How to remove the hump on the back and what are its causes — why is it growing?
How to get rid of a hump on the back: effective methods
The human spine is physiological curves, which ensures its flexibility and mobility at all loads. Two forward bending (concavity) are called the cervical and lumbar lordosis, two bending ago (convexity) of the thoracic and sacral kyphosis.
As a result of certain diseases, injuries or disorders of posture can be formed pathological kyphosis with an angle of curvature of the spine more than 30 degrees.
Visually it looks like a hump on the back, noticeable when turning in profile, its location, form and intensity depend on the characteristics of the pathological process that caused the deformation.
The humps are different — fat, and very dangerous
Under the hump may be implied and pathological kyphosis, and fat accumulation in the upper back, are more common in women over 45 years and called the withers or widow’s hump.
Widow withers is formed as a result of hormonal changes in a woman’s body during menopause, but may appear at a younger age due to degenerative disc disease of the cervical vertebrae, chronic hormonal imbalance, improper metabolism in the body.
It is not a pathology of the spine, but only the fatty layer, the defect is more cosmetic. Although this hump can block the vessels, disrupting blood flow to the brain, causing migraines, dizziness, high blood pressure, numbness of the hands.
The defect is corrected fairly easily with the right organizations sleeping and working space, special gymnastics and massage.
Much more serious is the case of the most common cause of the appearance of hump on the back is kyphosis, whose name translates from Greek as «have no talent», «sognatore».
If in normal physiological bending, performs a cushioning function in pathology is a serious defect of the shape of the spine, a symptom of many diseases musculoskeletal system.
Appears arced bulge back or a hump on the back, in severe form is most often combined with hollowness of the chest and shortening of the torso.
Forms kitsno curvature
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Pathological kyphosis can be:
- slight (1st degree) – angle of spinal curvature does not exceed 40 degrees;
- moderate (2nd degree) – angle of curvature of 40 to 60 degrees;
- severe (3rd, 4th degree) – angle of curvature in excess of 60-71 degrees.
The degree of resistance of strains:
- fixed, not amenable to correction;
- mobile corrects in supine position, corrigiruet with conservative or surgical treatment.
- progressive, depending on the angle change of vignette for the year progression can be slow or fast-paced;
- not a progressive.
- UGLUBLENNYM in the form of hump with a peak of 1-2 vertebrae spinous;
- curved in the form of extended short arc.
Congenital kyphotic deformation is caused by abnormal development of the anterior vertebral wedge-shaped or half vertebra in the thoracic spine, a fusion (concrescence) of the vertebral bodies due to disorders of intrauterine development of the fetus.
Genotypic kyphosis is hereditary, passed down from generation to generation by dominant trait.
Acquired forms of curvature
Acquired deformities due to incorrect posture, injuries, diseases of musculoskeletal system, bone tissue.
There are the following types of acquired kyphosis:
- Postural (osadochnye) or functional, which are also called round back, develops in teenagers and people under 30 years of age, most girls and women, as a result of constant stooping to the weakness of the muscles that support the position of the body.
- Youthful kyphosis disease Chairman Mau develops in the period of active growth of the child, most often in adolescence in boys. Characterized by progressive kyphotic deformity of the thoracic spine with the seal of the affected vertebrae. Disease Calvet height of one or more vertebrae are much smaller than the other, which leads to a wedge-shaped deformation of the vertebral column. Most often this disease is diagnosed in boys aged 7-15 years.
- Paralytic hump develops on the background of diseases that causes muscle paralysis – cerebral palsy, poliomyelitis, muscular dystrophy.
- Rachitic manifests in infancy or in older children who have had rickets at an early age. Because of the softness of the bone and weakness of the muscles of the vertebrae change shape and move.
- Post-traumatic deformity occurs after spinal cord injuries – compression and comminuted fractures, dislocation, failed stabilization of vertebrae after surgery.
- Degenerative kyphosis develops due to diseases leading to degenerative changes in the anatomical structures of the spine osteochondrosis, spondylosis, spondylosis.
- Senile hump develops and progresses after 60-70 years, mainly in women from pathological degenerative changes in the intervertebral discs osteoporotic vertebrae changing position, degenerating and sprouting connective tissue.
- Tuberculous spondylitis causes the development of kyphosis with deformation expressed in the form of a pointed hump.
- In the later stages of ankylosing spondylitis back from the beginning of the neck to the sacrum forms a continuous arc.
Hump «grows» not from
The hump appears on the back gradually and it manifests the following symptoms:
- Mild – moderate posture, slouching with a small angle of inclination, fatigue of the back muscles, minor back pain, aggravated by physical exertion.
