Dorsalgia (back) disc herniation — medial and diffuse

What is the danger dorsally of hernias and why it is important timely treatment

Many diseases of musculoskeletal apparatus, in particular of the spine, one begins to notice only in the case when not to pay attention to signs of illness is impossible. Dorsal hernia occurs most often in the cervical, lumbar or thoracic spine. It can have different sizes, located in both left and right sides.

In some cases, a dorsal hernia may alter the structural properties of the signals to the spinal cord due to narrowing of the spinal canal. The impact of the hernia on the body depends on its specific location, but a hernia anywhere and of any size requires attention and quick treatment.

The most common causes of dorsally hernias

Most hernias of this type develop on the background of diseases such as dysplasia and osteochondrosis. Dysplasia is a congenital genetic disease, changing the structure of connective tissue. As a result of changes the tissue loses its ability to withstand the loads on the individual elements of the intervertebral disc or ligaments of the spine.

Osteochondrosis causes disruption to the structure of the individual elements of the spine. This happens due to the inability of tissue repair and reducing the amount of liquid.

The factors causing the disease:

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  • Systemic metabolic disorders;
  • Diseases of the spine;
  • Traumatic injuries;
  • Posture;
  • Excessive physical exertion;
  • Infections that affect the spine.
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Most often, a dorsal hernia is formed long. From the onset of first symptoms before the full development of hernias can take a long time. Treatment should start as early as possible.

At the initial stage of the pathological process, the number of cured patients is more than 90%. If you start treatment in the later stages of development, may require surgical intervention.

Peculiarities of manifestation of and the danger dorsally hernias

Hernial protrusion in the case of this type of hernia is manifested ago (the term is dorsal). That is, aside from the spinal canal. So often there is a risk of compression of the substance of the spinal cord and surrounding membranes. Depending on the type of lesion, distinguish diffuse, medial and paramedicine hernia.

A hernia also may hurt the spinal nerves, which of nerve from each canal depart in pairs.

These processes cause severe and sharp pain, also impede movement and contribute to the development of gross neurological symptoms. All these symptoms indicate not only the presence of a hernia of this type, but also on the involvement of tissues of the nervous system.

In addition to the constant pain the main symptoms also include muscle weakness, impaired sensation in the area of herniation. Moreover, in advanced cases, there may be complete loss of sensitivity.

Frequent divisions localization of hernias and manifestations of

The most probable localization of the protrusions is dorsal herniated discs l5-s1 and l4-l5. This portion of the spine have the greatest load, this explains the most frequent localization.

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Almost any body position, including horizontal, the load on the lumbar-sacral segment.

Such localization of the pain will be felt under any amount of load. It may be limitation of motion dorsally especially when the herniated disc l4 l5.

Because of disease progression, people with a hernia of this type sometimes are not even able to dress themselves.


Diagnosis and optimal treatment options

The most rapid and successful diagnosis after MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). Despite the complexity of the process that he can more accurately and without harm to human health to determine the presence of a hernia, the accurate location and size.

The same procedure is sometimes done with the CT (computed tomography). But in the case of CT scan, the doctors do not guarantee maximum accuracy of the results.

The success of treatment depends on timely diagnosis of the disease. When the patient to seek help from a doctor at the stage of acute hernia, but the doctor has to prescribe simultaneously painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, to do more research.

When the medial dorsal hernia possible option of conservative treatment. But in this case, be sure to follow all recommendations of the doctor and always go to see him. Specific treatment program depends on the size of the hernia, the dynamics of its growth and efficiency of the treatment.

During the treatment methods of manual treatment should be the less active, the more severe the patient’s condition.

Physiotherapy in this disease as a treatment is not always justified. In the later stages of development of this type Kryzhi to eliminate the disease, possibly surgical intervention. It is used to dorsally sequestered hernia and refers to complications.

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Possible complications

Without proper treatment, almost all hernias tend to increase and further develop. Due to the compression can be formed tetraparesis or paraparesis.

Sometimes there are disorders of pelvic organs, incontinence of feces and urine.

To prevent complications and to provide your body with the timely help at the first back pain must see a doctor and find out the cause of unpleasant feelings.

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