Hygroma of knee joint pathology in children and adults
Hygroma of the knee is a very common pathology encountered both adults and children. This is a benign tumor that arises from the synovial membrane. During the inspection it is possible to find rounded education, mainly sedentary.
Causes and symptoms
Developing a ganglion cyst of the knee joint on the background of diseases such as tenosynovitis and bursitis. The disease may also occur due to occupational injuries (injuries of the shoulder Bursa), or as a result of constant stress of the joint. This is especially true for athletes and people who because of their profession are on your feet all day.
This benign neoplasm in the knee joint is most often diagnosed in football players, couriers, waiters, salesmen. Unfortunately, this disease is common among children because they spend the whole day in motion.
Statistics show that most often a ganglion cyst develops in women. Most of them were of young age: 20-30 years. Hygroma of the knee joint in the elderly is a rare phenomenon.
A ganglion cyst is extremely difficult to diagnose, because its symptoms are manifested in different ways. It depends on the state of health of a particular person. In most cases, the main symptom is a rounded seal in the kneecap. It is in the knee joint the fluid has accumulated. The size of hygroma may be different. All depends on the individual characteristics of the human body.
To manifest the disease is not in a hurry. The patient usually feels no pain, so do not seek help to the doctor. However, the pathology starts to progress. This is evident in the appearance of the knee joint. If you have a load on the knee, pain increase.
A benign tumor can be single-chamber and multichamber. One-part ganglion cyst easier to treat. With the help of massage to put on the feet of the patient will not be difficult. But multi-pathology is more common and treatment should resort to an experienced surgeon.
Varieties and location of Wigram
The damage to the knee joint is not the only form of this disease. The disease may be localized in other places on the human body. Hygroma found on the upper and lower extremities.
A ganglion cyst can be formed in the region of the carpal joint on the side or back of the hand. Usually it is easily visible under the skin. Patients usually do not feel pain when flexing the wrist. Only in some cases people complain of pain.
On the back side of the distal phalanx can form a ganglion cyst. The skin in this area stretches. Under it is formed of small size ball. Pain is felt with a strong impact on the area of pathology.
A ganglion cyst may form on the fingers with the Palmar side. It grows on both fingers. This type of disease is the most unpleasant and painful. The thing is that the tumor affects the nerve endings, and there are similar to the neuralgia pain.
A ganglion cyst of the ankle joint is formed on the front side of the foot. In most cases pain is not observed. There may be mild inflammation of the ankle due to the rubbing shoes.
Pregnant women can hear from a doctor a diagnosis of «cervical hygroma of the fetus.» The disease occurs as a result of naselenia lymphatic vessels of the neck. This leads to the formation of cysts. Most often the cyst is in the neck, however, it is possible to localize the thoracic spine.
Hygroma of the fetus can be isolated, but is found and pathology as part of a syndrome. To develop the disease in different ways. If there is a easy stage of development of hygroma it on the neck there are only few cysts. If the pathology becomes complications, erosion of the skin of the fruit due to the huge number of cysts.
Often cervical hygroma of the fetus similar to chromosomal abnormalities. To establish an accurate diagnosis, you need to hold to the fetus validation karyotype by cordocentesis. Turner syndrome most often accompanied by the development of fetal cystic hygroma. Diagnostic pathology should be conducted with encephalocele of the head. With cystic hygroma in the fetus, there is no defect of the skull bones, as in cephalocele.
Treatment conservative and surgical methods
Hygroma of the knee, undoubtedly, should be treated in a timely manner. The most effective way of getting rid of hygroma is surgical intervention. However, this decision is made by a physician only in extreme cases. The main ways of getting rid of hygroma include:
- crushing tumors: a rather painful procedure, during which the stored fluid in the knee spreads over the fabric;
- pumping the fluid with a syringe;
- surgical treatment with clipping of the tumor.
Methods of treatment depend on the variety of disease. Most doctors are inclined to the least dangerous ways. It was already mentioned that one-part of a ganglion cyst can be cured with massage or traditional methods: the use of copper plates, cabbage juice, body of Medusa. But there is a risk of relapse. Besides, do not forget that traditional treatment should come first.
In children, the treatment of hygroma the knee joint can be performed using conservative methods and surgical intervention. The type of treatment chosen by the specialist based on the age of the child, characteristics of the organism and the stage of the disease. Conservative treatment has the effect of short duration relapses. Removal of the tumor in children is the most effective way to get rid of the disease. Surgery to remove ganglion (hygroma) in older children is performed under local anesthesia.
If growth of hygroma, the treatment should not be delayed. Applied endoscopic removal of a ganglion — treatment of this type of hygroma is the most safe and painless.