Low back pain during pregnancy: clinical manifestations, treatment

Остеохондроз при беременности: клинические проявления, лечение

Low back pain during pregnancy is a complex process that includes degenerative and dystrophic changes, affecting mainly the intervertebral discs. What is the result?

  • The cartilage loses its elasticity.
  • The volume of synovial fluid is sharply reduced.
  • Lack of fluids leads to exhaustion and deformation of the intervertebral disc due to the loss of cushioning properties.
  • By reducing the density of the disk there is a pinched nerve fibers that is the cause of the characteristic symptoms of the disease.
  • Is pinched blood vessels, leading to disruption of microcirculation and nutrition of the affected area of the spine.
  • As a result of all these processes, the discs become thinner, lose elasticity and eventually they break.


    The causes and manifestations of the disease

    Low back pain during pregnancy may develop as a result of several reasons.

  • With increasing duration of pregnancy increases the load on the spine.
  • Sharp change of a hormonal background leads to failures in metabolism.
  • A sedentary lifestyle.
  • Incorrect posture.
  • The presence of degenerative disc disease in history.
  • Flat feet.
  • In General, the symptoms of degenerative disc disease during pregnancy are the same as in its absence, but transferred the disease much harder. The reason for this is the constant tension the back and the total load on the nervous system of future mother.

    Остеохондроз при беременности: клинические проявления, лечение

    The disease manifests itself in symptoms such.

  • Aching and numbness in the extremities.
  • Constant aching back pain, which intensified under various loads.
  • The restriction of movement.
  • Spasm of the muscles.
  • Decreased reflexes and disturbance of sensation in the affected area of the back.
  • Manifestations of the disease can be much more diverse in severe form of the disease and have its own characteristics depending on the degree of destruction of a site.

  • Cervical osteochondrosis is characterized by headaches, dizziness, pain in the shoulders and arms, the flicker of his eyes. This kind of disease much easier is treatable during pregnancy.
  • Lumbar degenerative disc disease manifested by back pain, which responds to the sacrum and lower extremities.
  • Thoracic osteochondrosis creates discomfort in the chest and tearing at his chest.
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    Types and symptoms of degenerative disc disease in pregnant women

    When pregnancy is most often caused cervical osteochondrosis, which depending on severity can cause a lot of inconvenience. The expectant mother will be able to overcome headaches and dizziness, often just resting, applying herbal compresses to the lesion and occasionally making a light self-massage.

    Остеохондроз при беременности: клинические проявления, лечение

    In severe forms of the disease may be accompanied by insomnia and fainting spells. These consequences of cervical degenerative disc disease can greatly harm physical and mental health of the pregnant woman, therefore, require medical intervention. Sometimes the symptoms of this disease resemble the symptoms of cardiovascular diseases: pain in shoulder blade and arm. In this case, the ECG can differentiate the diagnosis and to identify the true cause of the disease.

    Not less often, pregnant women develops lumbar osteochondrosis, which in severe accompanied by sharp pain, occurring at the slightest turn of the body. When getting out of bed or from a chair the pain can be sharp, be shooting in nature, radiating to the legs.

    Back pain during the period of gestation can occur due to various reasons. For example, with increasing duration of pregnancy begins the physiological processes that contribute to the preparation of the body for future genera — loosening of the ligaments and bone joints in the pelvic area. These changes are necessary in order that the kid could easily pass through the birth canal. They are accompanied by painful symptoms that different women in the strength of individual sensitivity feel different.

    Pain can occur when squeezing the nerves and plexuses of the growing fetus. The pain tends to increase on long periods of pregnancy without succumbing to treatment. After the baby is born these pains go away on their own.


    The treatment of the disease

    Pregnancy is the process by which always have difficulty with treatment selection. Than to treat disease, not to harm the expectant mother and baby? This question asks himself every specialist as a manipulation to carry out during pregnancy is very difficult, and some medications impossible because of their toxic effect on the fetus. Moreover, sometimes can be difficult, diagnosis of the disease, so the treatment of degenerative disc disease during pregnancy, you need to choose very carefully.

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    Остеохондроз при беременности: клинические проявления, лечение

    Treatment strategy is selected depending on the severity of the disease. If the process does not affect the normal functioning of internal organs and the pregnancy proceeds without any complications caused by osteochondrosis, it is a serious therapeutic interventions are not carried out. The only problem is that complications can arise during childbirth, as a result of the disease changes the shape and size of the pelvis. In this case, the specialist should carry out a caesarean section, this will help to avoid a difficult birth.

    If the pain causes pregnant severe discomfort, to facilitate different techniques may be used.

  • Brace, special shoes, corset and physiotherapy will help to reduce the load on the lesion, resulting in reduced symptoms.
  • It is always necessary to monitor the posture and in any situation to keep your back straight. It will also eliminate unnecessary overloading of the spine.
  • Regular walks, light exercise, active lifestyle is a great prevention and treatment of osteochondrosis in all circumstances.
  • Easy self-massage helps to normalize microcirculation of the affected intervertebral discs, that is an excellent method of not only treatment but also prevention.
  • Herbal compresses of parsley, burdock, dandelion root and St. John’s wort can reduce the pain. But there is a perception that applying warm compresses can have a negative impact on the child’s condition, so this procedure should be performed only after permission from the observing doctor.
  • In the absence of effect from the previous procedure, the specialist may prescribe some drugs.

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents such as diclofenac sodium can be used in 1 and 2 trimesters of pregnancy.
  • Local effects on the hearth with ointments absolutely will not harm the mother and baby and will allow you to temporarily forget about this illness.
  • Manual therapy — the best way to solve such problems as low back pain. This effect helps to relieve muscle tension in the cervical and lumbar osteochondrosis. However, during pregnancy this method of treatment can be dangerous to the unborn baby, so usually give up.
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    The benefits of physical therapy

    Separately want to talk about physical therapy. there are drills that need to know and apply every pregnant woman to eliminate back pain.

  • Cat. Being on all fours, inhale arch your back up and exhale to bend down. The exercise is performed slowly, trying to feel every vertebra. This helps not only to warm up, but also to improve nutrition in the entire spine.
  • Fish. Legs bend under him and sit on the heels. Slowly lean back on the exhale as much as possible to bend your back. To stay in this position for a few seconds and return to starting position.
  • Twisting. Feet shoulder width apart in a standing position. You need to make turns of the body, helping himself with his hands. Don’t forget that you should not turn sharply, as this may cause discomfort and pain.
  • Remove the fatigue after a hard working day will help circular motion of the shoulders. Like other exercises, they allow you to relax long muscle that support the spine, and stretch your spine.
  • Very often, osteochondrosis develops before the onset of pregnancy. Before you conceive, the potential mother needs to pass a comprehensive examination of your body and if necessary, treatment of all identified diseases. This will avoid many inconveniences in the period of carrying a child and prevent the development of complications.