Hygroma brush — symptoms, causes, treatments

How to treat a ganglion cyst of the wrist, folk remedies, or delete?

What is ganglion cyst wrist? A benign tumor formed near the joint of the brush, napolneniya liquid tissue located close to the tendons.

The cause of can serve as injury and professional activity, associated with constant repetitive stress on the same muscles.

In the risk group of hygroma on the brush include: athletes(tennis players, play Golf and badminton), programmers, tailors, etc.

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Superficially resembles a ganglion cyst of small size (2-3 cm), painless tumor, which does not interfere with the movement of the brush. Not a pleasant feeling, can arise only at high load on the brush or when it is bent.

There are different types of education on the brush:

  1. Hygroma wrist joint — is formed on the surface of the brush from the back side;
  2. Hygroma of the surface of the palm – formation is localized on the palm or on the side where is located the radial artery. This arrangement makes it difficult to treat with surgery;
  3. A ganglion cyst finger – not quite beautiful, painful formation, delivers people lots of inconvenience.

Theoretically, a cystic formation can develop in any part of the body where connective tissue is located, but experience has shown that most of it occurs in the distal extremities.

Most common in the first place listed, the back side of the hygroma wrist joint.

Much less you can find the formation of the fingers, hand, Palmar surface in the area of the foot ankle joint.

Causes of tumors

The appearance of tumor in a natural way triggered a number of circumstances. Like many other diseases, the ganglion cyst on the hand refers to a group of diseases, the causes of which cannot be set exactly.

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Among the more common factors that lead to the development of hygroma brushes are the following:

  • genetic predisposition that is associated with the weakening of the articular apparatus;
  • of hand injuries of any kind from sprains to fractures;
  • joint disease or inflammation, and are also located near bodies;
  • the same actions with your hands (sewing, embroidery, printing on the computer, texts, play some musical instruments);
  • degenerative diseases of the joints.

In addition to all this, a ganglion cyst can occur as the result of surgery, but such cases are rare.

Diagnosis of the disease

When you have this education, diagnosis is not difficult – similar symptoms may give a little, what disease. So often simple examination by a doctor.

However, it is recommended to determine the probable cause, which was the impetus for the development of education, to carry out a more detailed diagnosis.

To do this, use the following methods:

  • Ultrasound to determine the location of the tumor;
  • x-rays shown to eliminate malignant formations of nature or abscesses;
  • MRI is prescribed in severe cases.

Additional steps of the diagnosing method is a method to determine the structural features of the brush and to identify where there hygroma, factors caused by the disease for the first time, is able to trigger re-formation of the tumor.

Methods of treatment of pathology

Treatment hygroma of the brush can be both surgical and conservative. The advantages and relative risks of any of the methods of treatment must previously be carefully analyzed.

Conservative treatment is carried out in 2 ways: by crushing and blockade by glucocorticoids.

The blockade of glucocorticoid

This method is quite effective, but it is only in the early stages of the disease, the education code has grown to 1 cm, but no more.


The procedure begins with local anesthesia. Further education is pierced and its contents were removed with a syringe.

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Without removing the needle, change the syringe and administered a glucocorticoid drug. The brush impose a pressure bandage and orthosis, which I leave for 5 weeks. During this time, the desolate edge of hygroma have the ability to stick together and grow together.

Wearing brace is a necessary condition and a strict recommendation.

If after the procedure not wear, then under the brush’s motion will be triggered by the allocation of synovial fluid, the pressure of which can not withstand fragile internal scar. This may contribute to the recurrence of hygroma.


This method for treating hygromas brushes can be attributed to folk remedies, as often is done by the patients themselves. Despite this break hygroma recommended is also carried out under local anesthesia.

Ball gags hygroma with the help of a flat object, the contents of education are flowing into the adjacent tissue and eventually begins to dissolve.

This method, unfortunately, does not exclude the occurrence of cellulitis (inflammatory, purulent complications), and quite often the procedure is accompanied by relapses.

If the ganglion cyst of the wrist has reached the size of more than 1 cm or formed a few bags and cause anxiety in the patient shown operation.

Deletion of hygroma brush is performed by laser and surgery.

Surgical removal

Surgery doctors are done only in the case when the cyst restricts functions of the hand, or is the patient’s aesthetic concern. It is done under local anesthesia or provodnikovym.

Surgical method is quite effective, but require immobilization of the brush for 5 weeks in the brace is mandatory. Otherwise, the risk of recurrence increases several times.

Laser removal

This removal procedure is small, which differs from surgical intervention. Using the laser also cut the skin and expose hygroma.

The outcome of the operation depends on the experience and actions of the surgeon, not the laser. The occurrence of relapses is not associated with the use of one or the other method (surgical treatment), and depends on the patient’s compliance with all recommendations of the doctor and the individual characteristics of his body.

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Remove the ganglion cyst through an incision of small size.

The doctor gently separates the surrounding tissue, and the excised ganglion cyst. The important point is – the sewing outlet. Do to the fluid which fills the joint, were in it, then sew the actual wound and apply a sterile dressing.

Joint brushes fixed cut. The removal of the seams produced after 12-14 days, until that time, treat the wound daily and change the bandage.

Complications or recurrences

The risk of recurrence of gigray hand, of course, is not dependent on treatment. However, if you strictly follow the doctor’s instructions it is reduced to zero.

Preventive measures

As the causes of synovial cysts in accuracy are not fixed, it is impossible to say how to prevent them. But we can recommend:

  • to avoid trauma to the brush, tendons and tissues;
  • time to pass medical examination;
  • in a timely manner to treat diseases of the joints;
  • evenly distribute on the brush load.

If planned severe and prolonged physical stress on the wrist joints, it is recommended to bandage it with an elastic bandage.

Video: Puncture hygroma brush