Dorsopathy of the thoracic spine: symptoms, treatment and complications
Dorsopathy of the thoracic spine: treatment
The back is the main supporting-support apparatus of our body, it is like a Foundation to a house. If the Foundation is wrong, the donkey or something happened to him, the collapse of the whole house. Also with our body.
The health of the entire musculoskeletal system depends on the spine. Therefore, any pathological changes and disorders can lead to disaster.
But if before people thought about their health, adopt a healthy lifestyle, every morning and evening doing exercises, now, unfortunately, people are lazy, have invented a huge number of automatic systems that perform the work themselves and either work all day at a computer, or simply are not very active lifestyle.
All this has led to the development of such diseases as dorsopathy.
Particularly violations of the
Dorsopathy is a group of diseases of the spine, including all violations, accompanied by degenerative-dystrophic processes in bones and joints. The localization process can be in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine.
Thoracic spine more than any other of the departments is in motion. This is due to the fact that the ribs and muscles of the back are involved in the act of respiration.
Therefore, it is considered that the defeat of this division is less common and the process more benign. Most often affects the lower vertebrae of the thoracic, because they are more exposed upper compression and less involved in the excursion of the chest.
According to the international classification of diseases of the world health organization, the group of dorsopathies thoracic includes:
- scoliosis of the thoracic;
- osteoarthritis of intervertebral joints;
- osteoporosis of the thoracic spine.
Many reasons and not one specific
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Causes thoracic dorsopathy:
- the most common etiological cause, against which develops this disease is osteochondrosis;
- infectious diseases;
- genetic predisposition;
- lack of exercise;
- endocrine diseases;
- frequent injuries and hypothermia;
Risk factors should include:
- sedentary lifestyle;
- static awkward body position;
- heavy physical labor;
- uneven distribution of the load on the spine etc.
A set of characteristics common to the violations
Symptoms dorsopathies thoracic spine is quite diverse and can diagnose the disease.
The pain may be of diverse character: sharp, dull, stabbing, cutting, aching, shooting, growing, dying, etc.
Localized pain in the thoracic spine, often in the upper region, so that this pathology is often confused with painful attacks of cardiac origin.
This happens because the pain often is in the nature of inner pain. That is, the patient think that hurts him back, and, for example, the heart.
Very pain often occur with enhanced physical activity after the adoption of the horizontal position of the discomfort usually subside slowly and terminated at the time.
Pain can wear paroxysmal in nature, that is, severe pain may be replaced by a light painless periods. Also pain syndrome can be a continuous aching in nature.
Perhaps shallow breathing on the type of asthmatic attack. It occurs due to spasm of the muscles involved in the breathing process, and also due to the pain attack.
They manifest themselves by a feeling of tingling, pins and needles, numbness, pains in different parts of the spine, hands and feet.
There paresthesia (increased sensitivity) or, conversely, loss of sensation of the upper or lower belt of the limbs.
The decrease in the number of motor activity
This happens because of severe pain when turning, bending, that is, when driving.
The onset of pain may even lead the act of breathing, as chest muscles are involved in this process. All this leads to the fact that the patient tries to be less likely to move.
Due to the decrease in motor activity, feelings of numbness and spasm of muscles and muscle atrophy, reducing muscle mass.
Also involution is exposed and the skin in the chest area. Skin turgor is reduced, it dries up and becomes flabby.
Irritability as a result
All this leads to constant irritation, apathy, nervousness. Will join the psychological stress that only worsens the patient’s condition.
Diagnosis dorsopathies thoracic complicated by the fact that the projection of pain coincides with the projection of pain associated with painful heart attacks.
It can also be confused with pain attacks in the background of the act of breathing. All this complicates diagnosis and requires additional time and methods for the survey.
Doctor-neurologist makes a diagnosis based on the clinical presentation of disease, complaints, medical histories and surveys.
The survey standard:
- First intake of General and biochemical blood analysis, a standard procedure, little information to differentiate this pathology, but allows you to exclude other acute diseases.
