Inflammation of the joint of the big toe: causes and treatment

Воспаление сустава большого пальца ноги: причины и лечениеInflammation of the joint of the big toe can be caused by various diseases. Most often disease is caused by such diseases of the joints, such as:

  • Gout.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • The bursitis.
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • If the patient has inflammation of the joints of the feet, it greatly reduces his ability to walk normally. The affected joint is increased, swollen, the skin becomes tight and very red. Quite often patients with fever in the affected area of the body or throughout the body. With clear evidence of inflammation of the toe it is necessary to consult a doctor for diagnosis.

    Rheumatoid arthritis

    Arthritis is quite often provoke inflammation of the joint of the big toe. The disease appears bright signs:

  • Severe pain in the joint, which does not stop.
  • Swelling around the affected joint.
  • Red and hot skin around the area of inflammation.
  • Arthritis can occur in both acute and in the chronic form. Inflammation of the joints accompanied by severe attacks of pain in acute arthritis. In the chronic form of the disease the symptoms can disappear. Chronic inflammation of the joints of the feet are dangerous. Often patients do not pay attention to periodic attacks of pain and postpone visit to the doctor. But it is a slow progression of the inflammation can destroy the entire joint and cartilage tissue.

    Воспаление сустава большого пальца ноги: причины и лечениеTo determine the presence of rheumatoid arthritis is not only the characteristic increase of the joint of the big toe, but after the diagnosis. After the patient x-rays and pass certain tests, the doctor can ascertain the disease. Quite often rheumatoid arthritis manifests itself symmetrically. This means that the inflammation occurs not on 1 leg, and 2 immediately. For rheumatoid arthritis characterized by sudden disappearance of pain and stiffness. This usually occurs after some physical activity.

    Causes of rheumatoid arthritis may be a violation of the immune system of the human body. In this case, she begins to reject the body cells, mistaking them for alien. Are affected joint tissue.

    The defeat of the joints of the toes may occur after the patient has suffered a serious viral disease. In this period, the body is particularly weak, and the joints may develop inflammation.

    Infectious arthritis and gout

    Quite often the reason for the defeat of the toes becomes infectious arthritis. The disease develops due to the harmful effects on joints infection which is already present in the body. Patients with infectious arthritis there is always a feeling of stiffness and inability to bend the normal foot, the joint at the leg becomes very hot and swollen. Inflammation of the finger joints cause the appearance of common symptoms of arthritis, but along with them the patient manifested other signs of disease:

    Воспаление сустава большого пальца ноги: причины и лечение

    Pathological changes in the diseased joint

  • Severe headache.
  • Dizziness.
  • High temperature.
  • Chills.
  • In addition to arthritis, cause inflammation in the foot can gout. Most susceptible are people with a genetic predisposition and those who eat a lot of meat. Meat-lovers fall into the category of risk because, in the course of the disease on the joints of the patient settle certain substances that appear in the result of the synthesis of purines. And this element is found in abundance in meat products. At risk are men aged 35 to 55 years.

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    Patients experience very severe attacks of burning pain in the feet. Other symptoms in most cases not appear. The most severe attacks of pain occur during sleep. In the morning, a symptom usually partially passes. Rarely joints may swell and change color. The manifestation of the painful symptoms may worsen if the patient consumes a lot of meat and alcohol.

    If time does not seek medical not begin treatment, gout can be accompanied by inflammation of the kidneys and urogenital system.

    Causes and symptoms of osteoarthritis

    Воспаление сустава большого пальца ноги: причины и лечениеJoint inflammation fingers can often be caused by development of osteoarthritis. This is a disease that causes the development of destructive process in cartilage and joints. The causes of this disease may be different:

  • Severe trauma.
  • Dysplasia.
  • Inflammation.
  • Big bruise on leg — one of the most common causes of the disease. If external damage to the finger starts to swell immediately, but over time, the inflammation manifests itself. Dysplasia is a congenital change in the structure of the legs, which entails certain irregularities in functioning of the foot. Inflammation that was not caused by trauma, in most cases leads to the development of osteoarthritis and contributes to the destruction of articular of the box.

    In rare cases, inflammation of the joints caused by osteoarthritis can be caused by diseases of the immune system. In some patients the disease can be caused by a bad viral infection in the organism (Streptococcus, purulent inflammation). Very rarely there are cases when the joint becomes inflamed under the influence of syphilis or gonorrhea.

    Osteoarthritis is usually accompanied by severe dull pain, which is most often seen in the daytime. Even with slight exertion pain can increase. When the foot is a long time in a state of rest, the symptom may disappear without a trace. In addition to this symptom, patients often there is a characteristic creaking and crunching in the joints.

    Osteoarthritis is a deforming disease. Therefore, in addition to inflammation of the joints, patients show a strong change of the foot. Often the whole joint capsule becomes completely motionless.

