Hernia of the spine and pregnancy: diagnosis and treatment

Грыжа позвоночника и беременность: диагностика и лечениеPregnancy and intervertebral hernia — this complex combination gives you a strong load on the spine women. Often there are cases when there is no problem at all. Severe pain, who give in all departments of the spine, of the special danger is not present.

But on the background of this phenomenon may appear complications that brings a lot of problems for both the expectant mother and child. To hope that a herniated lumbar will pass by itself, not worth it. A patient with a neglected disease may be bedridden, and for quite a long time. If this happens after the birth of a child, a young mother will be very difficult.

Many expectant mothers interested in the question: is it possible to give birth with a hernia? There is no definite answer, all options are individual. The right approach and the implementation of the recommendations of the specialist will facilitate the process.

The reasons for the development of the disease

A herniated disc can develop not every pregnant woman. Strong physical exertion may not always lead to disease. A precursor of this phenomenon consider that the degenerative disc disease. The situation is much complicated by the fact that the disease is not able to be felt for a long time. Sometimes it takes more than one year. So patients are reluctant to seek help and thereby complicate the situation.

Basically, the herniated disc is manifested in the later stages of pregnancy. The discs of the spine every day kept up a huge load. Eventually they are destroyed, and the development of a hernia enters into the last stage.

The main causes of the problem:Грыжа позвоночника и беременность: диагностика и лечение

  • A sedentary lifestyle. People not involved in sports, avoiding physical activity, and thereby weakens the organism.
  • An improper diet. In most cases it becomes the main reason for the development of herniated discs.
  • Excessive physical activity. Are extremely rare.
  • The expectant mother should carefully monitor their own health. This is to avoid the various «surprises» in the later stages of pregnancy. In some cases, rare pathology.

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    The disease in pregnant women

    Intervertebral hernia is a frequent phenomenon, but the young mothers it occurs and proceeds in a special way. In this process nuances:

  • The first months of pregnancy are characterized by an increase in the number of the main the hormone progesterone. He actively enhances the blood flow in the vessels. This process provokes the swelling of the nerve roots in the place of formation of intervertebral hernia.
  • During pregnancy women are forced to adopt a particular body position. This phenomenon is called «posture pregnant». It creates additional load on the spine.
  • Constantly increasing in size, the uterus somewhat shifts the center of gravity. This phenomenon leads to a stronger compression of the nerve roots. This may cause a noticeable protrusion of the intervertebral disc.
  • Recent months are characterized by active development of the secondary of the hormone relaxin. It is capable to relax the muscles of the pelvis. This leads to a weakening of the muscular corset, and eventually all of the load goes to the vertebrae.
  • Грыжа позвоночника и беременность: диагностика и лечение

    The tumor compresses the nerve and causes acute lower back pain

    If the expectant mother there are no pathologies associated with the spine and back muscles and the press are well developed, the load on the spine is able to be distributed evenly. In this case, disc herniation usually does not occur. If you have problems with the spine in the last months of pregnancy begins to manifest itself osteochondrosis. To replace him can come hernia, which occurs because of compression of the nerve root.

    It is important to be able to distinguish symptoms that causes spinal disk herniation, pain occurring against the backdrop of tension joints. If the main problem is associated with the bones of the pelvis, that the pain syndrome is felt in the coccyx and the pubic articulation. The feeling of «loose» bones. Pain is able to increase when walking and sitting. Often this occurs when pressure on certain bones of the pelvis and the soft tissues under them.

    If you had seen the pain, should immediately seek help from a doctor. So can manifest itself disc herniation.

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    Diagnosis and treatment of herniated discs

    To determine whether this disease is an MRI. The study will allow you to quickly diagnose problems of the spine. You need to remember that in the early months of pregnancy, this method is contraindicated. This process can heat the amniotic fluid, which will lead to serious problems.

    In the first months of pregnancy are allowed to use exclusively for diagnostic ultrasound and blood tests. MRI is assigned in the third trimester, but only in the case of severe pain. Is magnetic resonance imaging also, when symptoms of compression of the nerve root and limited mobility. This study will determine whether the disease harm to the fetus. In some cases there is a risk of serious injury. Based on these data, developed the tactic of delivery.

    How to deal with the condition? Not all during pregnancy you can use the necessary medications. In this case, the chosen alternative solution to the problem. Disease, you should treat it during pregnancy. Do not put it off until baby’s born. To deal with health should immediately. Inaction can significantly affect the birth, until the development of disability among mothers. Complications can cause serious harm.

    Грыжа позвоночника и беременность: диагностика и лечение

    Diagnose by MRI in the third trimester

    After diagnosis, the doctor needs to prescribe treatment on the basis of special indications. Count and contraindications for pregnant women. If you want to use during pregnancy anesthetic, then it must be safe. Any physiotherapeutic procedures is prohibited, including massage, this can further complicate childbirth.

    In rare cases, resort to traditional medicine. It is extremely rare, and only when a expectant mother must not take any medication. However, treatment in this case is long, it is used until, until you experience relief. During pregnancy it is recommended to wear a bandage or recourse to water extension of the spine.

    If the disease arose in the later stages, to eliminate it you need to start immediately. Childbirth in this case could be considerably complicated.

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    Preparation for childbirth in the presence of a hernia

    Many women suffer from presence of a hernia and before pregnancy. Therefore, when planning pregnancy should take care of the preparation of the body for the process of gestation. You need to remember that each spine will have increased loads, especially in the last trimester, when the fetus is significantly increased and the compression of the nerve roots. How to migrate this process with minimal complications?

    You need to go on reception to the neurologist or neurosurgeon. During the consultation, can be identified problems with the nervous system. It is recommended to do an MRI to get the full information on the condition of the spine. This procedure will eliminate or confirm the presence of pathology. Then you need to see an orthopedist and traumatologist. They must measure the length of the legs and to determine the degree of deformation. Any deviations can complicate childbirth.

    It is imperative for professionals who are approached by a woman who had experience with pregnant women. Childbirth is a serious process that requires special control. There are many techniques to relax the body. These include yoga, Pilates, and other techniques and practices.

    When herniated in pregnant women is very important advice that will help you to overcome this dangerous disease, create a positive mindset and to minimize the likelihood of complications.