Degenerative changes of the cervical spine: symptoms and treatment
Degenerative changes of the cervical spine are a very common chronic disease.
The concept of «degenerative changes» of the spine means:
- dehydration of the tissues of the spine, particularly the intervertebral discs, and reducing its flexibility (low back pain);
- the appearance of bony spines (spondylosis);
- seal of vertebrate tissues;
- reduction in the production of synovial fluid;
- reducing the gap between the joints of the spine (spondylosis).
Back pain of different nature are 90 % of the total population. Approximately 40% of people experiencing pain, seek medical attention. Currently, there is a decrease in the locomotor activity of most people. A sedentary lifestyle, the replacement of physical labor, mental, long-term presence in the car significantly reduces the tone of the muscle corset.
Scientists estimate that 80% of the time the spine is in an unnatural bent position. This condition leads to a stretching of muscles — extensors of the spine, decreases their tone. This is one of the main reasons for the appearance of degenerative changes.
The cervical spine consists of 7 vertebrae. It is the most moving part of the ridge. This Department is the spinal column provides the person the opportunity to head movements.
Neck muscles are fairly weak. They are in constant tension, ensuring the maintenance of the head. Therefore, degenerative changes of the cervical have a wide distribution.
The symptoms of degenerative changes
When pathological spinal disorders the main symptom is muscle pain in the back. The corresponding muscle can not long withstand the axial load. The first sign of degenerative disc disease is a muscle pain syndrome. Overloading of the spine such causes the pathology:
- a muscle strain;
- a reduction in the distance between the vertebrae;
- fixation of the vertebrae in the wrong position;
- the emergence of functional blocks, that is, parts of the spine with impaired mobility that contributes to the appearance of protrusion and hernia of the intervertebral disc.
With cervical osteochondrosis patient exhibits the following symptoms:
- neck pain that radiates to the neck;
- noise in the ears;
- the decrease in visual acuity.
If a person has any symptoms he should immediately consult the doctor. With cervical osteochondrosis is a small extension of the disk beyond the spine is a serious threat. The cervical vertebrae are smaller than the rest. In the cervical more blood vessels and nerve plexus.
Spinal cord located in the spinal canal in the cervical region has a minimum diameter, as a consequence, even a small shift causes a compression. Via cervical spine is vertebral artery compression which can cause poor circulation of the brain. This leads to headache, noise in ears, dizziness, shaky gait.
Help with cervical osteochondrosis
When there are abnormalities in the spine, headaches are not while taking pain medications: it is necessary to treat cervical osteochondrosis. Mr pattern of degenerative changes of the cervical spine shows the extent of the disease and allows to identify low back pain.
Treatment patients are prescribed individually, after diagnose changes in the intervertebral discs. The doctor must find out if there are any complications, intervertebral disc herniation or protrusion. Therapy includes massage, moxibustion, phytotherapy. The primary task of doctors is to eliminate the pain and muscle spasms, improving metabolic processes in the body.
The goal of treatment is to eliminate the causes of low back pain, and creating conditions to restore the disks of the spine naturally. Treatment should be complex. It is aimed at improving the circulation of blood in the vessels in the area of degenerative changes in the discs. This improves the oxygen supply to these areas, eliminates pain, swelling are.
Using modern methods of treatment in combination with the methods of Oriental medicine, which includes acupressure, acupuncture, herbal medicine, you can stop the development of degenerative disc disease of the cervical and prevent complications.
How to treat degenerative changes in the cervical
Treatment of degenerative changes of the cervical aimed at:
- tissue regeneration of the spine;
- eliminating overloads and blockages in the cervical vertebrae.
First of all, the doctor should examine the patient to determine what kind of treatment for it will be the most effective, which treatments can be assigned to the patient. The doctor will prescribe a specific technique impacts on the affected area. Despite the fact that pain is felt in the cervical, treatments should cover the entire spine. The patient should be examined by a neurologist, who will prescribe the treatment according to the relationship of spine.
In the treatment of intervertebral hernia is used:
- axial and lateral unloading of the spine;
- strengthening muscles.
Patients prescribed physiotherapy, hardware and manual methods of soft stretching, massage. For the normalization of metabolic processes in the tissues of the spine apply physical therapy, magnetic therapy, reception of chondroprotectors. In some cases, can be assigned a retentive bandage for the neck.
MRI picture of degenerative changes showing signs of osteochondrosis and disorders of the axial load on the spine. Treatment for degenerative changes of the cervical includes a comprehensive therapy. The patient is prescribed drugs of anti-inflammatory action, such as the active ingredient, ibuprofen. In some cases, prescribe muscle relaxants, steroidal preparations, vitamins of group B.
Very useful massage, exercise therapy, physiotherapy. The doctor recommends necessary procedures and drugs determines the length of treatment. Patients prescribed bath, shower, manual therapy. During the pains used pain relievers anti-inflammatory drugs that are injected into the area of the affected nerve by using electrophoresis or injections. Prescribe laser therapy, magnet therapy, acupuncture, ultraviolet irradiation.
In each case, the doctor prescribes treatment individually, depending on the extent of degenerative changes. Course of complex treatment recommended by your doctor, to prevent further development of pathological changes of the cervical spine.