    Symptoms of occurrence of bursitis

    This disease is often caused by injuries or injuries related to improper gait, uncomfortable shoes. The result is a deformity of the big toe. In the joint box starts the inflammatory process that can involve all tissues nearby. First and foremost is a change of the big toe. Side patient begins to grow a distinctive hard lump. It is absolutely painless, but prevents the patient to walk normally. If time does not begin treatment, the inflammation will slowly increase, and after a while there will be other symptoms of bursitis.

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    Quite often this disease occurs on the basis of other destructive diseases: arthritis, arthrosis, gout. In some cases, inflammation affects the joints of the hands, but more likely to suffer legs. Under the influence of the inflammatory process bunions begins to grow, the skin around the inflammation is red, is stretched and becomes very hot. The patient experiences severe periodic pain in the fingers, which may spread to the entire foot. When additional physical exertion pain increases and can’t be stopped, even at rest.

    Inflammation can grow and progress as a result of infiltration in the injured areas of the skin of various bacteria.

    The treatment of inflammation

    Воспаление сустава большого пальца ноги: причины и лечениеIn order to remove the inflammation and reduce pain, the doctor will prescribe a range of medicines:

  • Drugs, relieving inflammation.
  • The steroid injections.
  • Non-steroidal drugs (ointment, powder, tablets).
  • Reducing medication.
  • In special cases the patient may be discharged potent analgesic or anti-inflammatory agent. In addition to medical treatment, the patient is definitely prescribed a special brace that must be worn constantly. There are several varieties of bandages. Depending on how the disease started, and assigns the bandage to the patient. Treatment of inflammation is impossible without the use of chondroprotectors. These drugs are aimed at the restoration of cartilage and joint tissue.

    In addition, they relieve pain and fight inflammation. If the disease is running, then treatment with chondroprotectors aimed at slowing the destructive process in the tissue. Such a medicine can be used as an ointment, tablets, powders or injections. Apply these drugs must be constantly, because they nourish the damaged joint. Treatment by this method is rather long and sometimes can be up to 4 years.

    In addition to these methods of rehabilitation, your doctor may prescribe special procedures or courses of massage. This treatment causes normalization of blood circulation in the affected area, good flexing the leg relieves muscle tension and reduces pain. Such treatments can be prescribed only by a physician. An independent visit to the massage can adversely affect the health of the patient, as at certain stages of development of the disease this measure of treatment is prohibited.

    If treatment fails or the patient asked for help too late, the doctor may prescribe surgical treatment.

    If the lesion of the joint is very large, it may need partial or full replacement. Otherwise, he will not be able to perform its function, and inflammation will be transmitted to all tissues that are close, the patient will feel pain not only in the foot but in the leg.

    Therefore, the patient is offered to do the surgery, during which the doctor takes out the damaged joint and inserts the implant instead.

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    Traditional treatments

    Воспаление сустава большого пальца ноги: причины и лечениеBefore embarking on traditional treatment, the patient must adjust your diet. A lot depends on how a person eats. Excess fats and salt can lead to the formation of disease-causing growths on the joints, which can subsequently provoke inflammation. If you lose a finger due to one of the forms of arthritis, the right diet will considerably improve the patient’s condition. The patient is recommended to eliminate from the diet fatty foods, salt, alcohol, legumes and offal. Food can adopt lean meat, grains, vegetables, fruits and dairy products. It is best to drink skim milk.

    To completely cure the disease that provoke inflammatory processes in the joints, is possible only surgically. If you decide to use medical treatment or methods of folk medicine, it is necessary to understand that thus you simply stop the progression of the disease and partially improve your health.

    In order to reduce pain and swelling, it is necessary to prepare ointment. To do this, take 15 g of chalk and fill it with 50 ml of yogurt. Mix well the ingredients. You should get a thick mass resembling ointment. Apply the weight on the damaged leg and wrap it with cling film. Leave the ointment on the leg all night. Treatment with traditional methods is impossible without taking of special baths. Enter the bathroom full of hot water. The temperature should be 36-38°C. Add water 7 drops of essential oil (St. John’s wort, eucalyptus, calendula) and 1 tbsp olive oil. Take a bath for 20 minutes 1 time per day.

    You need to use herbal teas that have anti-inflammatory effect. To make one serving of broth take 20 grams petals of marigold (can be replaced by the same quantity of thyme or St. John’s wort), pour 500 ml of water and boil for 7 minutes. Allow broth to infuse and strain it. Wet a small piece of tissue and apply it to the inflamed place. Keep the compress until, until it is completely dry. Use lotion from a bow. Grate half a small onion on a grater and put the pulp on the gauze. Apply the poultice on the affected joint and keep for 40 minutes.

    Longer keep the compress is impossible, because the onions can burn the damaged skin surface. Repeat the procedure 3 times a day.