Life recommendations after hip replacement: tips
A hip replacement is called replacement of the damaged element of the joint. For this purpose special implants. The implants may be required for a variety of reasons (injuries and diseases of the hip joint). After hip replacement you must follow certain guidelines.
The causes of prosthesis
The most common reasons that may require the implants are:
The need for the prosthesis may occur in Association with posttraumatic consequences (e.g., osteoarthritis).
The life of a patient after joint replacement, as a rule, change the appearance of a number of recommendations that the patient should strictly observe. After replacement, there are some limitations, the patient needs special medical gymnastics.
The first time the patient is forced to walk on crutches. How long will it take to recover?
Postoperative period and full recovery depend on patient’s age, General condition and many other factors. In order to avoid complications after hip replacement surgery, you must comply with all recommendations of the attending physician.
Exercises after surgery for reconstruction of the hip joint should be performed strictly under the supervision of a qualified professional. Life with the new regime will speed up the recovery process. To walk without the aid of crutches the patient will be able much faster.
Pain after joint replacement, as a rule, have a pronounced. Independently take any action in any case can not be, otherwise you could cause serious complications.
Features modern hip endoprosthesis
Today orthopedics have greatly succeeded in its development. Feature of the present endoprosthesis is a complicated technical design. In the prosthesis, which differs cementless fixation, contains the following elements:
The difference between the endoprosthesis of cement fixation is a whole vertline element (a Cup and
). Each individual element has its size. The surgeon should select and set the size that is ideal for a patient.
Types of fixation of the endoprosthesis have the following differences:
Reviews on each denture is different, so before hip replacement is recommended to collect as much information as possible.
A hip endoprosthesis can be:
- a single pole.
The use of a prosthesis depends on the number of model elements. A friction knot called the cooperation within the artificial joint. How long can last the endoprosthesis of the hip joint? This will depend on the type and quality of material used in friction knot.
When the patient is in need of replacement?
The main indications for surgical treatment are the results of clinical and x-ray studies and the symptoms that accompany the disease. The symptoms which the patient complains, it is one of the most significant factors pointing to the need for the surgery.
In some cases, despite the fact that osteoarthritis is one of the last stages of development (evidenced by x-ray examination), the patient almost did not bother. The need for surgical intervention may not be.
Surgery to replace the hip joint is carried out by two teams (operating room and anesthesia). The operating team operates under the guidance of highly skilled operating surgeon.
The average operation to replace a hip implant is 1.5-2 hours, while the patient is under the influence of spinal anesthesia or General anesthesia. In order to exclude infectious complications intravenous antibiotic.
The rehabilitation process
After arthroplasty, the patient is still some time in the intensive care unit, under close medical supervision. Within 7 days the patient continues to be administered antibiotics and drugs can prevent blood clotting. In order to secure a certain distance between the feet set a pillow. The legs must be in a designated position. Temperature after surgery for a hip replacement is often unstable, so doctors carefully monitor this.
How long is recovery after hip replacement? It is impossible to predict. In order to accelerate the rehabilitation process, it is necessary to carefully follow all recommendations of your doctor.
Life guidelines that you need to follow
The patient is asked to move the next day. Not get up with pastels, the patient can sit or even to do therapeutic exercises. Exercises after hip replacement that the patient performs in the first month after surgery are as simple as possible.
In order to fully restore mobility, above the hip joint needs to work, respecting the recommendation of the attending physician. In addition to physical therapy, the patient is assigned to breathing exercises.
In most cases, on the third day of rehabilitation the patient is able to walk using crutches and relying on the help of a specialist. How many days to remove the stitches? It depends on how quickly the patient is recovering. On average, sutures are removed 10-15 days after surgery for a hip replacement.
How to live after discharge from the hospital? Many people wonder how to live after you return home? At the hospital, the patient is constantly under the supervision of medical staff that oversees the entire rehabilitation process. Life with a hip endoprosthesis differs from the usual life. As already mentioned, in order to restore mobility, above the hip joint it is necessary to work constantly.
The patient should as much as possible to walk, without severe fatigue. A major role in the rehabilitation process plays an exercise, all exercise should be approved your doctor. After discharge from the hospital the patient can go to special centres, where he will work with qualified instructors in physical therapy.
How much time it would take to stay in the hospital? It depends on the General condition of the patient. Average primary recovery of the body takes 10-15 days.
After returning home, the patient must understand that if he will not go and to work hard on the hip joint, the recovery process can be significantly delayed.
Tips to be followed after discharge from the hospital
To after surgery no serious complications after discharge home, the patient must comply with a number of recommendations:
Perhaps, many of the recommendations eventually will be abandoned. Usually, this depends on how quickly the patient is recovering. Often, rehabilitation is enough 7-10 months.
As you know, the endoprosthesis of the hip joint, like any mechanism, there is your life. Gradually the prosthesis wears out, go with him maybe 15 years. How quickly the prosthesis fails, it basically depends on what the conditions of its operation. Active sports person with an artificial hip prosthesis is contraindicated.
Doing physical therapy in the home, the patient must understand that non-compliance may lead to complications. Exercises should be fairly simple to implement. Do not allow excessive stress on the body.
If when performing exercises the patient felt pain and discomfort in the thigh area, you must stop exercising.