Hygroma of the knee — symptoms, treatment, prevention

The choice of method for treating hygromas of the knee joint

A ganglion cyst or ganglion of the knee is a common disease that is caused by a buildup of viscous fluid in the synovial pouch of the knee.

Pathology may be caused by trauma or severe stress in the region of the joint.

The ganglion often affects people who spend a lot of time on my feet.

In addition to athletes, the risk group includes couriers, sellers, as well as representatives of many other professions.

Mostly the disease occurs in the population involved in fitness and training on simulators.

Symptoms manifestations of pathology

When there appears hygroma seal spherical shape in the knee region. It can be varied in diameter, from a small nut to large size orange – this is the main symptom of the disease.

Despite the fact that the formation is tight and it can move from side to side 1-2 cm, but sometimes real.

Pathology of the small size causes pronounced discomfort and discomfort. Nagging pain occurs only with pressure and high loads on the knee joint. The main symptoms appearance of hygroma of the knee joint in children and adults are:

  • education egg-shaped with the rear side of the knee or in the region of the popliteal fossa;
  • limitation of knee mobility;
  • the pain manifested as the growth of the tumor;
  • when you reach hygroma of large size, occurs numbness in the limbs, and tingling and burning.

At small dimensions of the pathology, the symptoms can never be the sole reason for seeking medical attention becomes a manifestation of the tumor.

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Diagnostic methods

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Specialist makes a diagnosis, guided by the results of inspection and complaints of the patient. The doctor examining the patient conducts palpation of education, with the help of which he can define the shape, size and consistency of hygroma. As required is assigned to the following additional research:

  • Puncture (analysis of the content of the joint capsule);
  • X-rays;
  • Ultrasound.

Diagnosis is necessary to eliminate the possibility of malignancy.

Ways of dealing with a ganglion of the knee

Treatment hygroma knee joint is divided into conservative and surgical. The method is selected depending on the size of the ganglion, the presence of pain and limitations in joint range of motion. When the cyst is of small size, which causes the person discomfort, conservative treatment is indicated:

  • of an application with the applications of mud and paraffin;
  • irradiation with ultraviolet light;
  • electrophoresis;
  • massage.

The most effective treatment is to puncture the cyst. The contents of the cavity hygroma the knee is removed using a needle followed by the introduction into it of the means of anti-inflammatory or antibacterial action.

Another old, but no less effective method – crushing. Hygroma just squeeze by strong finger-pressure or a special subject, until she burst.

When this happens, the liquid will spill into the surrounding hygroma tissue and over time will dissipate and will not leave a trail.

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Both removal methods are carried out under anesthesia, which makes them painless. After both procedures at the knee area impose a pressure bandage with a brace, which I leave for a while (until it heals the wound).

Surgical treatment

If education has reached a large size, quickly lends itself to growth, and gives a person a cosmetic discomfort and pain, it is necessary to resort to surgical intervention. It can be done in two ways:

  1. Bursectomy – the tumor is removed through an incision made with a scalpel. This method is effective, as it allows to get rid of the tumor together with its base;
  2. Laser removal of a ganglion cyst is evaporated under the influence of laser beams. The method is painless and leaves no postoperative scars and completely safe.

The surgery is performed under General anesthesia, despite the fact that the laser evaporation and without painless. After the treatments, imposed a retentive bandage and orthosis, which contribute to immobilization of the joints and rapid recovery.

Recently started to practice a method of endoscopic resection. It allows to reduce the period of disability, and to improve long-term results of treatment.

Treatment folk methods

Treatment hygroma knee arthroplasty is increasingly performed folk remedies. Sometimes it ends in success and sometimes, unfortunately not. It all depends on the extent of the disease, the patient’s health and used the most popular recipe so someone can help herbal baths, but for someone they are completely futile.

The most effective are these:

  1. Brewing dust from the hay and soar in this sick place, and you can do and lotions, but the first option is more efficient. After the procedure, the skin lubricated with vaseline;
  2. Mash fresh herbs of wormwood, and to apply at night to the affected area;
  3. Well to make 70% alcohol compresses that top wrap a warm cloth;
  4. Drink every day a glass of cabbage juice;
  5. To make the aloe Vera honey and rye cake, and then secure it to the affected area on the knee.
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Despite the safety of such treatment, consultation with a specialist can not hurt.


Preventive measures aimed at preventing the causal factors contributing to the occurrence of a ganglion in the knee joint, and they consist in the following:

  • to prevent knee injuries;
  • don’t overdo it during sports;
  • evenly distribute the load on both legs;
  • time to treat diseases of the joints.

When you receive traumas in the knee region, you need to seek specialized help without delay. Timely treatment, to avoid development of the cyst in the future.

Video: Puncture of the knee joint