Disks of the lumbar spine

Often people turn to doctors complaining of pain in the lumbar. The causes of such pain can be varied, and among them there is an unpleasant disease, as discos. The development of discose is caused by degenerative changes that affect the discs of the spine. This happens due to the deterioration of metabolic processes.

Дискоз поясничного отдела позвоночника

The disease is quite serious and is manifested after the implementation of pathologically changed tissue of the intervertebral disc into the lumen of the spinal canal. With the development of human disease are troubled by pain in the affected lumbar, significantly increases with progression of disease. Treatment discose of the lumbar spine is quite difficult, lengthy and requires a comprehensive approach.


Discos and risk factors

Medical science calls discotom process, taking place in degenerative form in the discs between the vertebrae. Usually the disease is accompanied by changes in the fibrous ring (hyalinization and dissociation), and then purposee — bulges in the direction of pozvonocna channel or in the opposite direction.

Most often this disease affects the person who is exposed to excessive exercise. Note that static loads frequently occur in the lumbar region, which explains the frequent diagnosis of this disease of the spine. However, quite often the lesion is subjected to pathology and cervical spine, which have a strong dynamic loads. Relative to the thoracic it is possible to say that the pathological changes observed in this extremely rare, because it rarely affected by heavy loads.

Frustrating that the progression of discose often leads to the fact that the process extends to the neighboring vertebrae by grabbing the joints and ligaments. And it provokes the development of osteoarthritis. Therefore, the treatment must be started immediately after its detection.

The development of the pathology of the lumbar can be provoked fairly large list of factors, but most often it is the result of excessive or unbalanced loads. However, not much less frequently the disease is provoked by different traumas and injuries of the vertebral region. Sometimes the cause of discose may serve as an unfavorable genetic factors.

To provoke the disease can regular physical fatigue, high body mass and a strong curvature of the spine caused by other reasons.


How is the pathology

The emergence of discose occurs as a result of extended desiccation of the intervertebral disc and gradual loss of its shock absorbing properties. During this process the disk starts to become more sensitive to excess loads, and the fibrous ring surrounding the vertebra on the periphery, constantly thins out. The result of the refinement of the ring is the emergence of cracks in it through which the move to the edges of the nucleus pulposus. Completing the process of the formation of the protrusions.

Increased or frequent physical activity along with the injury contribute to a sharp, abrupt protrusion into the spinal canal nucleus pulposus, together with a portion of the annulus. This causes a herniation. The consequence of this process in some cases is compression of the spine spinal cord and the appearance of radiculopathy.

The disease of the lumbar often provokes a slight decrease in the disc height, which leads to difficulties in the operation of the propulsion segment between adjacent vertebrae. The result may be the displacement of adjacent vertebrae and subluxation. Quite a long time, the pathology may not be seen, but it is necessary to excessive load, as in humans, there are quite a lot of pain.

Gradually developing disease leads to the formation of osteophytes, thickening of surrounding ligaments, fibrosis of the capsule and disc. As a result, there is a restoration of the mechanical stability of the lumbar spine. These phenomena mark the closing of the degenerative process in a human patient.

Дискоз поясничного отдела позвоночника

After the complete formation of abnormal growths in humans, the pain is much softened, and sometimes disappears completely. But there is another dangerous phenomenon – the spinal stenosis that lead to its pathological thinning, which can lead to compression or squashing of the spinal cord or nerve roots.


Diagnosis and signs

The symptoms of this disease particular circumstances have not. Neurological signs observed in discose, are found in most other pathologies of the spine at which the injury of the soft tissues. Like most other such diseases, discos can be chronic, acute and recurrent. Observed clinical picture is expressed quite acutely. Precipitating factor is often heavy lifting or other large load.

The most common symptom discose the lumbar is the lower back pain, in addition, can meet and other manifestations.

  • Lower back pain is distributed in the sciatic nerve.
  • The body takes a forced situation. The scoliosis starts to develop in the opposite herniated disc direction.
  • Any load leads to increased pain.
  • Increased pain may occur when diagnosing by percussion (tapping) of the lumbar spine.
  • The pain may spread to the legs, grabbing buttocks and reaching up to the foot.
  • A person suffering from discotom, deteriorating health, have problems with movement and pain start to worry even in sleep. Pathology constantly, though sometimes very gradually develops, so treatment is recommended to begin immediately after diagnosis.

    Discos as the rest of dystrophic lesions in the spine, can be diagnosed during radiographic examination.


    The treatment of the disease

    Treatment discose can be accomplished in several methods. But in any case, treatment is aimed at:

    • Optimization of metabolic processes in the human spine and throughout his body.
    • Improving blood circulation.
    • To reduce the load on the disks.
    • Recovery disk structure.
    • Recovery discs shock-absorbing abilities.
    • Stabilization of hydrostatics in the discs.
    • Slow and possible stop the progression of the disease.

    Recognized as the most optimal comprehensive treatment of the disease. This treatment is in combination of the use of medication, physical therapy, physiotherapy and traditional medicine.

    Methods
    Drug treatment method. Is the use of pain medications (analgesics or novocaine blockade), diuretics, microcirculation and drugs, decreasing the reflex muscle tension.
    Physiotherapy. As the physical treatments used UHF with hydrocortisone ointment, electrophoresis, magnetotherapy, laser therapy, hirudotherapy and some other methods.
    Treatment by spinal traction on an orthopedic table. Is used quite frequently when the disease with a pain of medium intensity. This medical procedure is carried out with use of special devices, stretching the spine.
    Underwater traction. If additional equipment can be used underwater traction, which is a more gentle person procedure. However, underwater traction is recommended with caution in patients with abnormalities of the heart or blood vessels, diseased kidneys, problems with the gall bladder and lactose and hydrogen sulfide.

    Timely treatment is very encouraging forecasts. When pain in the lower back it is recommended to immediately visit a physician and when the diagnosis of the disease immediately start treatment.

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