Herniation of the knee joint

Hernia of the brush of the shoulder or knee joint is a common illness athletes. Another name – a Baker’s cyst. Accumulation of synovial fluid behind the knee joint forms a education (cavity). The disease is common in children, but the media – professional athletes.

A hernia occurs below the knee after suffering injuries mainly in footballers, athletes, weightlifters, gymnasts. Education in the area of the shoulder joint, the wrist is a common phenomenon in volleyball players, boxers, swimmers, gymnasts and sports acrobats, handball. Often found tendonitis, bursitis of the shoulder joint. Hernial protrusion back the place of articulation of the knee joint is common among skaters, skaters, masters of sports walking.Грыжа коленного сустава

Usually the hernia, the knee, the shoulder joint, the brush is a benign, but may lead to unpleasant consequences – the result of education can be inflammation of the surrounding tissue structure or rupture of the cyst. After the cyst rupture can cause serious complications. The process must take place under the supervision of a physician sports clinic or team physician.


Possible causes of the disease

During the preparation to sports competition, the participants heavily loaded parts of the skeleton and muscular system. Minor trauma may go unnoticed due to the overall picture of the condition of the muscles, bones, ligaments. Mild pain not attract attention. Professional medical examinations are generally conducted thoroughly but not always the athlete describes symptoms. But the desire to participate in the competition and receiving the sports awards should not affect human health. Hernial protrusion of the back of the knee, disease of the brush of the shoulder girdle – the suspension from participation in the competition.

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In view of the multifactorial pathology Baker’s cyst of the shoulder joint, hand, back of the knee can occur not only among professional sportsmen and Amateurs. Causes of hernial protrusion at the rear joint of the limb becomes a complex variety of reasons:

  • patellofemoral the presence of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis;
  • the integrity of the structure, joint capsules (often the case among representatives of professional sports);
  • chronic, long flowing inflammation due to arthritis or osteoarthritis;
  • genetic pathology of degenerative changes in cartilage;
  • acquired deformation of the cartilage tissue;
  • trauma to the meniscus, shoulder, elbow, ligaments.

Apart from sports reasons, the disease is called hemophilia, psoriasis, lupus or osteoarthritis.


Symptoms of the disease

To diagnose the disease at early stages is extremely difficult. Runners start at the uncomfortable feeling in the back of the articulation of the knee joint. But usually they do not give them due importance, believing that it is the result of inflating the gastrocnemius muscle.

When the rear knee is a global growth surrounding the nerves begin to squeezed. The athlete is constantly numb popliteal region, felt the tingling that he is experiencing continuous aching pain. It becomes difficult to fully bend the leg.

Appears seal, like a tumor, elastic to the touch. Complication of knee joint pathology can be a rupture of the walls of the cysts or factors of deep vein thrombosis. The body temperature rises, the doctor observes redness the calf in the back. Athlete starting to bother strong pain.

The attending of a sports team must do proper research on the subject of Baker’s cyst, assign the appropriate treatment.

Грыжа коленного сустава


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How to fix

Any disease brush, shoulder belt, knee phase the athlete should undergo a serious medical examination. The results revealed the causes, analysis of the current state and dynamics of development, complicating factors assigned treatment method. It is especially important to do thorough examinations of the shoulder girdle, wrist joints, knee joints at each session during the preparatory period before participating in the competition. This time is characterized by enhanced physical activity, the natural depletion of the body, loss of mineral substances.

If the team doctor noticed the visual changes of the anatomical structure, it is necessary to assign the diagnostic procedure.

Diagnostic methods

Specifics

Survey. The exhibition starts with a survey revealing complaints. But the athletes wishing to participate in prestigious competitions, do not always give truthful answers to medical questions, so the specifics of the sports clinic suggests checking the results of the survey.
Inspection. After evaluation of the General condition should be inspected thoroughly brush, to probe areas of the shoulder and knee joints, to ensure their mobility, to study the amplitude.
Hardware research. The athlete is prescribed ultrasound, computed tomography, ortografia, MRI, diaphanoscopy. At elevated temperatures it is necessary to take a blood test to confirm or rule out cancer.
Advice from specialists. The athlete is sent for a consultation with the orthopedist or the traumatologist. After the inspection is assigned to the operation or conservative treatment method.

A Baker’s cyst is removed surgically. Needling is done using a thick needle that is inserted under the kneecap and remove harmful fluid. In mishails cavity bags administered the prescribed doses of kenalog, diprospan, hydrocortisone or other steroid anti-inflammatory drugs.

Despite the fact that injury is a natural consequence of training, athletes should care about self-defense. To do this, we should not forget to wear your pre-workout soft knee pads, elbow pads, shoulder pads, gloves and helmets.