Headache in cervical osteochondrosis — treatment and prevention of disease
Headache in cervical osteochondrosis depends on the pathological changes in medicine, received the name of low back pain. Most frequently this pathology is manifested in the cervical spine. Hence, the pronounced dependence of the appearance of a headache due to issues primarily in the cervical region.
This is due to the fact that between the vertebrae there are intervertebral discs. They function as shock absorbers, reducing the pressure on the entire spine and distributing the load evenly between all the vertebrae. Wheels are a cartilage pads, each of which consists of nucleus pulposus and fibrous ring.
Specialists noticed: the intervertebral disc is thicker, the pressure on him is extinguished effectively. But if the vertebrae are flat, and the execution of its functions is not so obvious. Over time the elasticity of the nucleus pulposus decreases, causing cushioning of the intervertebral discs is reduced.
Destructive processes in osteoarthritis
The emergence and development of osteochondrosis primarily stimulates pathological changes in the gelatinous core, which first dries and then its tissue die. For this reason, the disc itself, which — was in such a state, becomes less elastic. As a result, destroyed the fibers of the fibrous ring, which is covered with cracks.
This leads to the fact that the disk is flattened, protruding beyond the vertebrae, thereby allowing the deformed intervertebral discs and to bond with the neighboring disks. And it already increases load on the intervertebral joints. In the joints of the vertebrae occur destructive changes, known as spondylosis.
Between the vertebrae include nerve roots or fibers. Due to the fact that the fibrous ring bulges due to the flattening of the intervertebral disc, the nerve fibers are stretched. In these fibers due to the tension there is swelling and non-contagious inflammation that causes painful symptoms.
It is characteristic that the x-rays in patients with degenerative disc disease will only show a decrease in the gap between the vertebrate disks. Other destructive changes in this study to identify fail. But this does not mean that the disease is not available.
Due to the fact that intervertebral discs lose their shock-absorbing properties, and the fibrous ring acts hand, increases the pressure on the edges of the vertebral bodies. This leads to increased tension of the anterior longitudinal ligament covering the front and lateral surface of bodies of vertebrae and disks that exhibit bony growths because of reactive changes of the structures on their edges. In the picture of the patient such growths are observed in bone formation, resembling spikes, antennae and beaks. These bony growths provoke bone and fibrous changes of the vertebrae and are referred to as spondylosis deformans.
Why am I having headaches and dizziness
Headaches and dizziness usually occur in cervical osteochondrosis. Problems in the lower back or thoracic spine is not a direct cause of headache symptoms. To lead them that is destructive changes of the cervical intervertebral discs. The pathology is not only limited to headache and dizziness. The patient may experience impaired coordination. In some cases there are vision problems.
The fact that the vertebral artery providing blood flow to the brain, pass through the channels located in the transverse processes of second to sixth cervical vertebrae. Pass through them and nerve fibers, called in medicine «the nerve of Frank.» If these vertebrae begin to deform, happen pathological processes in the spine, wherein the vertebrae are formed of bone growth. These growths provoke narrowing of the spinal canal, causing these vessels and nerves are compressed.
Bony growths, known as osteophytes, are the cause of the pain. Those that grow toward the muscles that have irritating effect, causing a reflex muscle spasm.
Because of this spasm intervertebral discs are narrowed, increasing occurrence of the disease. Not all bony growths are irritating effects on the muscles. Some of them has similar effects on nerve fibers in the area of exit from the vertebral column. Such an effect is accompanied by pain and cramps. The area of manifestation of these symptoms depend on where the damaged area.
Compression and displacement of the cervical structures as the cause of the pain
Another bone growth can be directed to the channel of the transverse processes. They have irritating effect on the sympathetic nerve franc. This results in spasm of the vertebral artery, which is accompanied by mechanical pressure on it. This leads to the fact that blood circulation of blood vessels of the brain. For poor circulation of the brain should be the emergence and development of ischemic attacks of the brain. It is because of these attacks the patient is experiencing symptoms such as nausea and headache. A person may experience dizziness, disturbed coordination, and weakens the eyesight.
But in addition to osteophytes, bony outgrowths, vertebral artery and nerve are compressed due to the fact that there is a displacement of the disk in different directions such as left and right, and in the posterolateral direction. Hernia can be protrusion of the disc inside the spinal canal and subluxation of the cervical vertebrae themselves that lead to constriction of the arteries and nerve.
Any unnatural displacement of the vertebrae, including as a result of regular stay in an unnatural posture during work or sleep, is accompanied by compression of vessels and neural structures. In addition, due to the mental fatigue and high physical stress in humans may cause muscular spasm. As a result, blood circulation of blood vessels of the brain, symptoms of which are dizziness and headaches.
Manifestations of osteochondrosis and their features
When cervical osteochondrosis headaches. These painful sensations occur with moderate intensity. Many patients complain that they experience long, long pain. Patients associate their feelings with the fact that the skull as if compressed by some unknown force. But the pain symptoms are not sharp, but blunt.
Some patients may describe their pain as verlasse impact on the head. Pain symptoms occur paroxysmal, that is, are periodic and of relatively short duration. The attack period lasts from two hours to two-three days.
It is very important that the pain symptoms occur unilaterally. Their hearth is formed in the cervical-occipital region, but the patient perceives them in the temples and in the frontal lobe of the head. These attacks are accompanied by the fact that the patient is difficult to endure bright light, he dramatically increased sensitivity to sound, my eyes veiled over.
