Disease of joints of hands: symptoms, causes, treatments
Pain in the hands is a serious problem, limiting the mobility of joints and dangerous for its complications. When the pain in the hands is not only impossible to lift weights, perform domestic work, but also to carry out basic actions, such as typing on a keyboard and writing by hand. Diseases of the joints of hands require immediate treatment, so noticing the first symptoms, you must immediately contact the rheumatologist, which will determine the exact cause and prescribe treatment.
Why aching hands?
Pain in the wrist and limitation arise for many reasons, which can be divided into two groups: mechanical and inflammatory. Mechanical causes include trauma and degenerative diseases accompanied by pain during movement. At rest pain in the hands is usually not felt.
If the cause of pain is inflammation in the hands, in addition to pain, there is still stiffness. Also inflammation of the joints there may be swelling and redness of the skin.
First symptom of inflammatory diseases of the joints of the hands is pain that is often accompanied by stiffness and swelling. Regardless of when there are unpleasant sensations in rest or when moving is necessary when the first symptoms to immediately consult a doctor. The exact cause of pain is determined by the nature of the pain.
The most common causes of pain in the joints of the hands are:
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- infectious arthritis.
Injury is one of the most common causes of pain in the hands. Acute pain occurs when fracture, sprain and dislocation. Trauma the skin over the damaged joint is red, there is swelling and stiffness.
Inflammation as the cause of the pain in the joints
Rheumatoid arthritis is a serious disease in which the protective system of the body perceives its own cells as foreign, gradually destroying the joints. The affected areas become inflamed, there is pain. Rheumatoid arthritis requires the introduction of complex therapy, including outpatient, inpatient and sanatorium treatment. With the progression of the disease, the deformation of the joints of the hands and complete loss of mobility.
Osteoarthritis is the result of wear and tear of joint cartilage. The disease usually manifests itself in humans in old age, is accompanied by pain in the wrist and thumb. When osteoarthritis becomes impossible minimum load on the hands, because immediately there is a sharp pain. Soreness also occurs when pressure is applied on the affected area.
Severe pain in the hands arise in a later stage of development of gout. This disease manifests itself in humans who eat a lot of meat products. Abuse of animal fats leads to the fact that the joints begin to accumulate uric acid crystals. The first affects the joints of the feet, then start to hurt the joints of the hands. Gout on the joints can appear gouty lumps.
Often pain in the hands is a sign of infectious arthritis, the main cause of which is infectious diseases. In the acute stage of infectious arthritis in humans, severe soreness, swelling and redness of the skin over the affected joint.
Acute arthritis may be accompanied by deterioration of General health and rise in temperature. In the transition to chronic arthritis manifested by recurrent pain.
Treatment of diseases of the joints of the hands, regardless of their nature, should be comprehensive. The first thing you need to do to reduce the load. You should not carry heavy weights, to squeeze the linen manually and to perform any other actions in which the brush greater load.
Joint disease involve drug treatments, the choice of drugs depends on the nature of the disease. To relieve inflammation and pain used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In some cases, can be applied hormones. Medications used in various forms: ointments, pills, injections. The most frequently used drugs: Movalis, Voltaren, Sulfasalzine, Leflunomide.
Medication actively used in the acute phase. When the disease goes into remission, are assigned to non-drug methods: physiotherapy, physical therapy, massage, therapeutic diet. Therapeutic exercise allows you to relieve pain, return mobility. To enhance the effect of simple therapeutic exercises recommended to combine with a visit to the pool.
Physiotherapy helps to reduce pain in the wrist and swelling. Popular treatments is the magnetic therapy, which causes vasodilatation, restores normal tissue nutrition. Also effective electrophoresis, allowing deeper penetration of medicines to the affected area.
A therapeutic diet prescribed to patients with gout and arthritis, helps to eliminate unpleasant symptoms. Patients are encouraged to eat foods rich in antioxidants and vitamins: vegetables and fruits, bran, nuts, herring, liver. Should be excluded from the diet foods that contain high percentage of fat and starch.
Effective in the treatment of arthritis of the joints of the hands and massage. A mild effect of massage improves the nutrition of tissues, relieves pain. Arthritis, osteoarthritis, rehabilitation after injury useful for Spa treatment. Has a beneficial effect on the joints balneotherapy, acupuncture, radon baths.
One of the most popular methods of sanatorium treatment of arthritis and osteoarthritis is a water — and mud therapy at the Dead sea. Medicinal composition of water and mud intensely nourishes the affected tissue, relieves pain, improves overall health of the patient.
Surgical treatment of diseases of the hands
Diseases of the joints of the hands with the time progress, accompanied by increasing pain, to relieve which can neither medication nor physiotherapy methods. If medications do not help, there is a constant pain and lost mobility, can be appointed surgery. One of the most popular methods of surgical intervention for arthritis and arthritis is arthrodesis. The operation involves pinning the joint in a functionally advantageous position. The result leaves the pain, restored mobility.
The second most popular method of surgical treatment — implantation of a prosthesis in the place of the diseased joint. Total joint replacement of the brush helps to eliminate pain, correct the deformity of the fingers and fully regain your lost mobility. In prosthetics we use modern prostheses, fully mimic the anatomy of the joint.
The selection of the preferred method of surgical treatment is determined after a complete diagnosis. After surgery, the patient is necessarily undergoing recovery procedures, including wearing splints and physical therapy.