Instability of the cervical vertebrae: treatment, causes and symptoms

Нестабильность шейных позвонков: лечение, причины и симптомы заболеванияExciting today’s society the question of what instability of the cervical vertebrae, what are the treatment and the nature of the disease, is rather complicated because of the many existing features of this disease.

The human spine has two properties of mobility, which contradict each other: it’s mobility and stability.

Stability means maintaining the distance between the vertebrae during exercise. Stability depends on individual elements of the spine.

Mobility means the ability of the spine to make numerous movements, such as:

  • flexion;
  • tilts to the side;
  • circular movements of the head.

But it also happens that the spine becomes unstable, that is there are deviations and spine acquires mobility in the spinal element. Instability of the cervical spine is characterized by the displacement of the vertebrae.


The causes of disease

The most frequent reasons include:

  • Injury. It’s like injuries in sport and the consequences of accidents.
  • Osteochondrosis of the spine.
  • The appearance of anomalies in the appearance of the intervertebral disc.
  • Instability of the cervical spine characterized by the appearance of certain symptoms. These include:Нестабильность шейных позвонков: лечение, причины и симптомы заболевания

  • The onset of pain after physical exertion. It starts due to spasm of the neck muscles.
  • The occurrence of spinal deformity. Begin to break down the elements of the spine, or shifted vertebrae.
  • Difficulty in moving the neck. Movements are restricted.
  • The emergence of diseases of neurological nature, such as sciatica, numbness, disturbance of sensation and paresis.
  • Evidence of the instability of the cervical spine at an early stage of the disease is the tension that occurs in the neck. The muscles stay in working condition that leads them to exhaustion. Further decreases blood flow to the muscles and there is a failure to withstand physical load.

    When contacting the physician provides diagnostic measures in order to establish an accurate diagnosis. This collection of anamnesis, i.e. patient interviews, physical examination, radiographs in the action of flexion and extension. Medicine shares the instability of the cervical vertebrae to the hidden and explicit.

    If instability is explicit that its symptoms are fairly well-known and are treatable. This discharge syndromes of the neck, myelopathy, vertebral artery and nerve. What a well researched, to treat much easier.

    More difficult with a hidden instability. Treatment is complicated by ambiguous symptoms: this can be delivered to the wrong diagnoses and assigned to the wrong treatment. Sometimes even x-ray examination does not bring positive results. So there is no sequence to detect instability when the instability of cervical vertebra caused by the motion of the vertebrae without their rapprochement.

    If to speak easier, to detect instability of the cervical vertebrae is possible by means of x-ray examination, but the verdict of the doctor can make only in the presence of overt symptoms.


    Treatment of instability of the cervical

    Instability of the cervical vertebrae disease is rare, but brings a lot of trouble. It can change lives not for the better. But, if the time to contact your doctor to undergo examination and get the right treatment, you will be able to change the situation.

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    The treatment of this disease can be quite versatile:

  • It may be conservative treatment, which is carried out in the absence of pain and symptoms.
  • Gentle treatment is prescribed when there is a limit to the large loads on the neck and spine.
  • Wearing the hard collar.
  • Treatment may involve taking anti-inflammatory medications, i.e. tablets.
  • Acute pain can be treated procaine blockade or other painkillers.
  • Treatment can be in the nature of physical therapy. Exercise in instability of the cervical designed specifically not only for neck but also for shoulder.
  • Used physiotherapy, such as ultrasound, electrophoresis, magnetic therapy. If no contraindications, then use manual therapy as a treatment. It is designed to strengthen the muscles. Treatment can wear surgery nature. It aims to restore stability of the spine and reduce the pressure on the nerve endings.
  • Нестабильность шейных позвонков: лечение, причины и симптомы заболевания

    The structure of the cervical vertebrae

    This therapy is generally recommended for people who have instability of the cervical vertebrae, accompanied by severe pain for 1.5 months, and other treatment is not helping. Also it is intolerance to medication and physical therapy, while maintaining spinal symptom, which is caused by pressure on nerve endings.

    Surgery can be scheduled when instability of the cervical leads to dislocation of the vertebrae.


    Fusion as an operational method

    For operative treatment using spinal fusion. This operation, which is the transplant. It is mounted between the vertebrae to give them real estate. Instability of the cervical vertebra is corrected and the record, which is placed on the back and fixes the cervical vertebrae. This may appear complications: resorption of the graft, formation of lucusta.

    If you use the method of anterior spondylodesis and just fixing the front, then there is a possibility to reduce the dislocation and to reduce the pressure on the nerve endings. This method is not too traumatic, and the period of rehabilitation after surgery takes little time.