- Further, assigned to the x-ray, CT or MRI scan of the thoracic spine.
- As a variant of the applied ultrasound.
- In addition, conducted neurological tests. There are a great many, it is specially designed for the detection and differentiation of such diseases.
Based on all obtained data, a diagnosis and treatment.
In addition dorsopathies thoracic, there are also lesions of the cervical and lumbar.
Pain and symptoms of these departments can often radiate into his chest, mimic dorsopathy brisket. Therefore, you should exercise greater care in the diagnosis and differentiation of thoracic disorders from other diseases.
Therapeutic aims and methods
Treatment dorsopathy spine is aimed at relieving pain, relieving inflammation and improving the patient’s life.
First and foremost, at the time of treatment it is necessary to prescribe bed rest. It is necessary to relieve stress and loads on the spine.
Are assigned non-steroidal anti-inflammatory remedies: Ibuprofen, Diclofenac.
For acute pain is assigned intramuscular injection of baralgin, analgin. Appoint such drugs alone is not recommended.
To apply them it is necessary strictly under the supervision of a physician, as they have a huge number of contraindications and complications.
Next, you can assign a warming ointment. They increase blood flow, reduce inflammation and spasm of muscle muscle. Such ointments include Voltaren, Helps, symptoms.
In severe cases, appointed medical blockade. Usually a combination of drugs, for example, a strong anesthetic and glucocorticosteroid anti-inflammatory agent, is injected into the projection area of the nerve trunk.
In medicine it is called stem anesthesia. It reduces pain, reduces inflammation. The procedure is performed in hospital by a doctor. Often it is not recommended.
Muscle relaxants – are assigned to eliminate the spasm of the muscles and relaxation.
You can use sedatives, for example, a simple tincture of Valerian root or motherwort. Relieve emotional stress and help to restore the psychological balance of the patient.
Surgery is an extreme measure, but effective
It is possible to use surgical treatment methods. They are used rarely and only in very severe cases, for example, when the articular disc bulging, protrusion or spinal hernia.
The essence of the operation is to eliminate pressure on adjacent nerve endings, reducing pain, and to restore the integrity of the fibrous articular ring.
After eliminating the acute stage of inflammation is assigned to maintenance therapy. It must include:
- Medical-gymnastic complex.
- Physiotherapy is, as a rule, exposed to heat, e.g., UHF. Heat improves blood circulation at the site of injury, relieves pain.
- Massage – is prescribed only in the form of rubbing and stroking. The main purpose of massage is to relieve spasm and tension with the muscular apparatus of the spine.
- Manual therapy.
Nowadays, a wide application began to receive curative treatments such as magnetic and laser therapy. It is believed that the magnetic waves and laser rays reduce inflammation, improve blood flow to areas of injury. All this contributes to the restoration of the thoracic spine.
Effective massage techniques for abnormality in the thoracic spine:
Prevention is simple as twice two
Prevention of such diseases as dorsopathy, it is, first and foremost, an active lifestyle. You need to perform basic exercises, definitely 2-3 times a day.
Avoid hypothermia, injury, or heavy physical work. Often walk, spend time in nature.
Timely treat many infectious and viral diseases. Necessarily, at least once a year, undergoing a comprehensive preventive medical examination.
This will help you to protect yourself not only from dorsopathy, but from a huge number of other equally serious diseases.
Complications and problems
This disease is dangerous many complications. In addition to reducing motor activity, deterioration in General health status.
Any movement back into the chest, and in other areas of the spine causes pain. Often these pains can radiate to other parts of the body.
With the progression of the disease, you may complete «immobilization» in the thoracic spine. In addition, turn on a cascade of reactions involving in pathological process of other organs and systems of the body, primarily the heart and lungs.
In itself it affects the life of the patient, reduces its efficiency, leading to reduced physical activity. This leads to the fact that gradually the person loses his usual lifestyle.
He can’t go for a walk, walk the dog, meet with friends, to rejoice and delight the grandchildren, children, friends or just others. Pay attention to your main support life and health back because she is the main key to your Wellness.