How to treat intervertebral hernia? Causes, symptoms, types and treatments

How to treat intervertebral hernia? Symptoms, types and treatments

Disc herniation refers to the category of serious diseases of the musculoskeletal system, can occur as a severe complication of degenerative disc disease and is characterized by a first protrusion of the fibrous ring, and its subsequent breakup in which the contact of the inner content of an intervertebral disc in the spinal canal.


The causes of herniated discs.

In its reasons for the emergence of intervertebral hernia is divided into primary and secondary.

Primary hernia of intervertebral discs can occur as a result of severe spinal injuries, and excessive traffic loads, sharp tilt, rotation, bending, or a bad fall (post-traumatic hernia).

Other factors of the primary herniated discs can be:

  • incorrect posture;
  • violation of metabolism in the body and genetic inheritance;
  • overweight, obesity;
  • the underdevelopment of the muscular system.

Secondary disc herniation mainly develops on the background of already existing diseases of the spine. One of the most common causes of herniated disc are the pathological changes because of the manifestations of complications of osteochondrosis.

The main cause of herniated associated with the physiology of the human body. Nutrition of the intervertebral discs occurs through the use of deep muscles that are active the diffusion and act as a kind of «micropumps». If deep muscles are not used for a long time, the emergence of spasms and as a result the feeling of pain. This is due mainly to the lack of regular exercise. After this phase of the disease occurs dystrophic stage, which results in the atrophy of muscles and degeneration of the intervertebral discs.

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Typically, a herniated disc occurs due to the drying disc (dehydration), because of the inability of the private surrounding of the intervertebral disk, muscles deep to fill the water in it.

Normally, the amount of water in the disk of the total part should be 85%.

To occur this process in the muscles can for two reasons:

  • as a result of low motor activity (hypokinesia);
  • the result is highly intensive physical activity (hyperkinesia).

Both of these factors lead to stagnation of ischemia, respectively, inflammation, swelling and cause severe pain.

The following types of herniated discs:

  1. hernia of intervertebral discs of the cervical (not common);
  2. hernia of intervertebral discs of the thoracic (rare);
  3. hernia of intervertebral discs of the lumbar (a fairly common form of the disease).

Symptoms symptoms of herniated discs. Photo.

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One of the main symptoms of this disease are intense pain. The area where the pain occurs depends on the type of herniated disc.

If the affected cervical spine – there is pain in the head, neck and shoulders, in this regard, you may experience increased blood pressure and dizziness associated with blood circulation to the head.

With the defeat of the thoracic – pain characteristic of the shoulder joint, shoulder blades and chest.

The symptoms of lumbar herniation include lower back pain that radiates to the leg or buttocks. In some cases, numbness in the lower extremities.
Methods of treatment of intervertebral hernia and its prevention.

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Disc herniation how to treat?

Distinguish between conservative treatment, surgical and alternative.

When conservative treatment medical therapy is aimed at relieving the inflammatory process and blocking of pain. The main direction of this method of treatment is to relieve the symptoms of the disease, however, the process of dehydration of the intervertebral discs and the surrounding tissues continues and over time may increase, worsening the clinical picture of the disease.

In the surgical method of treatment (e.g., surgery to remove herniated discs and treatment herniated laser — laser termoplastica) also observed a number of features:

  • reduced flexibility and elasticity of the spine;
  • there is a possibility of the emergence of secondary hernias of intervertebral disks;
  • relief after surgery, has a short duration, which may change in subsequent relapse and progression of the disease.

Alternative treatments include combination therapy, which includes:

  • manual therapy (kinesitherapy);
  • acupuncture;
  • herbal medicine;
  • maxiteration;
  • point massage.

About the choice of anaesthetic ointment —

Advantage of alternative methods of treatment of intervertebral hernia is the possibility of carrying out procedures in the home, and the absence of risks and consequences for the patient.

For patients who for whatever reason want to do in the treatment without surgery, a combination of conservative and alternative treatment is a good choice.

There are many methods of treatment of herniated discs, but we miss them, since the disease requires treatment under medical supervision.

In any case, all these methods and procedures in combination, help to relieve muscle spasm, accordingly, significantly reduce pain, restore lost elasticity of the muscles, release pinched nerves, and normalize the blood circulation, eliminate stagnation in the spine and return mobility to the joints. This contributes to the reduction of the intervertebral disk and resolving the root causes of the disease. Thus modern medicine is effective, allows to fix a ruptured disk keeping the same quality of life.

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In the prevention of herniated discs need to adhere to proper balanced diet, lead an active lifestyle and perform moderate exercise, according to his age and capabilities.