Hip dysplasia in newborns: causes and treatment

Дисплазия тазобедренного сустава у новорожденных: причины и лечениеPerhaps, all moms and dads look forward to the birth of your baby. With the birth of a child is more of a hassle, but the hassle is very nice. Parents try to bestow a little care and attention, but do not forget about his health.

Hip dysplasia in newborns is a fairly common disease involving congenital dislocation of the hip. It is due to abnormal development or underdevelopment of joints. The disease is quite dangerous, as it can significantly slow down the development of the musculoskeletal system of the child.

If you start and not to treat dysplasia in newborns or even late to reveal, the consequences can be severe. Possible limb shortening, the violation of the process of walking and constant severe pain in the joints. It is therefore important to diagnose the disease in infants.

Signs of dysplasia of the pelvis

Particularly pronounced contractures of dislocation of the doctors seen at the hospital. Restriction of normal mobility in the hip joint is a sign of dysplasia. But in some cases, underdevelopment of the hip joint has a lower intensity, with the result that the problem can be detected only after 2-3 weeks after birth.

Дисплазия тазобедренного сустава у новорожденных: причины и лечение

A symptom of improper development of the hip joints is the asymmetry of the folds on the baby’s legs

Young mothers can detect the signs of dysplasia, doing baby gymnastics. Will help to identify the presence of hypoplasia of the joints of the following symptoms:

  • during exercise revealed limited abduction of the hips (normally, the angle of withdrawal reaches 170 degrees);
  • the legs in the extended state are of different length;
  • the asymmetry of inguinal or gluteal folds;
  • a «click» in the hip joints in a divorce legs;
  • at a later stage — after standing on the legs or irregularities in the walk.

If you find at least one of the symptoms of dysplasia as soon as possible to show the child the doctor-orthopedist. During the inspection he will confirm or refute the suspicions of the parents and, if necessary, will immediately prescribe the correct treatment.

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Causes, forms and treatment of the disease

Doctors agree that the main cause of dysplasia lies in genetic predisposition. If in the family somebody had problems with the musculoskeletal system, the chance of the birth of a baby with this condition increases. Also, the cause can be infectious and endocrine disease, which a woman suffered while carrying a child. In this case, the disturbed maturation of the musculoskeletal system.

Hip dysplasia in infants may develop due to improper intrauterine location of the fetus. We are talking about a pelvic, a gluteal or transverse presentation. The disease of the hip joints can be the result of severe toxicosis. The threat of miscarriage during pregnancy can also cause the development of this disease in infants.

There are several forms of the disease:

  • rotary;
  • acetabular;
  • abnormal development of the hip proximal.

Rotary dysplasia is rarer than the other forms. This configuration of the pelvis, which leads to disruption of the interaction of the hip and knee joints. Rotary dysplasia is manifested in the form of clubfoot in children.

For the acetabular form of the disease characterized by a disturbance of the acetabulum. There are three types of such violation. The first is redviva thigh, the second subluxation, and the third dislocation. In the first case, there is a slight deviation in the development of a hip apparatus, acetabulum bevelled. When subluxation of the hip occurs when a partial displacement of the neck and the femoral head. If diagnosed dislocation means the head of the femur fully offset upwards. When abnormal development of the proximal cervical-diaphyseal angle can be normal, increased or reduced form.

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Дисплазия тазобедренного сустава у новорожденных: причины и лечение

For correction of the legs use special stirrups

Treatment depends on the form of the disease. If the disease is identified in a timely manner, it can be cured within a month. Therapy usually consists of wide swaddling newborns or applying splints, but only if the disease was detected immediately after birth. The podiatrist may also recommend wearing stirrups.
Canine hip dysplasia requires a comprehensive approach to treatment. Every day you will need to visit the clinic, where the child will be to massage and to do physical therapy. Shown and physiotherapy.

The podiatrist can show mom grudnichka gymnastic exercises that are easy to perform with the child at home. Such exercises will speed up the recovery of the baby.