deviate outward. Most often, this pathology affects women. This is due to the weaker muscular-ligamentous apparatus, as well as wearing shoes with high heels. Head bones of the thumb form a «cone» or «bone». Due to the fact that the Shoe presses constantly on this site «bump» can become inflamed and become very sensitive.
Causes of hallux toe can be several:
- congenital deformities;
- genetic predisposition;
- flat feet, increased joint mobility, varicose veins;
- the incorrect shoes.
In addition to the visual presence of the seal, the person feels discomfort in the area of big toes. The pain may be like after prolonged walking, and at rest (especially at night). The intensity of pain, as her character can also be different. In the area of the toes there is swelling and redness. «Lump» also has corn, which is formed from friction with shoes.
In the early stages of treatment of hallux valgus toes, as a rule, conservative. The doctor will prescribe special orthopedic shoes, which prevents friction «bumps» shoes. Also recommend padding for the fingers, which forcibly deflect the finger and put it in the correct position. For the correction of the arch of the foot use insoles.
In addition, patients with excess weight, you need to go on a diet to reduce pressure on the foot and toes. For pain syndrome, the prescribed drugs (e.g., nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). The site of inflammation cause inflammatory ointments. Treatment with the use of physiotherapy is needed to reduce the pain, and to normalize the blood circulation in the joints of the toes. Used procedures such as magnetic therapy, phonophoresis, paraffin, etc.
If necessary, treatment of deformation of the big toe is surgically. Depending on the degree of disease intervention can be carried out on soft tissues, bone or bone and soft tissue simultaneously.