Gout: causes and treatment, prevention and folk medicine
Gout is called the disease associated with metabolic disorders. During this disease is the deposition of urate (uric acid) in joints. In most cases gout occurs in men after 40 years. Women are subjected to this disease mostly after menopause.
The defeat of gout are often joints of the fingers, both hands and feet. The disease can easily become chronic, so it is important to begin treatment.
What causes gout and how it manifests itself
The causes of gout are rooted in sustained and elevated levels of uric acid in the blood. With the development of the disease the urate crystals gradually deposited throughout the body, including joints. As a result, starts the process of destruction of the joints, which is called microcrystalline.
Causes of high uric acid levels is the inability of the kidneys to handle the excretion of this substance from the body. Gout may be caused by frequent consumption of food with high content of purines: oily fish, meat, alcohol, etc.
What occurs gout (the causes), you now know, but what are the first symptoms of the disease? First there is an inflammatory process in one of the joints. As a consequence, the person is subjected to the attack of gouty arthritis. In most cases, the disease affects the joints of both big toes, a little less often, the ankle and knee joints.
Gout most often makes itself felt in the early morning. The pain is characterized as sudden, oppressive and very strong. In some cases there may be redness and swelling of the affected joint. Such aggravation may last up to several days, the patient requires urgent treatment. Re attack is dangerous because there is a risk of getting the disease in nearby joints. It ends, as a rule, the partial destruction of the joint.
For gout characteristic outgrowths (tophi) in the area of the affected joint. The amount of uric acid in the blood of the patient in this period is very high.
One of the most serious complications of the disease is considered to be gouty arthritis with nodules in the exposed to the disease joints. In addition, gout can cause kidney stones. Patients complain of renal colic.
Tophi or gouty nodes (a conglomerate of monosodium urate crystals) may form in any part of the human body. In case of delay in deposits in the joint or periarticular tissue, the body perceives them as foreign bodies. This results in the accumulation of leukocytes, which leads to serious inflammation, which is known as gouty arthritis.
Uric acid as a major factor in the development of the disease
The most vulnerable — the joints of the big toes. The resulting gout often manifests itself in the course of the year. Treatment can relieve the aggravation, the disease is relieved, but forget about it forever fail. Typically, the interval between attacks gradually reduced.
Gout contributes to serious metabolic disorders. Purines enter the body with food, he also is able to produce them. When broken down purines producing uric acid. As you know, it is excreted by the kidneys. At higher acid levels occur taxation of salts in the tissues with poor blood supply, since in these places the crystals get fixed better. This primarily relates to cartilage, tendons, and joints.
The development of gout-prone people:
- with a hereditary predisposition to the disease;
- leading a sedentary lifestyle;
- prefer to wear tight or uncomfortable shoes;
- consuming unhealthy, fatty foods.
Prevention and treatment of gout
As practice shows, in most cases, treatment does not give instant results, the attack of gout takes place some time later. Before this happens the patient suffers severe pressing headache. First, the treatment requires strict bed rest. Under the feet of the affected joints is recommended to put a hard pillow.
With the aim to numb the unbearable pain over the affected joints apply ice. After the pain subsided, the affected area can RUB dimexide or ointment Vishnevsky. In addition, the treatment and prevention of gout need to be closely monitored diet. Include in your diet broths made of vegetables and not too thick porridge. Recommended consumption of about 3 liters of fluid during the day. It is well suitable alkali-con-taining products:
- a decoction of oatmeal;
- lemon juice added to plain water;
- mineral water.
Receive pain medication result almost does not. A certain effect in the treatment of gout can be achieved by using anti-inflammatory drugs, not having in its composition of steroids. Prevention of disease is carried out with the help of meds, that assigns attending physician of the patient.
Prevention of gout is necessary in order to prevent aggravation and to prevent the recurrence of the disease. Very often, the disease affects previously injured joints. This suggests that any injury requires a specific treatment. The rule is to wear only comfortable shoes. Narrow shoes can cause serious damage to the big toe joint. To gout has not given complications and exacerbations, do not forget to be careful with my diet.
Try to minimize the consumption of foods containing proteins, among which we can mention:
With this diet the body weight of the patient will normalize, which will reduce stress on affected joints. Try to drink less coffee, cocoa and tea.
To avoid aggravation of the disease will help special exercises. Thus special attention should be taken to the affected joints. Often make Hiking.
Traditional and folk methods of treatment
The main condition in the treatment of this disease is to control the level of uric acid. Medical treatment usually prescribed by your doctor-rheumatologist. The purpose of the regulations is the normalization of uric acid level in the body, that is, its excretion. Not allowed treatment with drugs of their choice because it may seriously harm your health.
The most common NSAIDs to treat gout are:
To help quickly reduce the level of uric acid content will help these drugs:
- orotic acid;
To stop an acute syndromes of the disease helps the adoption of colchicine.
To facilitate the exacerbation can use traditional methods.
Cleans joints of boiled rice. To 0.5 liters of water 2 tbsp of rice. Before cook, it should infuse for a few hours, the entire process of preparation should be repeated 4 times. After this the rice you need to wash and eat. At the same time try to do without adding oil and salt. After eating 4 hours do not eat or drink. To get the perfect result eat food to rice in the morning and evening for 1 month.