Fatigue fracture (stress fracture) foot and other bones: causes and treatment

Stress fracture: characteristics, prevention and treatment of injuries

Athletes and people engaged in sports activities, are often faced with various injuries, among which the most common are stress or fatigue fractures.

There are many factors that can cause such problems as methods of treatment.

The processes that lead to injury

It is no secret that muscle tissue can regenerate.

In the case that the resulting microtrauma, it is self-restored after some time, however, this is true in the normal loads.

However, in the case with athletes or people leading an active lifestyle, especially if it is the newcomers, it looks a little different. Because of the constant stress and training, the person receives a minor injury.

They are easy to ignore, but as you accumulate, the body gets an overload, without having to regenerate the damaged area, and the result is a stress fracture.

The main factors of its occurrence can be:

  • shoes;
  • too high of a load;
  • coverage in the gym;
  • unfamiliar surface, such as a change of soil;
  • weak muscle tone;
  • weight problems;
  • bone disease such as osteoporosis or a decrease in the strength of the bone tissue;
  • hormonal and clinical changes.

In other words, the stress fracture is the consequence of an excessive load on the legs, causing the muscles get overworked and no longer absorb the impact on the bones.

In the end there is a crack called a stress fracture.

According to research, most often, fatigue fractures affect women also at risk are those who engage in long-distance running, gymnasts, tennis players, dancers and those sports where the main burden falls on his feet.

Such injuries are common for athletes who do not have periods for rest between competitions and training.

The first manifestation

Podiatrist Dikul: «the Penny product is No. 1 to restore the normal blood supply to the joints. Back and joints will be like in 18 years, enough time in the day to smear… Read more

The main symptom is a sharp pain that subsides at rest, and then increases in physical activity. At the site of injury occurs swelling and fever.

READ  The development of the elbow joint after fracture recovery

In half of the cases, fatigue fracture can sometimes be the area of the bone of the foot and lower leg in the second half suffer from neck and femoral head, sacrum, pubic, ischium, and the lower and upper extremities of the pelvis.

Approach to diagnosis

In fact, the majority of stress fractures are able to heal on their own, if you want surgical intervention, it is in very rare cases.

Trauma is diagnosed by two methods: with the use of palpation and x-ray.

In the first case, to diagnose accurately the presence and location of a fracture can be not accurate, especially when it comes to hip area.

The tests by palpation are applied after specified levels of physical activity, and the diagnosis is made with positive pain results.

More precise information is obtained with the use of x-rays. However, this is not always possible, some fractures appear in the picture only after several weeks after the injury. Therefore, in addition applied imaging.

How to restore health?

As already mentioned, such fractures usually heal on their own.

The main condition for complete recovery is to significantly reduce normal loads or lifting for 6 – 8 weeks.

However, this does not mean a total rejection of physical activity, it is even recommended, but there is only one condition: it must not cause pain and discomfort.

Because, if heavily involved, and then abruptly stop moving at a normal pace, you can get even more extensive stress fractures, which can greatly complicate treatment.

It is recommended to wear special fasteners and inserts in shoes, in order to ease the load on the damaged joint or bone.

In addition, usually recommend patients to do water aerobics, swim or pedal on a stationary bike. Also do not neglect and a crutch, in some superimposed plaster bandage.

READ  The pain below the waist in women and men to the right and left rear

To facilitate General condition used analgesic and mild inflammation, however, in most cases, this is not required.

Intervention surgeons required only in the case of a displaced fracture. Usually this occurs if the injured neck of the femur. In other cases, normally assigned to traditional treatments.

The reduction of the level of stress is very important if the athlete refuses to follow the recommendations and continues to train as usual, it can permanently ruin their careers and never return to normal life.

Possible complications

As with any other kind of fracture, if it is wrong to follow the doctor’s recommendations or disrupt the treatment process, it is possible to certain complications that will hinder to lead a normal life and play sports:

  • bone deformation inhibits the ability to move normally;
  • the development of a rather unpleasant disease – osteoarthritis;
  • prolonged dull pain in a place of crisis into a chronic, etc.

In addition to not purchase chronic disorders, repeated stress fractures should be avoided. Otherwise, the chances of it healing are significantly reduced.

How to avoid injury?

As stated in one well-known saying, stress fracture it is better to prevent than in the long term to deprive themselves of the joy of sports.

It is better to follow medical recommendations and to take preventive measures:

  1. Any activity should start with small loads, and only after the body get used to them, you can begin to their capacity. For example, deciding to run in the mornings, it is better to choose a distance 2 km, to get used to it and gradually increase, approaching this goal in a few weeks.
  2. It is best not to purposefully engage in one sport, and can choose several options for pursuing the same goal. For example, if you have chosen Jogging as a cardio training, then you can also use Cycling walking or doing complex strength exercises, alternating them with exercises aimed at developing flexibility. So the load is distributed more evenly, the muscles have time to relax and the likelihood of injury decreases significantly.
  3. Do not forget that it is important for muscles and healthy diet, especially foods in a large amount of vitamin D.
  4. You need to choose sports equipment in the first place, it must be of high quality. Shoes should be comfortable and new, so it should be replaced as they wear.
  5. If you have any tumor, swelling or pain, the exercise should be abandoned for a few weeks. If during the month they are saved, it is better to consult a doctor.
  6. To return to the previous loads is possible only when the injury is fully healed, not immediately, but gradually increasing their level.
READ  Rheumatoid arthritis: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Sport is undoubtedly a useful exercise, which you can use to significantly improve their own health both mentally and physically.

But do not forget that excessive zeal might lead to the opposite result, in the best case you can get normal stretch, and in a worst case scenario– getting chronic complication after fracture.

On the prevention of injury to the knees:

So do be very careful, carefully observing the advice of more experienced athletes.