Most often, patients can’t turn your neck or do it with difficulty. This is because the neck muscles are in a stressed state. If the patient for a long period of time is in some kind of unnatural uncomfortable position, the pain symptoms are worse with immobility of the neck.
Headache arising from cervical degenerative disc disease can occur alone, but usually it is accompanied by pain in the shoulder joints and hands.
What contributes to periodic strengthening the painful symptoms
As mentioned above, the headaches last from several hours to several days. After a while they would happen again. Again they are not themselves, and one of the reasons that contribute to the periodic appearance and enhance these symptoms. Such reasons are many, but their nature is one sedentary lifestyle. For example, due to the fact that the patient spends a long time at the computer, machine or sales counter, his body a very long time is forced the situation, which increases the load on the spine in General and on the cervical vertebrae in particular. Overwork of the body can cause not only headaches, but also tremor (shaking) of the head with cervical osteochondrosis.
Another reason contributing to periodic strengthening the headaches, is that during sleep the head is in an awkward position for her. Patients who have poorly developed muscles of the neck, with a sharp turn of the head can trigger pain symptoms. The same consequences result in injury, a wrong impact on the vertebrae when performing manual procedures, e.g. massage.
Suffering from overweight people are subjected to the backbone with a constant additional load. These patients are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, particularly of the cervical. Therefore, obese people often experience dizziness and headache.
Given that blood flow to the brain during the development of osteoarthritis is difficult, and pain can be caused by problems with the spine. Headache can be caused and other diseases that are not directly linked with the impact on the spine, but have a negative impact on the circulatory system. For example, Smoking adversely affects the amount of oxygen in the blood, which affects those areas of the body where restricted or violated his arrival. The abuse of high-calorie food and alcohol damage the blood vessels that has the same effect as when smoked.
Internal organs and systems are closely interrelated with each other, and disruption of one part of the body inevitably leads to negative consequences in the rest of the body.
Problems with blood flow affect the functioning of individual organs. Consequently, reduced efficiency of internal organs reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood. Back disorders result in deterioration of functions as the hands and feet, and internal organs and systems in General.
How to get rid of headaches
As soon as the first pain symptoms, it is necessary to abandon the self-medication and consult a doctor-neurologist. The doctor prescribes a comprehensive examination. The results will show the true cause of pain syndromes.
It is strongly recommended to seek help from a doctor for those people who have previously manifested signs of cardiovascular disease, but according to the cardiogram of suspicion on them has not been confirmed, and the work of the heart pointed to the absence of pathological manifestations. This means that there is a high probability that the headache, burning sensation in the head and tremor of the head caused by occlusion of cerebral vessels due to cervical degenerative disc disease.
Treatment of degenerative disc disease at the earliest stages is the key to that recovery will be successful.
But despite this, many patients are concerned only manifestation of the disease. Symptoms of cervical degenerative disc disease, such as headache and burning pain in the head due to insufficiency of blood in the vessels of the brain, very painfully perceived by the people. And they are trying all means to get rid of the symptoms. Once their goal is achieved, the headache receded, patients leave the treatment of degenerative disc disease. But the causes of these symptoms did not disappear. It takes a little time and headache back again.
Therefore, the correct treatment is not to eliminate pain with cervical osteochondrosis, and to return the vessels of the brain full circulation. Can’t take painkillers to cope with this problem. To blood vessels of the brain will not be enough for taking such tablets, as, for example, analgesics. It is necessary to eliminate causes due to which blood vessels of the brain are having difficulties with a full functioning.
A comprehensive treatment of the disease
To headaches in cervical degenerative disc disease does not recur, doctors use a complex treatment of this pathology. This complex consists of drug therapy, which include drugs analgesic and anti-inflammatory spectrum, eliminating headaches in cervical degenerative disc disease and reduces the burning sensation in the head. Add drugs that improve cerebral blood circulation, affect the health of the blood vessels of the brain. This medication does not end there. The patient to relieve muscle tension and muscle relaxants are assigned, as well as complexes of vitamins and minerals.
In addition to medication, treatment consists of physical therapy, chiropractic, acupuncture and therapeutic exercises. The exercise treatment-and-prophylactic complex to choose the expert. Proper exercise, the components of complex physical therapy (physical therapy), aimed at restoring the functionality of the cervical spine.
Pain, dizziness and a burning sensation in the head, resulting from poor performance of the vessels of the brain are most often the direct result of a sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, the increase in physical activity has a significant impact on the successful recovery of the patient.
What includes the prophylaxis of headaches
In case of headaches and dizziness, which occur due to circulatory disorders of the blood vessels of the brain, the treatment of the underlying disease, not just the removal of Simonov. But low back pain is easier to prevent than to deal with the consequences of a negligent attitude to their health. No matter how corny it sounds, but easier, cheaper and happier to keep your health than to restore it. To prevent the development of cervical degenerative disc disease, you want to lead an active lifestyle, regularly perform complexes of simple stretching exercises that have a corresponding effect on the spine and make it healthy, active and strong.
If a person is not faced with various diseases, regularly performing special physical exercises, it is able to prevent illnesses. It is recommended to use of exercises such as yoga, qigong and other Wellness known philosophical doctrines. If you do not like the development of deep knowledge on the overall human health, can be limited to stretching, which also performs the task of preventing the emergence and development of osteochondrosis. For those people who have the first and second stage of this disease, these systems suitable as the treatment and prevention of painful symptoms.
Regular exercises will make the spine healthy, will restore normal blood circulation, will help get rid of excess weight, remove the excess load on the intervertebral discs. Take care of your body and be healthy!