Exercises for hip joints in physical therapy

Упражнения для тазобедренных суставов в лечебной физкультуре

Proper development of the joint ensures correct gait and posture

The joint is a movable connection of bones. We often do not think about their condition, believing that a clear job of the skeletal system is a natural phenomenon. Actually it is, but each person may appear problems, manifested by pain of varying intensity.

In youth we don’t follow their own mobility and not distribute the stress on the joints, everything goes on by itself. However, over time the articular cartilage wears out and the person begins to understand that it is important to maintain the joints in «working» condition. Diseases of the musculoskeletal system are often accompanied by pain and in severe cases can lead to limitation of mobility. Joints treatment in most cases is conservative way. Surgery is used in rare cases when the joint is severely damaged. One of effective methods of conservative treatment is gymnastics. Most often problems arise in the hip joints, so their condition is necessary to monitor very carefully.

Therapeutic physical culture (physical therapy) is a unique treatment method, which is a specially selected set of exercises. Therapy includes a variety of concepts: breathing exercises after a major operation, learning to walk after injuries, and the development of movements in the joint after hip replacement surgery. Exercise can be both active (the patient performs on their own) and passive (used equipment).


Causes of pain

Why is there pain in your joints? The hip joint on its structure resembles a hinge, which is covered with a cartilaginous sheath. If it’s not enough to «lubricate» the cartilage, the movement of the person confined. With age it becomes less and less, and this phenomenon contributes to the emergence of new problems, accompanied by pain in the joints. When the friction of bones begins to grow, suffer cartilage. The result is a deformity of the joint.

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Упражнения для тазобедренных суставов в лечебной физкультуре

The person begins to experience severe pain and trying to avoid the physical burden on the patient’s joint. Over time, this leads to the fact that muscles of the affected legs begin to atrophy, thereby increasing the pain. If you consider the fact that most people are used to self-medicate and delay going to the doctor until the end, the situation becomes extremely unpleasant. When treatment begins at a late stage of the disease, the joint is rather strongly deformed and restore the cartilage is often no longer possible.

To suspend the development of the disease, is assigned a number of drugs. This and pain meds and anti-inflammatories, and muscle relaxants (drugs to relieve muscle spasm). But this treatment is not limited, as necessary to maintain the physical tone of the muscles, so that in future they could function properly. The main role is played by physiotherapy.


Specificity of exercises for the hip joint

Treatment of the hip joint is a very complex and lengthy process. Therapeutic exercise is an integral part thereof. Charging is always necessary and useful, it preserves mobility of a joint. Because when you exercise will be used is the affected joint, the movements are selected in such a way as not to harm the patient.

This complex should not be performed overly vigorously. Medical gymnastics is to develop the affected joint and not aggravate the situation by receiving a new trauma. Therapeutic exercises are static rather than dynamic. Exercises for the hip joint also includes a massage of the muscles in the affected areas before and after exercise therapy. Massage can be performed always when there is discomfort during exercise.

The most important rule of medical gymnastics: do not go for those exercises that are difficult are for you, the hurt. If you are experiencing pain — this means that exercise harm you.


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Gymnastics with dysplasia

Упражнения для тазобедренных суставов в лечебной физкультуре

Options developmental disorders of the hip joint of the person

Dysplasia of the joint is its congenital hypoplasia. Hip dysplasia may lead to subluxation or dislocation of the femoral head.
Massage and gymnastics in this disease are highly effective treatment methods. For complete recovery of a newborn baby grabs a few courses (1 course includes about 15 sessions). However, if handled professionally, it can harm a newborn, so treatments should be conducted by a specialist. Massage for hip dysplasia do 1 time a day. Best to hold it when the child will feel rested, well-fed and cheerful.

A set of exercises with hip dysplasia:

  • Stroking. Spiral movement of the hand make the strokes on the outer surface of the legs of the baby from Shin to hip. The process shouldn’t take more than 5 minutes.
  • Rubbing. Accurate movements of the fingers RUB his leg trying to feel the joint. It is not necessary to apply more force and pressure, try to do it slowly and gently. Rubbing should not take more than 2 minutes.
  • Felting. Take the child in his arms, gripping his thigh (hands should be in position «pumps»). About a minute, shake the kid’s foot between the hands. You can still make a rubbing of the lower back and buttocks to improve circulation of blood .
  • It is important to know that the treatment of dysplasia quite a long process, so be calm, patience and perseverance.

    Principles of treatment of dysplasia are diagnosed (the sooner this is done, the easier and faster you can achieve full recovery), the use of orthopedic tools to keep the feet in different positions in medical gymnastics. It is necessary to clearly follow the instructions of the professional who made the medical program. It is not necessary to make amendments to the advice of a podiatrist, since your arbitrariness may lead to undesirable results.