Fluid in the knee joint: causes and treatment of the disease
Why in the knee accumulates fluid and what to do?
Movement – life! In this sentence lies a deep meaning, because to maintain their vitality and meet the physiological needs, the human need to move.
Every day a person makes hundreds of movements, the possibility of committing which provide the joints.
The functioning of the knee joint is necessary to ensure normal motor activity of the human body.
Despite the fact that the knee is the largest joint in the human body, it is very fragile. Fragility explains falling on the knee a large physical load and exposure.
A short course in anatomy
The knee joint (the knee) is the connection of three bones: the femur (top) and tibia (bottom) bone of the patella or kneecap (front).
The femur and tibia connect the two menisci and cartilage layers of semi lunar shape that increases the contact area of the bones.
A stable position of bones relative to each other ligaments: anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments tibial and fibular ligaments.
The joint is in a capsule. Its inner layer called the synovial membrane (synovia).
It produces synovia synovial fluid, which is a kind of absorber that reduces the external influence that feed the cartilage, circulates substances within the knee joint.
Due to the impact of negative factors synovia becomes inflamed, which leads to excessive production of synovial fluid, whereby the fluid is accumulated inside the joint.
The disease is caused by a buildup of fluid, called synovitis of the knee joint.
The liquid can be of different nature (serous, purulent, fibrinous, hemorrhagic).
What are the causes?
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The reasons for the accumulation of fluid in the knee quite a lot, ranging from infectious diseases, ending with knee injuries.
The most common cause is trauma that occurs when a sudden impact on the knee (jump, fall, hit, etc.). These include:
- damage to the meniscus;
- hemarthrosis (bleeding);
- stretching and tearing of ligaments;
- a knee injury;
- fracture of the patella.
The most common cause is rupture of the cruciate ligaments.
Such breaks sometimes accompanied by fractures of the bony plates at the mounting locations of ligaments, loosening of the knee joint, resulting in limbs lose musculoskeletal function.
As a result of cruciate ligament rupture there is severe pain, there may be hemorrhage into the joint (hemarthrosis).
Also a common cause of ascites were chronic diseases of the joints: arthritis, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, gout.
Another reason for the synovitis of the knee joint is a suppurative inflammation which causes bursitis. Pus is formed as a result of vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body through open wounds or the bloodstream.
The most rare cause of excess fluid in the joint is an allergic reaction to various allergens.
Typical signs of problems
The symptoms that accompany the accumulation of fluid:
- a sharp pain and a feeling of pressure inside the knee joint;
- the increase in size of the knee: swelling, swelling;
- inflammation of the knee joint, sometimes accompanied by fever and irritation at the knee;
- restriction of motor function of the legs.
The first symptoms some time after injury to the joint.
In the first place will be swollen, accompanied by pain in the knee region. Then excess liquid deforms the knee joint, which leads to a restriction of his mobility.
Doctors distinguish several groups of people at risk.
Perhaps you are at risk
Most likely the accumulation of excess fluid in the joints from the following people:
- People with excess weight suffering from obesity. Susceptibility to inflammation of the synovial membrane is associated with an enormous burden on the knee joint caused by excessive weight. Under the force of the weight may damage the cartilage, causing to become inflamed of sinawi and accumulate fluid.
- People involved in sports and leading an extreme lifestyle. Athletes often injure the knee due to the large load on the legs.
- People of retirement age. With age, body tissues lose their elasticity, which leads to their depletion. Due to age-related changes in the body develop orthopedic disease of the joints which provoke synovitis.
Upon detection of synovitis symptoms, you should immediately seek the advice of a specialist. Detection of disease at an early stage will preserve the integrity of the synovial membrane and cartilage.
Otherwise, the normal maintenance of the motor function of the limb becomes impossible.
So what to do?
To date, there are two main ways of traditional treatment of diseases related to excess fluid in the knee joint: conservative (use of drugs) and surgically.
As a separate method, emit a puncture or anthracenes. The most effective combination of these methods.
Surgery is an extreme measure and used only in advanced cases. Therefore, the sooner will be revealed synovitis, the more chances to preserve the integrity of the joint and the motor function of the legs.
If conservative treatment prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs to eliminate pain symptoms and swelling of the joint.
The drug is taken both internally and topically in the form of ointments, with purulent inflammation of prescribe a course of antibiotics to destroy the infection.
Atrocent: what is the procedure?
Today widely used procedure puncture (puncture).
The procedure of puncture fluid of the knee joint is called anthracenes. Apply this method for further diagnosis and removal of the liquid.
This procedure is performed under local anesthesia and consists in pumping excess fluid, pus or blood with a special syringe with a needle.
After the puncture, in the knee joint injected antibiotic solution or antibiotic to prevent infection. Further treatment depends on the reasons for the accumulation of fluid and is carried out under strict medical supervision.
Grandma’s recipes — and why not?
For the withdrawal of excess fluid and prevention of diseases of the knee joint can be used treatment of folk remedies.
Here are time-tested recipes:
- A poultice using the herb comfrey. For the manufacture of ointment, you must take a glass of crushed comfrey with bacon (200g), mix them and put into the refrigerator for 5 days. In the future, the compress should be applied morning and evening, rubbing it into the inflamed joint.
- Infusion of herbs: thyme, yarrow, mistletoe, eucalyptus, Echinacea, pyrethrum (tansy), walnut, birch leaves. Herbs need to be mixed in equal quantity. To prepare to pour 1 tbsp. l. collection in two cups of hot water. The infusion needs to steep for 1 hour, after which it can be used. You should drink three times a day 150 ml during the meal.
- Laurel oil. For the preparation you will need 2 tbsp. dried chopped Bay leaf and a Cup of vegetable or olive oil. The resulting oil should infuse for weeks. The resulting oil should be filtered and massaged to RUB in the knee morning and evening.
- Tincture of black walnut. This tincture is used as a remedy against worms, since the presence of a small amount of worms in the body can lead to the development of synovitis. To take an infusion every day, a teaspoon before a meal.
- Rye broth. To prepare the broth needed a half Cup of rye, pour under running water and boil. Once the broth has cooled you need to add one tablespoon of barberry root, 150 ml of vodka and honey (500g). The resulting broth should insist three weeks. Take a decoction need 3 tablespoons 3 times a day before meals.
Traditional medicines effectively remove the excess fluid from the knee, however, this is not enough for a full treatment of concomitant diseases.
Upon detection of synovitis symptoms need as early as possible to seek the advice of a specialist.
Identifying at an early stage of the disease to avoid tissue damage of the joints, which will keep the musculoskeletal function of the foot and to avoid recurrence of the disease.