- Medium – severe sagnotti, have no talent back, sunken chest, protruding belly, shoulders inverted, divorced of the blade. After sitting so long back takes shape remains convex in the prone position. Chin due to the offset position of the neck extends far forward.
- Severe – back takes an S-shape, as developing compensatory increased lumbar lordosis, reduced growth due to deformation of the trunk, reduced muscle tone in the hands and feet, there is intolerance to exercise. Occur not only external changes, but also functional disorders of internal organs due to the reduction of the volume of the rib cage and lowering the diaphragm. Children with severe pathological kyphosis lag behind peers in physical development.
The shape and gravity of an infringement is confirmed using x-ray, MRI, CT.
What can I do?
To get rid of the hump will help doctors in the following specialties: orthopedics, spine, chiropractors, neurologists, traumatologists, rheumatologists. The choice of treatment depends on the causes, forms and severity of pathology.
Prescribe treatment can only be a doctor after a full examination, because the initiative of the patient with a serious pathology of the spine can lead to very dire consequences and degradation.
When kyphosis associated with degenerative changes or systemic diseases therapy should be aimed at treating the underlying pathology.
Conservative therapies are effective for your kyphosis, and should be applied in the complex:
- Therapeutic exercise – required method to correct the deformity, increase mobility of the spine, the proper positioning of all parts. All gymnastic exercises should be appointed strictly individually, depending on form of pathology, with emphasis on the development of strength and static endurance to consolidate the skills of correct posture.
- Physical therapy strengthens the muscles, removes the degeneration of the muscles and pain, removes blocks of the vertebral segments. Methods: magnetic therapy, thermotherapy, electrical stimulation of the muscles of the back and abdomen, electrophoresis, ozokeritnye applications, paraffin treatment, hydrotherapy, mud therapy, ultrasound.
- Chiropractic allows you to change the state of the vertebrae, vertebral discs and surrounding tissues by the action of the hands of the doctor on a problematic part of the spine with strictly metered load. The procedure is done every 3 days.
- Spine massage has a tonic effect on the muscles, increasing their activity and improving tissue trophism, improves blood flow and restores nutrient functions. Suspends destruction of the bones and intervertebral discs, strengthens muscles, prevents the progression of the disease.
- Orthotics – wearing chosen individually orthopedic reclinators, corsets.
- Therapeutic swimming shall be conducted only under the supervision of an instructor, it contributes to the correction of deformation, strengthening of muscles, improvement of respiratory function. The training program is created individually in accordance with the specific pathology.
How to remove the shoulder-hump on the back for a few minutes a day:
Surgery, as a last resort
If conservative treatment in severe kyphosis with impaired function of internal organs and the compression of the roots of the result does not, you may need surgery.
Actions allow you to fix the bending angle of the spine to stop progression of the deformity, remove a hump, fix the compression of nerve trunks and protect them from damage in the future.
The spine is fixed by structures made of inert metals. After surgery bed rest is shown with the subsequent wearing of a corset.
Prevention of formation of humps and strains
To prevent the development of pathological kyphosis and education hump in adults and children, you must perform the following recommendations:
- to keep the correct posture, posture when training sessions;
- don’t slouch when sitting or walking;
- to move more, more fresh air;
- to spend less time at the computer and in front of the TV;
- to ensure that the height of chair and table for employment consistent with the growth of man, the workplace was well lit;
- to sleep on a hard mattress and small pillows;
- to perform physical exercises that strengthen the muscular frame of the back;
- physical activity and sport make regular visits to the pool, doing exercises in the morning;
- time to treat diseases of the spine;
- at the first sign of the stoop to consult a doctor;
- eat a full, balanced and correct.
What are the consequences!?
In severe progressive forms of kyphosis with the formation of the hump forming numerous complications:
- compression of roots that develops due to the narrowing of the spinal canal, leading to paresis and paralysis of the lower extremities, dysfunction of pelvic organs;
- there is a rapid aging of the spine that causes severe pain in the back, interfere with the normal travel;
- affects the intervertebral disks, osteochondrosis develops;
- excessive mechanical stress in degeneration of the discs lead to the formation of disk herniation, inflammation of the spinal nerves;
- the offset center of gravity creates excessive load on the foot leading to flat feet in turn flat feet leads to additional stress on knee and hip joints of the legs with subsequent arthritic changes in them;
- constrained mobility of the chest when breathing, which leads to the formation of chronic respiratory failure, hypoxia, cardiac irregularities;
- change the position of the heart and blood vessels causing circulatory disorders, prolapse of the diaphragm increases intra-abdominal pressure, which creates prerequisites for the development of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.