Low back pain during pregnancy: clinical manifestations, treatment
Low back pain during pregnancy is a complex process that includes degenerative and dystrophic changes, affecting mainly the intervertebral discs. What is the result?
As a result of all these processes, the discs become thinner, lose elasticity and eventually they break.
The causes and manifestations of the disease
Low back pain during pregnancy may develop as a result of several reasons.
In General, the symptoms of degenerative disc disease during pregnancy are the same as in its absence, but transferred the disease much harder. The reason for this is the constant tension the back and the total load on the nervous system of future mother.
The disease manifests itself in symptoms such.
Manifestations of the disease can be much more diverse in severe form of the disease and have its own characteristics depending on the degree of destruction of a site.
Types and symptoms of degenerative disc disease in pregnant women
When pregnancy is most often caused cervical osteochondrosis, which depending on severity can cause a lot of inconvenience. The expectant mother will be able to overcome headaches and dizziness, often just resting, applying herbal compresses to the lesion and occasionally making a light self-massage.
In severe forms of the disease may be accompanied by insomnia and fainting spells. These consequences of cervical degenerative disc disease can greatly harm physical and mental health of the pregnant woman, therefore, require medical intervention. Sometimes the symptoms of this disease resemble the symptoms of cardiovascular diseases: pain in shoulder blade and arm. In this case, the ECG can differentiate the diagnosis and to identify the true cause of the disease.
Not less often, pregnant women develops lumbar osteochondrosis, which in severe accompanied by sharp pain, occurring at the slightest turn of the body. When getting out of bed or from a chair the pain can be sharp, be shooting in nature, radiating to the legs.
Back pain during the period of gestation can occur due to various reasons. For example, with increasing duration of pregnancy begins the physiological processes that contribute to the preparation of the body for future genera — loosening of the ligaments and bone joints in the pelvic area. These changes are necessary in order that the kid could easily pass through the birth canal. They are accompanied by painful symptoms that different women in the strength of individual sensitivity feel different.
Pain can occur when squeezing the nerves and plexuses of the growing fetus. The pain tends to increase on long periods of pregnancy without succumbing to treatment. After the baby is born these pains go away on their own.
The treatment of the disease
Pregnancy is the process by which always have difficulty with treatment selection. Than to treat disease, not to harm the expectant mother and baby? This question asks himself every specialist as a manipulation to carry out during pregnancy is very difficult, and some medications impossible because of their toxic effect on the fetus. Moreover, sometimes can be difficult, diagnosis of the disease, so the treatment of degenerative disc disease during pregnancy, you need to choose very carefully.
Treatment strategy is selected depending on the severity of the disease. If the process does not affect the normal functioning of internal organs and the pregnancy proceeds without any complications caused by osteochondrosis, it is a serious therapeutic interventions are not carried out. The only problem is that complications can arise during childbirth, as a result of the disease changes the shape and size of the pelvis. In this case, the specialist should carry out a caesarean section, this will help to avoid a difficult birth.
If the pain causes pregnant severe discomfort, to facilitate different techniques may be used.
In the absence of effect from the previous procedure, the specialist may prescribe some drugs.
The benefits of physical therapy
Separately want to talk about physical therapy. there are drills that need to know and apply every pregnant woman to eliminate back pain.
Very often, osteochondrosis develops before the onset of pregnancy. Before you conceive, the potential mother needs to pass a comprehensive examination of your body and if necessary, treatment of all identified diseases. This will avoid many inconveniences in the period of carrying a child and prevent the development of complications.