Knee osteoarthritis: causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment

How to treat osteoarthritis of the knee?

How do you feel when meeting in the street an elderly man with a cane? Certainly compassion, and even confidence that you just would not!

None of young and energetic people positions his advanced age with sickness and lameness, but rather the youthful imagination paints a smiling retiree, traveling around the world on a healthy foot and with snow-white smile, as in the photo in foreign journals.

But disease – an insidious thing. And especially diseases of the joints. Sneaking up quietly, different diseases that slowly destroy and deform the joints, appearing one morning with pain and inability to move normally.

Among all articular pathologies, judging by the number of requests for medical assistance, the leader of osteoarthritis of the knee (gonarthrosis, osteoarthritis of the knee joint). According to the statistics, osteoarthritis affects one in five people in the world aged over 40 years, and women, the disease «love» more than men.

What is osteoarthritis of the knee and can it be avoided? Let’s start with the definition of the disease.

Osteoarthritis of the knee (gonarthrosis, osteoarthritis of the knee joint) is a degenerative change of the articular cartilage.

Can be primary and secondary, ie occur against the background of other diseases.

The causes of osteoarthritis of the knee.

Most often osteoarthritis occurs due to:

  • Traumatic injuries of the knee joint
  • Overweight
  • High physical loads, including when engaging in professional sports
  • Prior diseases (typically, arthritis of different etiology)
  • Weak ligaments
  • Of metabolic disorders

 

How is arthritis?

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Osteoarthritis of the knee is divided into 1, 2 and 3 degree. Let us consider the distinctive features.

Symptoms of degree 1 of arthrosis of the knee joint.

For the first time declares itself gonarthrosis pain that occurs when walking up the stairs. A person feels discomfort in the knee joint, pain that makes it difficult down the stairs. In other situations the pain is almost not occur and therefore the patient safely forget about it or taking any medical actions, entirely trusting the advice of friends who «did that».

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It is the periodicity of pain and postpones the visit to the clinic for later, which leads to the transition of the disease into a more serious, 2nd degree.

What is the 2 degree of the disease?

2 the degree of gonarthrosis is not only severe pain but also limited mobility in the joint. The pain occur more often, not only under load but also at rest. The patient becomes difficult to bend and straighten the knee, the motion on the joint, you hear a crunch.

By visual inspection there is swelling of the joint, a small deformation of the joint. It patients with 2 degree of gonarthrosis are patients of the clinic, unable to cope with the excruciating pain and suffering from restricted mobility, they go to the doctor.

3 degree of osteoarthritis is a synonym of a disability?

Grade 3 osteoarthritis of knee joint is characterized by constant severe pain in the joints and loss of mobility. The x-ray inspection on the images marked degenerative changes of cartilage, severe deformation of the joint. Developing so-called deforming arthrosis.

Arthritic pain tend to worsen at night, becoming most intense in the early morning hours.

Patient with 3 degree of osteoarthritis can walk only with a cane, remember our old father from joining? It is.

Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee.

The healing process for arthritis – it is long and requires patient persistence and patience. Basic principles of treatment of gonarthrosis can be called

  • Systematic
  • An integrated approach

Treatment of osteoarthritis should be mandatory under the guidance of a doctor. It should give you recommendations how to treat the disease, which must be followed very carefully. It is possible for medical appointments to add and traditional methods, but only after your doctor approves them.

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Initiation of treatment of gonarthrosis, like any other disease, starts with organization gentle treatment. For gonarthrosis sparing regimen is created for the patient’s joint. The maximum excluded physical activity, prolonged walking. In the diet should limit the use of salt, sweets, fatty foods, include in the diet more fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins.

Medication.

1. For pain syndrome is assigned a group of drugs analgesics, antispasmodics:

  • Ketorol
  • Mydocalm
  • Nimesulide

2. Popular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs:

  • Diclofenac
  • L-linoscan
  • Indomethacin
  • Piroxicam and numerous others.

Drugs in this group are not assigned to long courses due to the abundance of side effects. So treatment often used extended-release tablets or medicines, injections and injections. NSAIDs facilitate the condition of patients, but do not eliminate the causes of osteoarthritis. This mission is entrusted medical science on another group of products – chondroprotectors.

3. To chondroprotectors are:

  • Chondrosamine
  • Arcoxia
  • Alflutop
  • Teraflex
  • Structum

The action of these drugs is based on restoring normal production of synovial fluid and damaged cartilage. The drugs are very effective in the treatment of 1 and 2 degree of gonarthrosis.

Unfortunately, in the 3 stages of the disease treatment with chondroprotectors no effect.

4. The medical ointments, gels, creams. Applied topically, used for rubbing and compresses. In the pharmacy network offers a huge range of drugs in this group, the purchase should be guided not advertising the popularity of a particular ointment, and a specialist’s recommendations.

5. During exacerbation of the disease are excluded not only load, but also massages, physiotherapy. They are impossible to apply in the acute period due to increased pain. As soon as the pain subsides, to medication be sure to join the massage, exercise therapy, physiotherapy.

Well established for the treatment of gonarthrosis the following procedures:

  • Laser
  • SMT
  • Electrophoresis
  • Magnetic therapy
  • Ozokerite

Traditional medicine and gonarthrosis.

In folk medicine, there are many different recipes for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee joint.

Decoctions of herbs

  • cranberries,
  • cranberry
  • thyme,
  • corn stigmas,
  • Golden mustache

are accepted inside and used for compresses. As there is a technique using alcohol tinctures for rubbing:

  • tincture bitter pepper,
  • tincture of fly agaric,
  • tincture lice.
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Used in folk medicine and compresses with medical gall, Apple cider vinegar, cabbage and honey compress. There is even a method of treatment of diseased joints with raw fish, which is tied at night to the affected area! But I don’t think there are many supporters of using this recipe.

IMPORTANT! What would you choose from the popular media, the expediency of application be sure to discuss with your doctor!

How to prevent the development of osteoarthritis preventive measures.

To prevent the occurrence of a knee is easy, if you think about it from his youth. How are the rules of prevention? Very simple. Read the causes of the disease and do everything to avoid them, namely:

  1. Don’t overeat, stick to a sparing diet and nutrition principles
  2. Reasonably distribute the physical load
  3. Not SuperCool
  4. Promptly treat any disease
  5. To avoid injuries
  6. Gymnastics
  7. To promptly contact a specialist

What exercises make it easy for osteoarthritis? Complex physical therapy exercises on video.

Recommendations at first glance quite simple. And if you follow them, gonarthrosis does not threaten you. And ripe old age fear is not necessary – in fact we are still at the beginning of the article agreed to travel the world on their feet!