Disease Kashin Beck (uravska disease): symptoms, treatment, pictures, pathology
Kashin — Bek disease: the complexity of diagnosis and treatment
Joint disease is an ancient problem of humanity, which is relevant today.
In today’s world of joint disease the most common and affect not only the elderly and the younger generation.
Diagnosed as the most common illnesses and rare diseases, which include Kashin – Bek disease.
Uravska disease — what, how and why?
The Kashin – Bek disease (uravska disease, deforming endemic osteoarthritis) – a disease defined by dystrophic and degenerative processes in the bones and joint tissues, as well as the development of flexion contractures.
The name of the disease acquired due to the river Level, where it was first identified this disease, and also in honor of Russian doctors, who described its development in detail.
In the recent past, the most frequently diagnosed pathology in Eastern Siberia and Transbaikalia, its growth decreased significantly.
As a rule, the disease Kashin – Beck is formed in childhood and adolescence, when growth occurs and the formation of the skeleton, more common in boys.
As the disease develops
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In the early development of pathology appear dull pain in the joints and muscles, the crunch occurs, the patient feels weakness, quickly gets tired.
After a few years, there is a change in the joints, atrophy of muscles. In more severe cases, heavily compacted interphalangeal joints of the fingers, deform the brush is formed contracture.
Brush very often take the form of a so-called bear paws. In addition, the patient noted the low growth, often develop goiter.
Causes urowsky disease
Causes of Kashin – Bek disease are insufficiently identified, but, nevertheless, the most reasonable theory is that this disease causes the insufficient amount of calcium and excess of iron, manganese, zinc, and a Serb.
Proof of this are the research scientists that in areas with high levels of disease, revealed a high content of phosphates in soil and water.
In addition, a predisposing factor that can cause urowsky a disease called rickets because of vitamin D deficiencies, does not absorb calcium that can cause degenerative processes in the joints.
It was also confirmed that patients can produce children with the disease.
Severity of pathology
Modern medicine distinguishes three main degrees of severity of the disease:
- The first degree has been a slight thickening of the interphalangeal joints 2, 3, 4 fingers. After loads and in the morning there is pain, restricted movement in the elbow, ankle and wrist joints. Often there are cramps.
- The second level is accompanied by a significant crunch in the joints, considerable thickening, severe pain occurs with motion, atrophy of muscles is observed, there is stiffness, lumbar hyperlordosis. Many patients with documented short stature. In addition to these symptoms, two of the above degrees may also be accompanied by frequent headaches, change in heart rate, loss of appetite, poor condition of hair and nails. Often there is the development of ailments such as bronchitis, gastritis, neurological disorders Ave.
- Third degree the most severe and is characterized by strong pains in the joints, especially when moving, all joints are deformed and almost motionless. As a result of damage to the joints of the pelvis and hip appears duck walk, hands resemble a bear’s paw. In addition, can diagnose palpitations, disorders from the gastrointestinal tract and thyroid gland. Patients with this diagnosis are characterized by low growth, short neck, narrow pelvis, especially women.
Install the diagnosis
If Kashin – Bek disease diagnosis by the above symptoms. Additional diagnostics include chest x-ray, which more accurately indicates the pathological changes in the joints and bones metafizik.
Also of great importance are information about the district, which is home to the patient. We should not forget that the existing symptoms are very common in many other illnesses, such as rickets, endocrine changes, chondrodystrophy, etc.
Therefore, it is important to distinguish deforming endemic osteoarthritis from these pathologies, in order to establish the correct diagnosis and prescribe a quality treatment.
The treatment of the disease
The main goal of therapy is restoration of joint function, pain management and muscle contractures.
This result is achieved through regular supplementation of calcium, phosphorus and vitamins. Efficiency seeking and using biological stimulants that are often used in arthritis.
In addition, the treatment urowsky disease are often used physiotherapy, and different types of massage are also very effective and the brine radon baths, mud and paraffin baths, ultrasound physiotherapy.
In the most severe cases, recommended surgery, allowing to remove the contracture and restore movement.
In case of late diagnosis and inadequate treatment can have serious complications.
First, it is the total strain and stiffness in the joints, and second, the possible infringement of intra-articular bodies, the appearance of sciatica, secondary arthritis, loss of ability to work.
What determines the duration and quality of life?
If the diagnosis is identified at the time and appointed competent treatment, predictions about urovsky disease is quite favourable.
Almost 30% of patients achieve healing process and fully restore the ability to work. At a later stage, thanks to the latest methods of treatment, it is possible to reduce pain, improve mobility and to suspend the development of the disease.
The diagnosis of endemic osteoarthritis is not a death sentence, with early diagnosis and proper organization of the treatment process, it is possible to completely stop the disease.