Hip dysplasia in children: diagnosis, treatment and consequences
What is canine hip dysplasia? This disease most expectant mothers only learn after the baby is born. Hip dysplasia in children quite often. It is every fifth child.
According to statistics, joint dysplasia is found in girls more often than boys, and boys the disease is usually observed on the left leg. Congenital dislocation of such a plan have every tenth newborn. It is not only Russian, but also world statistics. This disease affected mostly the firstborn. Doctors this disease explain the specifics of labor and carrying a baby not yet parous woman.
In children the causes of disease may be different. If the parents are elderly, there is a significant chance that the baby will have congenital dislocation of the hip. However, the frightened adults is not statistics when they learn that the baby has the condition. What you need to do to quickly it passed? And whether this diagnosis to win?
How to diagnose dysplasia in a child
This is the first and main advice to parents, which, how to treat the illness and what it is. Hip dysplasia in children can be treated effectively with modern medicine. If the disease was diagnosed and taken in a timely manner all measures, it does not remain a trace.
Is it possible to diagnose the presence of this disease? Yes. There are typical signs of hip dysplasia, which is typical for most children suffering from this disease. They pay attention in the first place, if you are looking for in children the symptoms of hip dysplasia.
The first symptom of dysplasia is the limitation of passive abduction of the hips of the baby.
When the child is lying on his back, the doctor or the parents should try to raise the hand bent in the knees legs. In this disease the baby’s thigh is not easily discharged. Is that easily removed only one thigh, and the second is limited in movement. Then it is easy to understand, which one of the affected hip dislocation.
Also characteristic is the position of the folds on the thighs and buttocks. If there are difficulties in the knee joints, this characteristic is irrelevant. When the baby’s folds of the thighs and buttocks are asymmetric, this is cause for concern parents. Not to be mistaken, the baby is put on the stomach and straighten the legs to him. It must be done very carefully. But remember that babies have the phenomenon of the asymmetry of the folds, and there is no of this disease quite often.
Congenital dislocation is quite often determined on this basis. If external rotation of the femur in a child hear a peculiar clicking sound, it will indicate a disease. But the joint clicks are quite common in children and causes of their with this disease often have nothing in common. Because this sign is also impossible wholly to be guided in the diagnosis of hip dysplasia in children.
Possible consequences of dysplasia
If the disease have not started to treat in a timely manner, it will lead to some unpleasant consequences. With age, the consequences will be more noticeable. If the disease is neglected, it will affect the length of the legs. In severe dysplasia of the hip joint, one leg will be significantly shorter than the other.
Duck walk, when the toddler learns to walk, is not uncommon. But few know that it may indicate of congenital dislocation of the hip. Many parents even believe that such a walk is normal. Lumbar lordosis often occurs in a child at the same time, and congenital dislocation. If the kids tend to walk on the toes, it can be a sign of congenital dislocation of the hip.
If the toes of the child «look» inward or outward, it is also worth paying attention to adults, not to miss the moment when it was possible to start treatment of dysplasia. Diagnosis of this disease involves not only the inspection. Will also help ultrasound examination of a child who is suspected of the disease.
If in infancy dysplasia was diagnosed and treated, teenagers are usually not visually noticeable that they suffered in childhood, the disease. If conservative treatment of hip dysplasia has not been timely made, the consequences can be serious. In adolescents, the dislocation can be corrected only through surgery.
To a congenital malformation of the baby as soon as possible passed, the parents must faithfully fulfill all the recommendations of a podiatrist.
The importance of the correct position of the legs
Hip dysplasia in babies can cause a wrong position of the infant while in the hands of the parent. Therefore, starting treatment of the disease, it is important for adults to perform and their actions. The fact is that when an adult holds the baby against his side, the baby’s legs should be apart. Otherwise, incorrect position of the legs can result in hip dislocation.
Wrong posture of the newborn during sleep or wakefulness is also can cause this diagnosis. It is important to pay attention to the posture of the child when he lies on his stomach. If the position he is correct, then the foot would be out of the mattress.
Treatment of hip dysplasia the doctor begins with the establishment of its causes. If the cause of the problem is congenital, that its origins lie in prenatal development of the child. Science believes that the emergence of hip dysplasia in children contribute to the environmental factors. The best treatment of the disease begins before the birth of the baby. If the expectant mother took vitamins and ate properly, there is a significant chance that the baby will not have congenital dysplasia. When a woman prior to conception worked in harmful conditions, she should be prepared that the baby may develop joint disease.
Very dangerous the meager diet of the expectant mother. In some cases it causes hip dysplasia in newborns.
Treatment of congenital disease of the joints in children
If left untreated dysplasia can be negative consequences, such as:
- constant pain in the legs;
- ugly gait;
- osteoarthritis (bone deformation of the legs);
- different length legs.
In congenital dislocation of the child there are two ways of treatment: conservative and surgical. Most effectively the disease is treated with electrophoresis and mud. Ozokeritovye of an application used against hip dysplasia.
If hip dysplasia in the infant recommend baby’s feet to be placed in a divorced situation. For fixing the correct position of the legs often use a special orthopedic device. Stirrups Pavlik — fairly well-known method in the prevention and treatment of this disease.
Toddler diagnosed with a medical condition, prescribe a comprehensive treatment. This includes massage and physical therapy. Also, children who put such a diagnosis, often recommend swimming on the belly. In some cases congenital dislocation prohibit or restrict vertical load on the legs.
The patience of parents and the implementation of medical recommendations will lead to a complete cure. Only if conservative methods do not help ease the situation a little patient able surgery.