Disc herniation of the lumbosacral
How to treat a hernia of the lumbosacral spine?
According to statistics, the most common site of a herniated disc, but rather the intervertebral disc is a lumbar-sacral region.
Causes of degenerative-dystrophic changes leading to the occurrence of intervertebral disc herniation, become features of blood supply and metabolism of the spine.
In adults, the cartilaginous tissue of the intervertebral discs can be powered only by osmosis from the surrounding tissue, so if you violate this process in the cartilage begin to develop sclerotic processes, collapses the homogeneous structure of cartilage and creates conditions for the development of hernia, i.e., loss of a fragment of the intervertebral disc into the spinal canal.
Symptoms of a herniated disc in the lumbosacral
Herniated disc in the lumbosacral spine is manifested by limitation of motion, compensatory posture, severe pain and neurological deficits such as numbness or burning sensation in the area of innervation squeezed the root of the spinal nerve, decreased tone and progressive atrophy of the muscles of the lower limbs.
In the case of protrusion of the disc may show signs similar to traumatic spinal cord injury, up to the paresis and paralysis.
In the photo you can clearly see intervertebral hernia, sizes and localization it may be different.
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In the case of an acute attack all patients assigned to drug treatment, including anti-inflammatory and painkillers, angioprotectors, if necessary, epidural injections of corticosteroids, as well as the appointment of the locking corsets, physiotherapy and remedial gymnastics.
When expressed pain syndrome is assigned to short-term bed rest.
In most cases, when conservative treatment within six weeks, there comes a remission of lumbar herniation, i.e., the symptoms subside and surgical intervention is not required.
— operational (surgical)
Surgical treatment of hernias of intervertebral disks is performed in case of development of serious neurological disorders and resistant to conservative treatment pain syndrome.
Until recently, the removal of herniated disc was done by conducting special operations — a laminectomy.
The last time there was an opportunity to reduce surgical trauma and to remove herniated discs method interlaminar microsurgical removal of disc herniation.
Further development of optics and medical technology and optics has led to the emergence of a number of options for endoscopic removal of the vertebral hernia.
Exercises and gymnastics
Exercises with a herniated disc, including the lumbosacral, for each patient can be individualized depending on the severity of the pathology.
During exacerbations of the exercises are contraindicated, and as it subsided exercises help to restore the different muscle groups of the back, thus creating a kind of muscular corset.
In addition, the muscles stretch the spine, increasing the intervertebral distance.
Treatment of diseases of the spine in the gym is safe, which is especially important for elderly patients, affordable and very effective method.
When you exercise, you must observe the following basic rules:
- If you experience pain, exercise should be more careful. If there is a sharp pain, the exercise should stop immediately and postpone the gym for a while.
- Gymnastics should not include elements of twisting of the torso.
- A sharp and percussive movements should also be avoided.
- A set of exercises, it is desirable to divide into three procedures that are performed at different times.
Consider two exercises that the patient can perform independently, without risking to hurt myself. From them in any case will not be worse, and significantly improve its condition to reduce the severity of pain the patient usually fails:
It is recommended to start the treatment of the vertebral muscles as early as possible. In such cases it is possible not only to get rid of the pain, but also restore the mobility of the lumbar spine, the conductivity of the spinal roots, and prevent the development of irreversible changes.