How to treat osteoarthritis of the knee — national and traditional methods
Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee medicine, chondroprotectors, sports and diet
Gonarthrosis of the knee is a widespread disease which is a gradual drying up of cartilage tissue, which causes joint deformities with loss of their functions.
It is also a violation called osteoarthritis and deforming gonarthrosis.
Classification of the disease
Types of diseases:
- primary – it is the elderly, although to trace the pathogenesis of the disease in this case is impossible;
- porechny — appears due to mechanical damage to the knee or defeat the cause of inflammation in the body, has no age restrictions.
No matter what variances there are 3 stages:
- At the initial stage, the patient feels mild pain in the knee occurring after prolonged exercise or when walking. The joints in this period is not subject to deformation.
- In the second stage the pain begin to increase and become more frequent, and not necessarily because of the stress. Mobility worsened, he looks a little swollen and deformed.
- At the last stage of the process characteristic of acute pain. The patient may receive a weather-sensitive, and the pain then becomes unbearable. Joint deformities visible to the average eye, and the knee is swollen and cyanotic.
Details about gonarthrosis 2nd degree:
Details about gonarthrosis grade 3:
The goals and objectives of treatment
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The goals of treatment of deforming osteoarthritis of the knee:
- to neutralize the pain;
- to restore the affected cartilage and ligaments;
- to increase the mobility of the joint.
How to cure the disease
Modern medicine offers several methods.
All drug treatment of osteoarthritis can be divided into 2 types: internal and external use. Among other things, use solutions for injection.
In arthritis of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are usually used to neutralize the pain and inflammation, as on the back of a strong pain you can not begin treatment.
Only by eliminating acute pain, you can then move on to the massage, gymnastics and physiotherapy to those events because the pain would be unbearable.
Additionally, using these tools, be aware that they all have serious contraindications and long consumption can give rise to side effects.
So at long application it is better to use selective drugs (Movalis).
The use of chondroprotectors
Chondro — glucosamine and chondroitin — substances that nourish the cartilage tissue and restore the structure of affected cartilage, the most useful means for treatment of violations of.
They work on the cause of the disease: favors cartilage regeneration, improving the production of synovial fluid and normalizing its properties.
Similar to the effect of the drugs makes them indispensable in the treatment of early stage osteoarthritis.
Chondroprotectors are not effective at stage 3 violations when the cartilage is nearly destroyed. After all, grow new cartilage or return the form by the bones of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate cannot.
Treatment with these substances requires careful and long-term use in combination with other modalities.
Of all the drugs used in the treatment of arthritis, this group brings the most benefit. In addition, they have almost no side effects.
To achieve powerful therapeutic effect of chondroprotectors should take courses, regularly, over a long period. Does not make sense to take glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate from case to case.
Ointments and creams can’t cure osteoarthritis of knees. But they can ease the condition and reduce pain in the affected location. With this purpose, ointments are extremely helpful.
Thus, when osteoarthritis occurring without synovitis, warming ointment that improve blood flow in the joint. For this purpose, menovazin, hawkman etc. These ointments usually cause the patient a feeling of pleasant warmth. They rarely give side effects.
Ointments on the basis of non-steroidal substances (indomethacin, phenylbutazone, first days without) then apply, when the violation is combined with synovitis.
Means to compress have large compared to ointments effect. Of the used today of means of the local actions are the most common dimexide, bischofite, medical bile.
Sports and gymnastics
Many believe that when illness prohibited physical activity. For normal operation, joint he needs strong developed muscles, which is why moderate sports for the disorder brings only good.
Bilateral gonarthrosis of the knee joint can be treated with a leisurely exercise. You need to consider that painful joints can not be subjected to sudden movements and strong loads.
In addition to gymnastics, useful long walks in the fresh air.
Diet for gonarthrosis is a powerful way to influence the course of the disease.
Nutrition should be balanced, but too much high-calorie food should be remove because they can lead to excess weight, which is one of the main reasons for the occurrence of gonarthrosis.
Feature of power is that it must be rich of animal proteins, because they participate in the building of muscles. But for the nutrition of cartilage, you must use jelly, broth made from bones.
There is also a list of products not recommended for osteoarthritis of the knee. It’s alcohol, fatty meat, cabbage, tomatoes, pepper, milk, acidic fruits.
Manual therapy in violation of the stage I and II gives a good result. Sometimes a few sessions are sufficient to patient has become easier.
Especially well this leverage helps in combination with traction of the joint consumption of chondroprotectors and intraarticular introduction Ostenil.
Arthrosis of the knee – a deviation that passes 3 stages of development.
And if the first can be cured through medication from osteoarthritis, gymnastics and massages, if the joint is already observed changes, the output is surgery.
Today there are several types of interventions that are capable of eliminating pain and discomfort due to violations. Some of them, for example, arcades, gives a certain immobility to the joints than neutralized the pain.
More modern techniques include the use of a prosthesis, which can replace the joint or improve its performance by means of special plates.
The popular treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee
In many situations, folk remedies are extremely effective. Tinctures and ointments with herbs give a nice effect. So, it is possible to RUB the sore spot or camphor oil to make a compress with Apple cider vinegar and honey.
Many recipes for treatment of violations used as the basis for the leaves of burdock. You must attach the sheet to the joint, wrap wrap and a warm scarf for the night.
On the same principle, you can use the leaves of cabbage. To enhance the effect is to lubricate cabbage leaf with honey.
You need to understand the risk of disease of the knee. Treatment for should be selected carefully, taking into account all the nuances.
The first manifestations of knee pain should find an experienced doctor, which will give effective guidance on the prevention of the problem.
At the initial stages of gonarthrosis treated better than a late one. If you want to live without pain and unnecessary complications – take care of your health and the health of their joints.
Video: Exercise for gonarthrosis
What to do if a sore knee is suspected osteoarthritis? You need to visit the doctor for statement of correct diagnosis, and to study these exercises.