    Нестабильность шейных позвонков: лечение, причины и симптомы заболевания

    The shift of the vertebrae causes compression of nerve endings and pressure on the spinal cord

    But if the instability of the cervical vertebrae after injury is very severe, then doctors use the method of combining, that is, the intervention takes place the rear and front ways. Back way make dissection and removal of the vertebral arch. This opens access to the spinal cord. This is done in order to reduce the pressure on the nerves. And front way the spine is fixed with a transplant.

    When choosing a method of treatment of a disease, such as instability of the cervical vertebrae, considered the kind of instability and form of the disease.


    Conservative impact

    The best option is conservative treatment. It can give excellent and permanent effects. Surgery is an extreme measure. It is used only when instability of the cervical can affect the organs. This happens very often. Instability of the cervical creates such problems because the spinal canal is here narrow, and the displacement of the disk acts as a lever of pressure on the spinal cord.

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    Conservative methods of treatment of this disease is similar to treatment of other diseases of the spine. The mainstay of treatment in disease of the cervical spine are:

    • exercises;
    • gymnastics;
    • massage.

    Correctly prescribed exercise in instability of the cervical — the right path to recovery.

    In addition, the person must wear a hard neck brace, which hold the vertebrae in the normal position. When there is instability of the cervical branches, to use a corset is necessary. With the help of a corset the vertebrae are held in the correct position, it reduces the likelihood of pain and complications associated with this disease. But if you wear it long, it weakens the muscles and ligaments of the neck, this suggests that upon termination of the use of the corset problem will appear again.

    Нестабильность шейных позвонков: лечение, причины и симптомы заболеванияFor this reason, the wearing of the retainer is permitted in instability of the spine and exercises are an additional method of treatment. They are selected by the doctor due to the disease, since instability of the cervical spine is a serious disease and requires close monitoring. For cervical spine exercises are originality, a special softness and uniformity of the proposed load.

    Applied massage should be carried out by a specialist with experience and skill. Massage should be useful and effective it can be done by a professional. Massage and gymnastics in instability of the vertebrae can give excellent results, of course under the supervision of experts.

    Instability of the cervical vertebrae can not stand self-treatment and the use of folk recipes. This problem should be solved only by a specialist with skills and experience, otherwise you can complicate the development of the disease. We all know what can cause damage to the spinal cord.

    If we talk about the age of this disease, it has no age limits. All changes in the body that occur with age, can become the impetus for the disease. In older age — weakness and laxity of the muscles.

    At an early age when all the organs and tissues grow and develop, you may be torticollis. By the way, if a person has problems of the spine, the army he is definitely not threatened.


    Therapeutic exercises as a way of prevention

    Нестабильность шейных позвонков: лечение, причины и симптомы заболеванияIn order to strengthen the cervical in its instability, you should perform several easy, but effective exercises. Exercises can be done with a rubber medical tourniquet. So, follow these steps:

  • Elastic bandage is attached to the wall at one end, in a loop pass through the head and leave the rubber band on his forehead. Sitting straight, need to do the deviation to the side and forward, turning your head to the side. If the neck is slightly crackled, then that’s fine. But when pain and loud christenia should contact a doctor for advice.
  • The next exercise is called «the rolling head». Chin pressed against his chest. Gradually begin to roll. Much put your head back is not recommended, up need to reach only the top of the head and gently stretch your neck.
  • To divorce hands at a slow pace. Hands are on waist, shoulders raised, hands are getting a divorce ago. You need to get in touch with elbows, if possible. After this exercise, there is flexibility in the joints, shoulder blades and neck.
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    There are more exercises for prevention of degenerative disc disease. The exercises are not difficult but have an effective action:

  • Tighten your neck muscles and push my forehead against the palm. Repeat 3 times for 7 seconds. To change the position and put pressure on the palm already the back of his head. The number of times the same.
  • While tensing the muscles of the left temporal part of the pressure on the palm, then the temple. The amount of exercise — 3 to 7 seconds.
  • Head and shoulders — right. Head turning to the left, and like 5 times. Then do the exercise in the other direction.
  • Threw back his head and touch the ear on the shoulder. Number of repetitions: 5 times in each direction.
  • As you can see, the main exercises are the bending and twisting of the head on all sides. It should be done for 10 or even 20 times. The main course of treatment lasts approximately 6 months.

    Many question may arise: why therapeutic exercise, not aerobics, swimming? Because all methods that use fitness acceptable to the people who have proper posture. But if you need to put «feet» of the column you want to use only therapeutic exercise. You could even say that physiotherapy is the science of maintaining health.

    During physiotherapy exercises, the doctor who controls the process and can choose the treatment from a therapist. Then all the changes that occur in the body will be easier and faster, but only if it is formed of muscular corset. Therefore, if a person wants to be healthy, he should do therapeutic exercises under the guidance of a doctor. The treatment, which occurs in conjunction with physical exercise, gives positive results within a short time, can stop the progression of the disease for a long time.

    After this course of treatment, the doctor will give its findings and recommendations to the patient could avoid exacerbations of the disease