Discomfort in the knee

Due to knee joint a man can move, Crouch, turn and perform many other actions. This is possible because of the particular structure of the knee. It is formed bone, cartilage, ligaments, muscles and tendons. Being a complex mechanism, the knee joint prone to injury and can lead to failure. Abnormalities in the structure lead to the fact that the motion in the knee appear uncomfortable, crackle and pain.

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The structure of the knee joint

Discomfort in the knee joint can occur due to many reasons. To know the cause of discomfort in the knee, you need to first familiarize yourself with its anatomy. Knee form femoral and tibial bones, as well as a small round bone patella.

The surface of articulated bones are covered by cartilage. Cartilage is a smooth and durable sliding surface for easy movement. The bones in their joints have articular surfaces called condyles. Misaki covered with special cartilage tissue. End of the femur has a peculiar thickening of the spherical shape that forms a movable joint.

The ball shape of the bone should correspond to the depression in the other bone mating. But tibia such deepening has not. The end of this bone is called the tibial plateau. Round bone is too tight on the flat, so you need to spread the load. That was the function of the meniscus: the inner (medial) and outer (lateral).

The meniscus is an additional cartilaginous layer which performs the cushioning function. The menisci are located on the plateau of the tibia. In form they resemble the letter «C». The meniscus has a posterior horn body and anterior horn. The meniscus lacks nerve endings and blood vessels that allow painless to step on the leg.

Bones are connected by ligaments. They connect the femur and the tibia and limit the range of motion in the knee. Inside the joint there are two ligaments: anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments. On the sides it is also fastened with cords. The inner side is the medial collateral ligament and the lateral collateral ligament. The cruciate ligaments limit the movement of the limbs forward and backward, and lateral – from side to side.

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The joint is hermetically covered with a dense capsule, which protects it from various damage. The inner side of the capsule covered by the synovial membrane, which produces a special fluid necessary for the lubrication and nutrition of the knee.


Symptoms and causes of discomfort in the joints

Discomfort in the knee can occur because of unusually long standing or exertion. Usually the feeling of tiredness or aching pain the next day already pass. But you must know the symptoms of serious joint diseases, in case of their appearance, to detect illness and seek medical attention. Symptoms that should not be ignored, include such.

  • Morning stiffness. The discomfort in my knees after sleeping or when raising from a sitting position can indicate the presence of diseases.
  • Pain. Aching pain initially occurs only at the end of the day, over time can develop into bouts of severe pain.
  • Compaction and swelling in the affected joints.
  • Local and General temperature increase. Inflammatory process of infectious nature can manifest itself as severe colds.
  • The reasons, which affects the knees, can be set. Discomfort in the joints can cause injury. Excessive strain, improper weight distribution can seriously injure the joint. In addition, the twists of the legs, for example, when the foot is not off the floor, and take the whole body, can damage the ligaments and meniscus in the knee. The presence of damage may indicate an acute pain at the time of injury, clicking in the knee, redness and swelling.

    The infection in the knee with blood flow, or if it produced any surgery, can also cause inflammation and pain. This infection, like staph, can cause a reaction of the body. The body, struggling with a hostile organism starts to produce antibodies that affect their cages.

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    The feet disease, in which damaged joints are the most common cause of disorders in the joints. The joint cartilage does not receive proper nutrition and eventually depleted. As a result, may develop such diseases as osteoarthritis, in which degenerative processes in the cartilage can cause of disability of the person.

    Such diseases as varicose veins, causes legs blood circulation.


    Joint disease

    The most common articular disorder is osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis).

    Osteoarthritis is non-inflammatory disease, which gradually destroys the cartilage of the joint. Most of the victims are elderly people, since the cartilage is erased, and the formation of new cells in the elderly is slow.

    The main cause of osteoarthritis is a metabolic process in the body. The body does not get or is unable to properly distribute the nutrients, resulting in changing the composition of the synovial fluid nourishes the joint. Cartilage «fast», dries up, and between the articular surfaces appears, the friction. Under the mechanical action of the cartilage is erased, the cracks become larger and it is destroyed. In the first stage of the disease when the cartilage has not yet collapsed, the knee can be saved. But in the later stages to restore the cartilage is no longer possible.

    Arthritis is an inflammatory disease of the joints, accompanied by fever, swelling and painful sensations during movement. Arthritis is of several types: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, rheumatoid arthritis etc. Osteoarthritis occurs due to the violation of metabolic processes in the body, joints wear out and become inflamed. Rheumatoid arthritis occurs due to failures in the immune system when the body begins to attack its own cells.

    People actively involved in sports, a common problem is damage or torn ligaments. The lack of warm-up, a sudden movement or load on the edge of their capabilities lead to the fact that the joint fails and is injured.


    Restoring mobility of the joints

    For the treatment of degenerative processes of cartilage necessary drugs that speed up the healing process and the formation of new healthy cells. Such drugs are chondroprotectors. They help to strengthen the joint, prevent tissue destruction, relieve pain, inflammation and swelling.

    The market has proven to be so. «Joint comfort». In fact, the «Joint comfort» is not a drug, biologically active additives (BAA). «Joint comfort» contains all the necessary substances and microelements that help to prevent degenerative processes and ensure joint health for years to come.

    Substances Action
    Chondroitin sulfate. A substance needed for the formation of cartilage. He also participates in the formation of other tissues (ligaments, tissue the joint capsule), prevent the leaching of calcium from the body, increases elasticity of bone and cartilage.
    Glucosamine. Another substance included in the composition of cartilage, ligaments and synovial fluid. It is necessary for nutrition and regeneration of cartilage and for producing substances such as collagen.
    Pantothenic acid. Helps prevent stiffness in the joints in the morning, relieves pain, improves metabolism and absorption of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, gives cartilage strength and elasticity.

    Glucosamine and N-acetyl glucosamine – a natural substance whose source is the shell of marine crustaceans (shrimps, crabs). These substances are involved in the formation hialuronowy acids – the basic element from which the formation of cartilage. In addition, the «Joint comfort» and contains such elements as boron, manganese, magnesium, molybdenum. It also includes hyaluronic acid, Microhydrin, glutathione, etc.

    «Joint comfort» take 1 capsule 2 times a day. The course of treatment is 3 months.